Brighton, fashionable watering-place, parl. and mun. bor., and par., on the coast of E. Sussex, 50 miles S. of London by rail -- par., 1625 ac. land and 91 foreshore, pop. 99,091; parl. bor., 3715 ac., pop. 128,440; mun. bor., 2514 ac., pop. 107,546; 4 Banks, 12 newspapers. Market-day, Thursday. The town extends about 3 miles along the shore, which is faced by a massive sea-wall with a drive and promenade along its whole length. It has two fine promenade piers each over 1000 ft. in length. The Pavilion, a unique pile of domes and minarets, in the Oriental style of architecture, built (1784-1823) by George IV. for a royal residence -- its original cost was upwards of £1,000,000; it was purchased by the town in 1849 for £53,000 -- contains an assembly-room for 3000 persons, museum, picture gallery, and free library, and is surrounded by extensive pleasure-grounds. The Aquarium, opened in 1872, has two tanks capable of holding 100,000 gallons of water each. B. was for some centuries previous to 1780 only a populous fishing village; the herring and mackerel fisheries are still extensively carried on. The bor. returns 2 members to Parliament.
(John Bartholomew, Gazetteer of the British Isles (1887))
|Feature Description:||"fashionable watering-place, parliamentary and municipal borough, and parish" (ADL Feature Type: "recreational facilities")|
|Administrative units:||Sussex AncC|
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