Annual unemployment rates 1923-38 for 8 divisions.
- Table ID:
- Annual unemployment rates 1923-38 for 8 divisions.
- Approx. number of rows:
- Table type:
- Raw Data
- Documentation Author:
- Humphrey Southall
- Reporting units are identified by:
The data cover the period
1923 to 1938.
Dates and times are identified by:
- These data were transcribed from p. 10 in W.R. Garside, British
Unemployment 1919-1939: A study in public policy (Cambridge,
1990), but derive originally from official tabulations of
the Local Unemployment Index.
- Unemployment statistics for the early 1920s are scarce. From
1921 the Labour Gazette published the number unemployed
in engineering, shipbuilding and building for the same geographical
divisions, placed on the National Insurance system, plus hours
worked in mining; it also continued to report a 'Trade Union Percentage'
of unemployment, but this was disaggregated only by trade, not
district. From 1922, it gave percentage rates for divisions as
well as the number of unemployed within the National Insurance
system. By 1924, it also reported the numbers on the live registers
at a small number of employment exchanges, without any information
on the total number insured. By 1926, it added the unemployment
rate, by coalfield, among miners as well as hours worked. Some
of these data may be added to the database, but it would seem
that trade union reports remain the only sources which can provide
unemployment rates for a reasonable number of individual
towns up until the introduction of the Local Unemployment Index
(LUI) in 1927.
- Unfortunately unions such as the ASE expanded greatly
during WWI, making their monthly returns very bulky.
Until the LUI first appeared, therefore, the most geographically
detailed official unemployment rates were those published in the
Labour Gazette. These were limited to only eight very broad
regions among which, for example, the 'NORTH EAST' division included both
Tyneside and Lincolnshire. This transcription is included here
- The same divisions appear in tables un_1928 and un_1933.
Columns within table:
||Text string (max.len.=16).
Year to which rate refers.
||Floating point number.