Descriptive Gazetteer Entry for CHESHUNT

CHESHUNT, a parish and a sub-district in the district of Edmonton and county of Hertford. The parish lies on the verge of the county, the river Lea, the New river, Ermine-street, and the Eastern Counties railway, in the vicinity of Waltham Abbey; is divided into the wards of Waltham-Cross, Cheshunt-Street, and Woodside; contains the villages of Cheshunt and Cheshunt-Street, -the former a seat of petty sessions, and once a market-town; and has the stations of Waltham and Cheshunt on the railway, 14¾ and 16¼ miles NNE of London, and the post offices of Cheshunt and Waltham-Cross, under London N. Acres, 8, 493. Real property, £32, 178. Pop., 6, 592. Houses, 1, 346. The property is not much divided. The manor belonged to Alan, the Conqueror's nephew; and passed to John of Gaunt and the Fitzroys. Cheshunt House, now belonging to the Mayo family, was held for a time by Cardinal Wolsey. Theobalds, now the seat of Sir H. Meux, Bart., was originally built by the famous Lord Burleigh; became a favourite residence, and the death-place, of James I.; was occasionally visited by Charles I.; underwent confiscation, and partial demolition, in the time of the Commonwealth; passed, for a time, to General Monk; was given by William III. to Bentinck, Earl of Portland; went afterwards through various hands; and was rebuilt, by the Prescotts, in 1765. Pengelly House, now the property of the Osbornes, was occupied by Richard Cromwell from 1680 till his death. Cheshunt Park, till recently the seat of the Russells, was once the property of Oliver Cromwell; and went to the Russells through intermarriage with his descendants. Cheshunt Nunnery, or Nunsbury, is the seat of the O'Briens. A nunnery was founded here before the time of Stephen, by Peter de Belingey. Cheshunt Wash, near Turnford, is thought by Gough to have been the Roman Durolitum; and has yielded coins from Hadrian to Constantine. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Rochester. Value, £401.* Patron, the Marquis of Salisbury. The church is a handsome edifice of the time of Henry VI.; and contains four brasses and some old monuments. The vicarage of Waltham-Cross is a separate benefice. There are two independent chapels, a theological college founded by Lady Huntingdon, and charities to the yearly amount of £478. Lady Huntingdon's college was removed hither from Talgarth in 1792; gives training to 30 students; and has an income of upwards of £1, 200. The charities include a free school, alms-houses, and a trust of £310 a year, which originated in compensation by James I. for a portion of Cheshunt common taken into Theobalds park. -The sub-district is conterminate with the parish.


(John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72))

Linked entities:
Feature Description: "a parish and a sub-district"   (ADL Feature Type: "countries, 4th order divisions")
Administrative units: Cheshunt AP/CP       Cheshunt SubD       Hertfordshire AncC
Place: Cheshunt

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