Parish-level data from the 1831 census, including occupations

Table ID:
PAR_1831_EW     (6566632)
Contents:
Parish-level data from the 1831 census, including occupations
Approx. number of rows:
15,929
Table type:
Raw Data
Documentation Author:
Humphrey Southall
Geography:
Reporting units are identified by:
   Ancient County
   Ancient district: Hundreds, etc.
   Ancient Parish
   Type of Ancient District
   Original name of parish-level unit
   Parish- or sub-Parish-level Unit
Chronology:
The data cover the period 1881 to 1911.

Sources:

  1. The data originally appeared as the main tabulation in each of the county sections in the two volumes of the 1831 Enumeration Abstract.


Notes:

  1. This table is notable firstly as the most systematic census listing of the 'ancient' administrative geography that existed prior to the introduction of the system of Registration Districts in 1837, and secondly as the most geographical detailed listing of occupational statistics published by a census for England and Wales. However, it should be noted that this was also the last census to be conducted by sending a form to parish priests, so the reliablity of the occupational and other statistics is open to question.
  2. The 1831 Census records Beaminster Forum and Redhone hundred as a single hundred in the Bridport Division in Dorset. However, Youngs' and other sources disagree and state this was actually two separate administrative units, Beaminster hundred, and Beaminster Forum and Redhone hundred. This digital transcription of the table has been corrected to reflect this, but in the original table all parishes we now label as within either one of these hundreds were described as within Beaminster Forum and Redhone hundred.
  3. Five rows are recorded as 'Boroughs'. These have been matched to ancient boroughs (district level units) because each contained multiple parishes. They are: Reading (Berkshire), Wallingford (Berkshire), Windsor (Berkshire), Penryn (Cornwall) and Taunton (Somerset). N.B. There is currently no legal relationships between Boroughs and Hundreds in our AUO structure.


Checking:

  1. A start has been made on matching the table to the AUO, and significant effort has gone into matching districts and parish-level units through corrections to both the AUO and this table, as well as addition of variant names from the table. A considerable amount of further work is needed to ensure all sub-parish level units are matched to the AUO.
  2. Only one district-level unit is not matched. This is Lewes Hundred in Sussex which has no statistics and no evidence of its existence elsewhere.
  3. Ten parish-level units have not matched, including one 'Borough' linked to the unmatched district above. The remainder are workhouses and/or hospitals located in the East of England. None of these entries have any statistics associated with them.
  4. The total number of families should equal the sum of the three types of family. 9 rows currently fail this check.
  5. The total population should equal the sum of males and females. 2 rows currently fail this check.
  6. The total number of males over 20 should equal the sum of the 9 categories of occupied males over 20. 33 rows currently fail this check.


Acknowledgments:


We are extremely grateful to the following:

  1. David Allan Gatley: Dr. Gatley supplied this transcription to the database.


Indices:

IndexTypeColumn(s) indexed
par_1831_ew_pkey Primary key rec_num
par_1831_ew_idx   anc_cnty, anc_dist, anc_type, anc_par, sub_par, sub_type


Constraints:

The table has the following associated constraints:

ConstraintTypeDetails
par_1831_ew_pkey Primary Key See details above for primary key index



Columns within table:

