Condensed 1931 occupational statistics for males in smaller districts

Table ID:
OCC_1931_SM_M     (6566521)
Condensed 1931 occupational statistics for males in smaller districts
Approx. number of rows:
Table type:
Raw Data
Documentation Author:
Humphrey Southall
Reporting units are identified by:
   Administrative County
   Local Government District
   Local Government District Type
The data cover the period 1881 to 1911.


  1. The data are a full transcription of data for males in Table 17, 'Occupations (Condensed List) of Males and Females aged 14 years and over showing also the total "Operatives" and the total "Out of Work" for Urban Areas with Populations not exceeding 50,000 and Rural Districts', pp.426-583 in Census, 1931: Classification of Occupations (London: HMSO, 1934).
  2. These data were originally input by CDDA in 1999, but extensively re-organised and re-checked for errors by Humphrey Southall in April 2001.


  1. The source table lists different information for men and for women, the latter being held here in 'occ_1931_sm_f'. The occupational orders and categories used here are the same as in the data for towns over 50,000 population, held in 'occ_1931_lg_t', but drastically simplified. The derived table 'occ_1931' holds systematic summary information for both sexes in ALL local government districts.
  2. Unlike the data for women, this table does include almost all of the 32 main industrial orders. However, order XX ("Workers in other materials", which includes "workers in rubber" and "workers in bone, horn, ivory, celluloid, and vulcanite") is combined with XXI ("Workers in mixed or undefined materials", which includes "makers of musical instruments", "makers of vehicles (not returned as metal workers or wood workers)", "builders of ships and boats (not returned as metal workers or wood workers)", and "surgical or dental instrument makers").
  3. The original table does not include totals for Order XIV (Food, Drink and Tobacco) or Order XXII (Transport), but these totals have been included here as derived values.
  4. The table includes data for the Civil Parish of Folkestone next Sandgate, which was legally part of BOTH Folkestone MB and Sandgate UD. Notes to the table say its data was included in Folkestone but not in Sandgate, but the row of data for the parish itself has been deliberately left with null values of g_unit and admc_unit so that it is not included in overall totals.


  1. The total population aged over 14 ('tot_o14') was compared with the sum of the occupied ('tot_occ') and unoccupied ('xxxii_unocc').
  2. The total occupied was compared with the sum of the occupational orders (i.e. all columns whose name contains only a roman number or numbers, plus the three components of order XIV (food, drink and tobacco), plus the three components of order XXII (rail, road and other transport).
  3. The selected occupational sub-groupings within the table were checked and corrected by Humphrey Southall in April 2001, by systematic comparison of the reported totals for Administrative Counties held in 'occ_1931_lg_t' and computed county totals taken from this table.
  4. Following this additional checking, the data should be error free with the exception of the following unresolvable problems due to printing errors in the original report (each problem was double-checked, and the reported county total also re-checked). These problems are limited to the sub-groupings, all the orders being error free. NB these errors were identified by comparing reported and actual county totals, and the computed totals necessarily include figures for the large towns held in 'occ_1931_lg_t', but the errors must be in the small town data because there were other checks on the data for counties and large towns.
    • The computed total for unemployed males for Buckinghamshire is greated than the reported total by 8.
    • The computed total for agricultural labourers ('II_20_AG_LAB') for Lancashire is greater than the reported total by 10.
    • The computed total for wood carvers and turners ('XV_424_CARVER') for Middlesex was greater than the reported total by 10.


IndexTypeColumn(s) indexed
occ_1931_sm_m_idx Unique lg_dist, lg_type, adm_cnty

Columns within table:

