Condensed 1931 occupational statistics for females in smaller districts

Table ID:
OCC_1931_SM_F     (6566515)
Condensed 1931 occupational statistics for females in smaller districts
Approx. number of rows:
Table type:
Raw Data
Documentation Author:
Humphrey Southall
Reporting units are identified by:
   Administrative County
   Local Government District
   Local Government District Type
The data cover the period 1881 to 1911.


  1. The data are a full transcription of data for females in Table 17, 'Occupations (Condensed List) of Males and Females aged 14 years and over showing also the total "Operatives" and the total "Out of Work" for Urban Areas with Populations not exceeding 50,000 and Rural Districts', pp.426-583 in Census, 1931: Classification of Occupations (London: HMSO, 1934).
  2. These data were originally input by CDDA in 1999, but were extensively re-organised and re-checked for errors by Humphrey Southall in April 2001.


  1. The source table lists different information for men and for women, the former being held here in 'occ_1931_sm_m'. The occupational orders and categories used here are the same as in the data for towns over 50,000 population, held in 'occ_1931_lg_t', but drastically simplified. The derived table 'occ_1931' holds systematic summary information for both sexes in ALL local government districts.
  2. While the 1931 occupational data for men in smaller towns do list totals for all but two occupational orders (XX and XXI being grouped together), the data for women fail to distinguish many industrial orders.
  3. Column 'i_xi_other' contains the total for orders I to XI, i.e.:
    • I Fishermen.
    • II Agricultural occupations.
    • III Mining and quarrying occupations.
    • IV Makers of coal, gas, lime, etc.
    • V Makers of bricks, pottery, glass.
    • VI Workers in chemicals, paints, etc.
    • VII Metal workers.
    • VIII Workers in precious metals.
    • IX Electrical apparatus makers, fitters.
    • X Makers of watches, clocks, etc.
    • XI Workers in skins; leather goods makers.
    Note, however, that the orders listed above in bold are separately identifiable within the table. Confusingly, they are listed not as orders but as sequences of individual occupational categories which in fact precisely cover whole orders.
  4. Column 'xviii_xxi_build_other' contains the total for orders XVIII to XXI, i.e.:
    • XVIII Builders, bricklayers, etc.
    • XIX Painters and decorators, etc.
    • XX Workers in other materials.
    • XXI Workers in mixed or undefined materials.
  5. Column 'xxx_xxxi_engine_other' contains the total for orders XXX to XXI, i.e.:
    • XXX Stationary engine drivers, etc.
    • XXXI Other and undefined workers.
  6. The table includes data for the Civil Parish of Folkestone next Sandgate, which was legally part of BOTH Folkestone MB and Sandgate UD. Notes to the table say its data was included in Folkestone but not in Sandgate, but the row of data for the parish itself has been deliberately left with null values of g_unit and admc_unit so that it is not included in overall totals.


  1. The total population aged over 14 ('tot_o14') was compared with the sum of the occupied ('tot_occ') and unoccupied ('xxxii_unocc').
  2. The total occupied was compared with the sum of the available totals for occupational orders, i.e. i_xi_other, xii_textile, xiii_clothing, xiv_food_drink, xv_wood, xvi_paper, xvii_print, xviii_xxi_build_other, xxii_transport, xxiv_publ_admin, xxv_profession, xxvi_entertain, xxvii_pers_serv, xxviii_clerks, xxix_warehouse and xxx_xxxi_engine_other.
  3. The selected occupational sub-groupings within the table were checked and corrected by Humphrey Southall in April 2001, by systematic comparison of the reported totals for Administrative Counties held in 'occ_1931_lg_t' and computed county totals taken from this table.
  4. Following this additional checking, the data should be error free with the exception of the following unresolvable problems due to printing errors in the original report (each problem was double-checked, and the reported county total also re-checked). These problems are limited to the sub-groupings, all the orders being error free. NB these errors were identified by comparing reported and actual county totals, and the computed totals necessarily include figures for the large towns held in 'occ_1931_lg_t', but the errors must be in the small town data because there were other checks on the data for counties and large towns.
    • The computed total number of 'operatives' for Devon was greater than the reported total by 6.
    • The computed total number of 'operatives' for the West Riding of Yorkshire was less than the reported total by 500. This is much the largest error found in the table and was checked particularly carefully. In particular, the relationship between the total occupied and total operatives was carefully examined for each individual district; none seemed anomalous, so it seems likely that it is the county total which is overstated, not the figure for one individual district which is understated. This is reassuring as the impact of the latter on rates could be far more serious.
    • The computed total of shop assistants ('XXIII_700_SHOP_ASS') for the North Riding of Yorkshire is greater than the reported total by 1.


