Place:


Crowland  Lincolnshire

 

In 1870-72, John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Crowland like this:

CROWLAND, or Croyland, a small town, a parish, and a sub-district in the district of Peterborough; the town and the parish in Lincoln; the rest of the sub-district in Northampton. The town stands on the rivers Welland and Nen, adjacent to a station of its own name on the March and Spalding railway, 6n miles S by W of Spalding. ...


Its site was anciently an island, in the tract of the east marsh lands. Its streets are united by a triangular bridge, of three pointed arches meeting in one, like the legs in the Manx arms, and built in 1360 90. Its origin was in a hermitage, founded in the 7th century, by a noble thane, called St. Guthloc; and its progress depended on an abbey founded in 714 by Ethelbald, burnt in 870 by the Danes, rebuilt by Ethelred II., burnt again in 1091, rebuilt again in 1112, and given by Edward VI. to the Clintons. The church of the abbey was originally cruciform; survives in portions which are now the parish church; shows interesting features, from Norman to perpendicular; was considerably restored in 1860; and has a fine front with seven tiers of statuary, a tower with five galleries, an ancient font, and a screen. Henry VI. was here in 1460, and Edward IV. in 1469. The town has a post office‡ under Peterborough, a banking-office, a hotel, two Methodist chapels, a national school, breweries, maltings, a small weekly market on Thursday, and a fair on 4 Sept. Pop., 2, 413. Houses, 554. The parish comprises 12, 780 acres. Real property, £36, 354. Pop., 3, 148. Houses, 687. The property is much subdivided. Crowland Abbey was the seat of the Hunters. Most of the land was at one time impassable marsh; but all has been well drained and highly improved. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Lincoln. Value, £115. Patron, alternately the Marquis of Exeter and J. Whitsed, Esq. Charities, £126. Ingulphus, the historian, was abbot of Crowland. -The sub-district contains nine parishes and a ville. Acres, 31, 650. Pop., 8, 004. Houses, 1, 707.

Crowland through time

Crowland is now part of South Holland district. Click here for graphs and data of how South Holland has changed over two centuries. For statistics about Crowland itself, go to Units and Statistics.

How to reference this page:

GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, History of Crowland, in South Holland and Lincolnshire | Map and description, A Vision of Britain through Time.

URL: http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/place/12010

Date accessed: 22nd October 2017


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