ColumnTypeContents
nation Text string (max.len.=7). Name of the nation containing this row of the data; inferred from county name.
anc_cnty Text string (max.len.=44). Name of the county for which this row of data was listed.
anc_cdiv Text string (max.len.=44). Name of the division of ancient county. This is used only to identify the Yorkshire Ridings.
dist_name Text string (max.len.=84). Name of the ancient district, i.e. Hundred, Wapentake etc., as listed in the original report. This sometimes includes text identifying sub-divisions of Hundreds, etc.
dist_type Text string (max.len.=34). Type of the ancient district, as listed in the original report.
anc_dist Text string (max.len.=84). Name of the ancient district, with text identifying sub-divisions, etc, removed to permit matching to the GBH Administrative Unit Ontology.
anc_type Text string (max.len.=34). Type of the ancient district, modified to match the status identifiers used in the GBH Administrative Unit Ontology.
par_name Text string (max.len.=104). Name of the reporting unit, as listed in the original report. This may include, for example, the name of a sub-division within the parish.
par_type Text string (max.len.=34). Text string appearing to right of 'parish name' in the original report, indicating the type of unit.
anc_par Text string (max.len.=104). The part of the name of the reporting unit that identifies the actual parish. NB in most cases this is identical to par_name.
part_of_par Text string (max.len.=6). Flag: holds 'P' if the report indicates that the row covers only part of the population of the parish.
sub_par Text string (max.len.=104). Name of the sub-parish unit, such as a chapelry or township.
sub_type Text string (max.len.=14). Type identifier derived from par_type but matching the status identifiers used in the GBH AUO. The following types are currenly used: 'Ch'=Chapelry; 'ParLib'=Liberty; 'Tg'=Tything; 'Tn'=Township; All values of par_type that could not be matched to one of the above have a null value of row_type.
part_of_sub Text string (max.len.=6). Flag: holds 'P' if the report indicates that the row covers only part of the population of the sub-unit; for example, if a township was part of more than one parish and had multiple rows as a result.
area Floating point number. Area: English Statute Acres.
house_inh Integer number. Houses: Inhabited.
fam_tot Integer number. Houses: Families.
house_bih Integer number. Houses: Building.
house_unh Integer number. Houses: Uninhabited.
fam_ag Integer number. Occupations: Families chiefly employed in Agriculture.
fam_trade Integer number. Occupations: Families chiefly employed in Trade, Manufactures, and Handicraft.
fam_other Integer number. Occupations: All other Families not comprised in the two preceding Classes.
tot_male Integer number. Persons: Males.
tot_fem Integer number. Persons: Females.
tot_pop Integer number. Persons: Total of Persons.
em_tot Integer number. Persons: Males Twenty Years of Age.
em_ag_empl Integer number. Agriculture: Occupiers employing Labourers.
em_ag_noemp Integer number. Agriculture: Occupiers not employing Labourers.
em_ag_lab Integer number. Agriculture: Labourers employed in Agriculture.
em_manuf Integer number. Employed in Manufacture, or in making Manufacturing Machinery.
em_trade Integer number. Employed in Retail Trade, or in Handicrafts as Masters or Workmen.
em_prof Integer number. Capitalists, Bankers, Professional and other Educated Men.
em_lab Integer number. Labourers employed in Labour not Agricultural.
em_other Integer number. Other Males 20 Years of Age (except Servants).
em_serv Integer number. Male Servants: 20 Years of Age.
boy_serv Integer number. Male Servants: Under 20 Years.
fem_serv Integer number. Female Servants.
notes Long text. Notes. Only 49 rows currently have notes, relating only to row status, and the majority of the notes in the original report have not been transcribed.
nat_unit Integer number. GBH Administrative Unit Ontology ID number for the nation containing the row of data, i.e. England or Wales. This was inserted based on the county listed in the data.
cnty_unit Integer number. GBH Administrative Unit Ontology ID number for the ancient county containing the row of data, as identified from the names in the data.
dist_unit Integer number. GBH Administrative Unit Ontology ID number for the ancient district (Hundred, Wapentake, Borough, etc) containing the row of data, as identified from the names in the data.
par_unit Integer number. GBH Administrative Unit Ontology ID number for the ancient parish containing the row of data, as identified from the names in the data. NB where separate listings are given for townships, chapelries, etc, this aims to identify the mother parish.
sub_unit Integer number. GBH Administrative Unit Ontology ID number for the ancient sub-parish unit containing the row of data, as identified from the names in the data. This column is not yet populated.
rec_num Integer number. Sequence number, added on loading to hold rows in original order.