DDS Entity Definition: R_RGSOC_45
- Percentage of Working-Age Males in Class 4 & 5
- RGSOC_GROUP:c45 *
- Display as:
- Continuous time series
- These two classes cover semi-skilled and unskilled manual workers.
In practice, this covers labourers, including farm labourers; domestic
servants; and many workers in transport.
In the 19th century, these classes included something over a third of all male
workers, declining to a quarter in the mid-20th.
In 1841, the geographical distribution is dominated by farm labourers,
concentrated into the south east away from London, although the highest rates
were found in textile centres like Oldham (60%) and Calderdale (Halifax) (58%).
Farm labourers remained important in 1881 and 1931 although the concentration
in the south east was weakening.
The area immediately around London had fewer and fewer districts with high or
even medium proportions in these social classes, apart from a handful of
districts along the lower Thames.
In 1991 and 2001, the original pattern is almost exactly reversed, manual
workers seemingly almost banished from the south east.
South Wales, originally a concentration of skilled manual workers, i.e. miners,
had become a concentration of the unskilled.
One explanation of these patterns is that over time management and technical work
has become more and more concentrated into the south east of England, pushing
unskilled work out to the periphery.
"R_RGSOC_45" is contained within:
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"R_RGSOC_45" contains no lower-level entities.