Housing Statistics (persons per room) from the 1901 Census.

Table ID:
HOUS_1901_EW     (6565319)
Contents:
Housing Statistics (persons per room) from the 1901 Census.
Approx. number of rows:
1,834
Table type:
Raw Data
Documentation Author:
Humphrey Southall
Geography:
Reporting units are identified by:
   Administrative County
   Local Government District
   Local Government District Type
Chronology:
The data cover the period 1881 to 1911.

Sources:

  1. This table is a complete transcription of tables 20 ('Total Tenements, and Tenements of less than five rooms, distinguishing those occupied by various numbers of persons, in Municipal Boroughs and other Urban Districts, 1901') and 21 ('Total Tenements, and Tenements of less than five rooms, distinguishing those occupied by various numbers of persons, in Rural Districts, 1901'), in the individual county reports of the 1901 census. NB the urban and rural tables are absolutely identical in structure.


Notes:

  1. Definition of a tenement: The General Report of the 1901 census [Cd. 2174] describes (p.39) tenements as 'separate occupations', and notes that in both 1891 and 1901 there were 112 tenements to each 100 inhabited houses. It comments that 'having regard to the considerable proportion of tenemented houses in large towns, it is surprising that the excess of separate tenements is not greater, but the proportion being almost identical in 1891 and 1901, there appears to be no sufficient reason for doubting its approximate accuracy'.
  2. The field 'tot_u5' was not transcribed, but computed from the totals for 1, 2, 3 and 4 room tenements after the data had been loaded.
  3. This table was originally called hous1931 and was a combination of the English and Welsh data. This was amended in February 2010 and is now called hous_1931_ew to reflect more accurately the area covered by the content.


Checking:

  1. As the data were loaded, the total for each number of rooms was checked against the sum of the number of tenements with that number of rooks with 1 person, with 2 etc., and these data should be substantially free from error.
  2. To check the data on 'total tenements', totals for each county were computed and compared with those given in table 19 of Census of England and Wales 1901. Summary Tables. Area, Houses and Population [Cd. 1523]. This procedure also meant that any missing units were located. However, it revealed two fundamental inconsistencies: Firstly, the total given in the national totals for Warwickshire was 20 less than the computed total for the districts of the county. Secondly, the total number of tenements reported for the London Borough of Westminster in the national summary tables was greater than that given in the county report for London by 100. In both cases, the figures in our table are those that appear in the county reports.
  3. The 'over_1', 'over_1_5' and 'over_2' fields were computed by us from the data. Our calculations assume that tenements occupied by '12 or more' persons contained 12 people, and are therefore obviously underestimates. NB the General Report to the census itself defined over-crowding as more than 2 persons per room.
  4. The geographical units have been cross-checked against the GBHGIS administrative unit gazetteer to ensure that all units are correctly identified. The unit names and types have been standardised. Each unit has a unique unit ID assigned to it and this can be used to cross-reference against other data-sets.


Indices:

IndexTypeColumn(s) indexed
hous_1901_ew_pkey Primary key rec_num
hous_1901_ew_g_unit_idx Unique g_unit, rec_num
hous_1901_ew_idx   adm_cnty, dist_name, lg_type, rec_num


Constraints:

The table has the following associated constraints:

ConstraintTypeDetails
hous_1901_ew_pkey Primary Key See details above for primary key index



Columns within table:

