DDS Entity Definition: R_HOUS_DENSITY_GEN
- Percentage of Households with more than one person per room
- HOUS_DENSITY_GEN:over_1 *
- Display as:
- Continuous time series
- These figures record, for most years, how many households had less than one room
per person (not counting bathrooms and corridors). How good a measure of
living conditions is this?
The figures for 1931 are for 'families', not households, and the total number
of families excludes those with more than five rooms.
The figures seem to show a very clear geographical pattern, with the worst
conditions concentrated into both urban and rural parts of the north-east of England.
However, this pattern may be a result of the way the census measured crowding,
by counting numbers of rooms rather than floorspace.
To some extent housing in the north-east resembled that in Scotland, with fewer
but larger rooms, while in the north-west of England people lived in terraced
houses with lots of small rooms.
There was also serious over-crowding in inner London: the twenty worst districts
include Tower Hamlets, Islington and Southwark.
In 1931, three districts had over half their households living at over one person
per room, but by 1951 only one had over a third.
The worst districts were still concentrated in the north-east, but slum clearance
schemes in some urban areas meant that the rural west midlands now appear as a problem area.
In the 1950s and 1960s very active slum clearance programmes, planned construction
of 'overspill' estates and new towns, and home-owning middle class families being able
to afford better homes all led to great improvements: by 1971, only 6% of households
in England and Wales had less than one room per person, compared to 21% in 1931 and 16% in 1951.
The concentration of bad conditions in the north-east and London remained, although
the north-east then saw remarkable improvement in its relative position during the 1970s.
By 1991, only 2% of households had less than one room per person, and the 2001 census
used a new measure of over-crowding.
This 'occupancy rating' relates the actual number of rooms to the number of rooms
'required' by the members of the household, based on their relationships and ages.
There is some comparability: a household consisting of a husband and wife, a son and
a daughter would require five rooms, and we concentrate on households with an 'occupancy
rating' of -1 or less.
These households were clearly concentrated into the main cities, but the four 'worst'
districts were affluent parts of London: the City, Camden, Westminster, and Kensington
As a single person in a bedsit with separate bathroom and kitchen counts as
over-crowded, the new standard may simply be too demanding.
"R_HOUS_DENSITY_GEN" is contained within:
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"R_HOUS_DENSITY_GEN" contains no lower-level entities.