Descriptive Gazetteer Entry for KIRK-ANDREWS-UPON-ESK

KIRK-ANDREWS-UPON-ESK, a parish in Longtown district, Cumberland; averagely on the river Esk, adjacent to the North British railway, near the boundary with Scotland, 2½ miles N of Longtown r. station, but extending nearly 20 miles, contiguously with Scotland, along Kershope burn and the rivers Liddel, Esk, and Sark, to the Solway frith. It is traversed, over the greater part of its length, by the Carlisle line of the North British railway, and the branch to Gretna; and is crossed, near the Solway frith, from the river Sark at Gretna r. station, by the Caledonian railway. It consists of the townships of K. A. Middle-Quarter, K. A. Moat-Quarter, and K. A. Nether-Quarter, and the chapelry of NicholForest. Post town, Longtown, under Carlisle. Acres, 17, 246; of which 306 are water. Real property, £15, 084. Pop. in 1851, 1, 798; in 1861, 2, 383. Houses, 320. The increase of pop. arose from temporary labour on the North British railway. The property of the three townships is chiefly in one estate; and that of Nichol-Forest is much subdivided. Part of the surface is moor and bog. The manor belongs to Sir F. U. Graham, Bart., of Netherby Hall. Solway Moss, in the S, was the scene of a defeat of the Scots in 1542; and Esk-Bridge was the scene of a disaster to the rebels in 1745. An ancient Border fortalice, consisting of a large square three story tower, formerly defended with an iron door, is near the church. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Carlisle. Value, £854. Patron, Sir F. U. Graham, Bart. The church was rebuilt in 1637. The p. curacy of Nichol-Forest is a separate benefice.

(John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72))

Linked entities:
Feature Description: "a parish"   (ADL Feature Type: "countries, 4th order divisions")
Administrative units: Longtown PLU/RegD       Cumberland AncC
Place: Kirkandrews upon Esk

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