Housing Density (Persons per room)

While the parish-level tables from the census list numbers of persons and numbers of houses, they provide no evidence on overcrowding. This section of the database contains measures of housing density, i.e. the relationship between the number of rooms in each dwelling and the number of persons. These were first gathered in 1891, when over-crowding was defined as over 2 persons per room. By 1931 this threshold had dropped to 1.5 persons, and by 1961 to 1 person per room.

From 1951 onwards, the census also gathered information on 'amenities': whether households had access to baths, to WCs and so on. This information is held in another section of the database.


Tables within section:

TableTypeContents
hous_1901_ew Raw Data Housing Statistics (persons per room) from the 1901 Census.
hous_1911_ew Raw Data Housing Statistics (persons per room) from the 1911 Census of England and Wales
hous_1911_lg_t Raw Data Housing Statistics (persons per room) for large towns from the 1911 Census of England and Wales
hous_1911_s Raw Data Housing Statistics (persons per room) from the 1911 Census of Scotland
hous_1931_ew Raw Data Housing Statistics (persons per room) from the 1931 Census.
hous_1931_s Raw Data Housing Statistics (persons per room) from the 1931 Scottish Census.
hous_1931_s_dist Raw Data Simplified persons-per-room data for Scottish Burghs and Districts of County
hous_1951_ew Raw Data Housing Statistics (persons per room) from the 1951 Census.
hous_1951_s Raw Data Housing Statistics (persons per room) from the 1951 Scottish Census.
hous_1961_ew Raw Data Housing Statistics (persons per room) from the 1961 Census.
hous_1961_s Raw Data Scottish Housing Statistics (persons per room) from the 1961 Census.
hous_1971_ew Raw Data Housing Statistics (persons per room) from the 1971 Census.
hous_1971_s Raw Data Scottish Housing Statistics (persons per room) from the 1971 Census.
hous_1991_ed Raw Data Numbers of households living at different densities of persons per room, by enumeration district
hous_1991_gb_ward Raw Data Housing density data for 1991 wards for Great Britain
hous_2001_gb_ward Raw Data Ward- or similar housing statistics from the 2001 Census: density, amenity & tenture
hous_2011_ew Raw Data Housing density data for Local Authorities in England and Wales in 2011
hous_2011_s Raw Data Housing density data for Local Authorities in Scotland in 2011