lg_dist Text string (max.len.=54). Name of the Local Government District to which the data refer.
lg_type Text string (max.len.=8). Type of district coded to two letters.
adm_cnty Text string (max.len.=28). Name of the Administrative County within which the district is located.
part_of Text string (max.len.=5). A 'P' in this column indicates that data for only part of the place is recorded. It may be that another part is recorded in a different county.
tot_pop Integer number. Total, all ages.
tot_o14 Integer number. Total, aged 14 years and over.
tot_occ Integer number. I-XXXI Occupied, 14 years and over.
operatives Integer number. Operatives (in work).
unempl Integer number. Out of work (all classes).
xxxii_unocc Integer number. XXXII Unoccupied and retired, 14 years and over.
i_fish Integer number. I Fishermen.
ii_agric Integer number. II Agricultural occupations.
ii_11_farm Integer number. 011 Farmers.
ii_13_garden Integer number. 013, 030 Gardeners and their labourers.
ii_20_ag_lab Integer number. 020-3 Agricultural labourers.
iii_mining Integer number. III Mining and quarrying occupations.
iv_min_prod Integer number. IV Makers of coal, gas, lime, etc.
v_ceramic Integer number. V Makers of bricks, pottery, glass.
vi_chemical Integer number. VI Workers in chemicals, paints, etc.
vii_metal Integer number. VII Metal workers.
vii_150_foundry Integer number. 150-9 Foundry workers (excluding employers, managers and foremen).
vii_160_smith Integer number. 160 Smiths, etc. (excluding employers, managers and foremen).
vii_170_machinist Integer number. 170 Metal machinists (excluding employers, managers and foremen).
vii_180_fitter Integer number. 180-9 Fitters, mechanical engineers, etc. (excluding employers, managers and foremen).
viii_precious Integer number. VIII Workers in precious metals.
ix_electrical Integer number. IX Electrical apparatus makers, fitters.
x_clocks Integer number. X Makers of watches, clocks, etc.
xi_leather Integer number. XI Workers in skins; leather goods makers.
xii_textile Integer number. XII Textile workers.
xiii_clothing Integer number. XIII Makers of textile goods and articles of dress.
xiii_344_tailor Integer number. 344 Tailors (excluding employers, managers and foremen).
xiii_352_boot Integer number. 352-6 Boot, shoe and clog makers (excluding employers, managers and foremen).
xiv_1_food Integer number. XIV (1) Makers of foods.
xiv_2_drink Integer number. XIV (2,3) Makers of drinks.
xiv_4_tobacco Integer number. XIV (4) Makers of tobacco.
xv_wood Integer number. XV Workers in wood and furniture.
xv_414_carpenter Integer number. 414 Carpenters (excluding employers, managers and foremen).
xv_424_carver Integer number. 424, 5 Wood carvers and turners (excluding employers, managers and foremen).
xvi_paper Integer number. XVI Paper workers, bookbinders, etc.
xvii_print Integer number. XVII Printers and photographers.
xviii_build Integer number. XVIII Builders, bricklayers, etc.
xviii_484_bricklayer Integer number. 484, 490 Bricklayers and masons (excluding employers, managers and foremen).
xix_paint Integer number. XIX Painters and decorators, etc.
xx_xxi_other_mixed Integer number. XX-XXI Workers in miscellaneous materials.
xxii_1_rail Integer number. XXII (1) Railway transport workers.
xxii_2_road Integer number. XXII (2) Road transport workers.
xxii_3_oth_transp Integer number. XXII (3, 4) Water and other transport workers.
xxii_658_messenger Integer number. 658-9 Messengers and porters.
xxiii_commerce Integer number. XXIII Commercial and financial occupations.
xxiii_670_shop_own Integer number. 670-85 Proprietors and managers of retail businesses.
xxiii_700_shop_ass Integer number. 700-716 Shop assistants in retail businesses.
xxiv_publ_admin Integer number. XXIV Public administration and defence.
xxv_profession Integer number. XXV Professional occupations.
xxv_800_teacher Integer number. 800-1 Teachers.
xxvi_entertain Integer number. XXVI Persons professionally engaged in entertainments, etc.
xxvii_pers_serv Integer number. XXVII Persons engaged in personal service.
xxviii_clerks Integer number. XXVIII Clerks, draughtsmen, typists.
xxix_warehouse Integer number. XXIX Warehousemen, packers.
xxx_stat_eng Integer number. XXX Stationary engine drivers, etc.
xxxi_other Integer number. XXXI Other and undefined workers.
xxxi_920_gen_lab Integer number. 920-930 General and undefined labourers.
xxxi_940_factory Integer number. 940 Unskilled workers in factories, works, etc.
notes Long text. Notes. These are mainly concerned with anomalous units, notably the civil parishes which are separately tabulated but are in fact parts of Rural Districts in other counties.
xiv_food_drink Integer number. XIV Food, drink and tobacco (This is a derived value computed from the sum of the three sub-divisions listed in the table).
xxii_transport Integer number. XXII Transport (This is a derived value computed from the sum of the three sub-divisions listed in the table).
admc_unit Integer number. ID number for Administrative County containing the unit, as defined in the AUO.
g_unit Integer number. ID number for the reporting unit, as defined in the AUO.