In 1870-72, John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Whitfield like this:
WHITFIELD, a township and a chapelry in Glossop parish, Derby. The township lies 1 mile S of Glossop r. station; and its Post town is Glossop, under Manchester. Acres, 1,577. Real property, £17,995; of which £80 are in mines, and £182 in quarries. Pop. in 1851, 4,774; in 1861, 5,679. ...
Houses, 1,144. The manor belongs to Lord Edward Howard. There are cotton factories and Paper-mills.The chapelry was constituted in 1845. Pop. in 1861, 13,040. Houses, 2,552. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Lichfield. Value, £350.* Patron, alternately the Crown and the Bishop. The church was built in 1846; and is in the early English style, with a lofty spire. There are several dissenting chapels, a free school, and national schools.
GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, History of Whitfield, in High Peak and Derbyshire | Map and description, A Vision of Britain through Time.
Date accessed: 23rd March 2017
Click here for more detailed advice on finding places within A Vision of Britain through Time , and maybe some references to other places called " Whitfield ".