IndexTypeColumn(s) indexed
occ_1931_sm_f_idx Unique lg_dist, lg_type, adm_cnty

Columns within table:

lg_dist Text string (max.len.=54). Name of the Local Government District to which the data refer.
lg_type Text string (max.len.=8). Type of district coded to two letters.
adm_cnty Text string (max.len.=28). Name of the Administrative County within which the district is located.
part_of Text string (max.len.=5). A 'P' in this column indicates that data for only part of the place is recorded. It may be that another part is recorded in a different county.
tot_pop Integer number. Total, all ages.
tot_o14 Integer number. Total, aged 14 years and over.
tot_occ Integer number. I-XXXI Occupied, 14 years and over.
operatives Integer number. Operatives (in work).
unempl Integer number. Out of work (all classes).
xxxii_unocc Integer number. XXXII Unoccupied and retired, 14 years and over.
i_xi_other Integer number. I to XI Total of orders I to XI.
ii_agric Integer number. II Agricultural occupations (listed as 010-039 Agricultural occupations but covers the whole of the Order).
v_ceramic Integer number. V Makers of bricks, pottery, glass (listed as 090-108 Makers of bricks, pottery, glass but covers the whole of the Order).
vi_chemical Integer number. VI Workers in chemicals, paints, etc. (listed as 110-128 Workers in chemicals and paints but covers the whole of the Order).
vii_metal Integer number. VII Metal (listed as 130-238 Metal workers but covers the whole of the Order).
ix_electrical Integer number. IX Electrical apparatus makers, fitters (listed as 250-269 Electrical apparatus makers, etc. but covers the whole of the Order).
xi_leather Integer number. XI Workers in skins; leather goods makers (listed as 280-298 Workers in skins; leather goods makers but covers the whole of the Order).
xii_textile Integer number. XII Textile workers.
xiii_clothing Integer number. XIII Makers of textile goods and articles of dress.
xiii_344_tailor Integer number. 344 Tailoresses (excluding employers, managers and foremen).
xiii_345_dress Integer number. 345 Dress and blouse makers (excluding employers, managers and foremen).
xiii_347_sew Integer number. 347-8, 360-8 Embroiderers, milliners, sewers, etc. (excluding employers, managers and foremen).
xiv_food_drink Integer number. XIV Makers of foods, drinks, tobacco.
xiv_1_food Integer number. 370-8 Makers of foods.
xv_wood Integer number. XV Workers in wood and furniture.
xvi_paper Integer number. XVI Paper workers, bookbinders.
xvii_print Integer number. XVII Printers and photographers.
xviii_xxi_build_other Integer number. XVIII-XXI Total of orders XVIII to XXI (builders, painters and decorators, other and mixed products).
xxii_transport Integer number. XXII Transport workers.
xxii_654_operator Integer number. 654-6 Telegraph and telephone operators (excluding employers, managers and foremen).
xxiii_commerce Integer number. XXIII Commercial and financial occupations.
xxiii_670_shop_own Integer number. 670-85 Proprietors and managers of retail businesses.
xxiii_700_shop_ass Integer number. 700-716 Shop assistants in retail businesses.
xxiv_publ_admin Integer number. XXIV Public administration and defence.
xxv_profession Integer number. XXV Professional occupations.
xxv_790_medical Integer number. 790-99 Midwives, nurses, etc.
xxv_800_teacher Integer number. 800-1 Teachers.
xxvi_entertain Integer number. XXVI Persons professionally engaged in entertainments, etc.
xxvii_pers_serv Integer number. XXVII Persons engaged in personal service.
xxvii_850_domestic Integer number. 850 Domestic servants.
xxvii_862_lodging Integer number. 862 Lodging and boarding house keepers.
xxvii_864_innkeeper Integer number. 864-5 Innkeepers, barmaids, etc.
xxvii_866_waiter Integer number. 866 Waiters/Waitresses.
xxvii_870_laundry Integer number. 870 Laundry workers.
xxvii_874_char Integer number. 874 Charwomen.
xxviii_clerks Integer number. XXVIII Clerks, typists, etc.
xxix_warehouse Integer number. XXIX Warehousemen, packers.
xxx_xxxi_engine_other Integer number. XXX-XXI Total of orders XXX and XXXI (Stationary engine drivers, other and undefined workers).
xxxi_940_factory Integer number. 940 Unskilled workers in factories, works, etc.
notes Long text. Notes. These are mainly concerned with anomalous units, notably the civil parishes which are separately tabulated but are in fact parts of Rural Districts in other counties.
admc_unit Integer number. ID number for Administrative County containing the unit, as defined in the AUO.
g_unit Integer number. ID number for the reporting unit, as defined in the AUO.