ColumnTypeContents
cnty_name Text string (max.len.=44). Name of Administrative County unit as it appeared in the original report.
adm_cnty Text string (max.len.=44). Standardised name of Administrative county.
dist_name Text string (max.len.=204). Name of Local Government District unit as it appeared in the original report.
lg_dist Text string (max.len.=204). Standardised name of local government district.
lg_type Text string (max.len.=16). Type of Local Government District.
adm_cnty_unit Integer number. Unique ID number for county unit.
g_unit Integer number. Unique ID number for local government district unit.
tot_ten Integer number. Total number of tenements in unit.
tot_u5 Integer number. Total number of tenements in unit containing less than 5 rooms.
r1_p1 Integer number. Number of tenements of 1 room occupied by 1 person.
r1_p2 Integer number. Number of tenements of 1 room occupied by 2 persons.
r1_p3 Integer number. Number of tenements of 1 room occupied by 3 persons.
r1_p4 Integer number. Number of tenements of 1 room occupied by 4 persons.
r1_p5 Integer number. Number of tenements of 1 room occupied by 5 persons.
r1_p6 Integer number. Number of tenements of 1 room occupied by 6 persons.
r1_p7 Integer number. Number of tenements of 1 room occupied by 7 persons.
r1_p8 Integer number. Number of tenements of 1 room occupied by 8 persons.
r1_p9 Integer number. Number of tenements of 1 room occupied by 9 persons.
r1_p10 Integer number. Number of tenements of 1 room occupied by 10 persons.
r1_p11 Integer number. Number of tenements of 1 room occupied by 11 persons.
r1_p12up Integer number. Number of tenements of 1 room occupied by 12 or more persons.
r1_tot Integer number. Total number of tenements of 1 room.
r2_p1 Integer number. Number of tenements of 2 rooms occupied by 1 person.
r2_p2 Integer number. Number of tenements of 2 rooms occupied by 2 persons.
r2_p3 Integer number. Number of tenements of 2 rooms occupied by 3 persons.
r2_p4 Integer number. Number of tenements of 2 rooms occupied by 4 persons.
r2_p5 Integer number. Number of tenements of 2 rooms occupied by 5 persons.
r2_p6 Integer number. Number of tenements of 2 rooms occupied by 6 persons.
r2_p7 Integer number. Number of tenements of 2 rooms occupied by 7 persons.
r2_p8 Integer number. Number of tenements of 2 rooms occupied by 8 persons.
r2_p9 Integer number. Number of tenements of 2 rooms occupied by 9 persons.
r2_p10 Integer number. Number of tenements of 2 rooms occupied by 10 persons.
r2_p11 Integer number. Number of tenements of 2 room occupied by 11 persons.
r2_p12up Integer number. Number of tenements of 2 rooms occupied by 12 or more persons.
r2_tot Integer number. Total number of tenements of 2 rooms.
r3_p1 Integer number. Number of tenements of 3 rooms occupied by 1 person.
r3_p2 Integer number. Number of tenements of 3 rooms occupied by 2 persons.
r3_p3 Integer number. Number of tenements of 3 rooms occupied by 3 persons.
r3_p4 Integer number. Number of tenements of 3 rooms occupied by 4 persons.
r3_p5 Integer number. Number of tenements of 3 rooms occupied by 5 persons.
r3_p6 Integer number. Number of tenements of 3 rooms occupied by 6 persons.
r3_p7 Integer number. Number of tenements of 3 rooms occupied by 7 persons.
r3_p8 Integer number. Number of tenements of 3 rooms occupied by 8 persons.
r3_p9 Integer number. Number of tenements of 3 rooms occupied by 9 persons.
r3_p10 Integer number. Number of tenements of 3 rooms occupied by 10 persons.
r3_p11 Integer number. Number of tenements of 3 rooms occupied by 11 persons.
r3_p12up Integer number. Number of tenements of 3 rooms occupied by 12 or more persons.
r3_tot Integer number. Total number of tenements of 3 rooms.
r4_p1 Integer number. Number of tenements of 4 rooms occupied by 1 person.
r4_p2 Integer number. Number of tenements of 4 rooms occupied by 2 persons.
r4_p3 Integer number. Number of tenements of 4 rooms occupied by 3 persons.
r4_p4 Integer number. Number of tenements of 4 rooms occupied by 4 persons.
r4_p5 Integer number. Number of tenements of 4 rooms occupied by 5 persons.
r4_p6 Integer number. Number of tenements of 4 rooms occupied by 6 persons.
r4_p7 Integer number. Number of tenements of 4 rooms occupied by 7 persons.
r4_p8 Integer number. Number of tenements of 4 rooms occupied by 8 persons.
r4_p9 Integer number. Number of tenements of 4 rooms occupied by 9 persons.
r4_p10 Integer number. Number of tenements of 4 rooms occupied by 10 persons.
r4_p11 Integer number. Number of tenements of 4 rooms occupied by 11 persons.
r4_p12up Integer number. Number of tenements of 4 rooms occupied by 12 or more persons.
r4_tot Integer number. Total number of tenements of 4 rooms.
over_1 Integer number. Number of occupants of tenements of 4 rooms or less with more than 1 occupants per room.
over_1_5 Integer number. Number of occupants of tenements of 4 rooms or less with more than 1.5 occupants per room.
over_2 Integer number. Number of occupants of tenements of 4 rooms or less with more than 2 occupants per room.
notes Text string (max.len.=1004). Comments (generally appearing as footnotes to the original table and mostly concerning boundary changes).
rec_num Integer number. Unique number identifying row in table.