1871 Census of Scotland, Tables of the Number of the Population, of the families of children receiving education, of houses, and rooms with windows in Scotland and its Islands, on 3rd April 1871, Table 3: " HOUSES AND POPULATION IN THE DIVISIONS AND CIVIL COUNTIES IN 1861 AND 1871 (Including Shipping.)".

DIVISIONS
AND
CIVIL COUNTIES.
1861. 1871.
HOUSES. POPULATION. HOUSES. POPULATION.
In-
habited.
Vacant. Build-
ing.
Males. Females. Total. In-
habited.
Vacant. Build-
ing.
Males. Females. Total.
SCOTLAND 393,220 13,220 3,224 1,449,848 1,612,446 3,062,294 419,365 23,381 3,108 1,601,633 1,756,980 3,358,613
                           
DIVISIONS.                        
I. NORTHERN 23,964 364 225 58,881 71,541 130,422 24,315 822 117 57,492 69,060 126,552
II. NORTH-WESTERN 32,305 505 138 79,178 90,489 169,667 32,591 1,043 143 78,827 89,562 168,389
III. NORTH-EASTERN 60,708 1,667 441 174,152 194,485 368,637 63,645 2,665 389 187,075 208,004 395,079
IV. EAST-MIDLAND 76,164 3,269 537 242,447 279,675 522,122 80,702 5,899 458 256,445 300,084 556,529
V. WEST-MIDLAND 34,409 1,652 276 116,658 123,357 240,015 39,159 2,392 246 121,499 128,131 249,630
VI. SOUTH-WESTERN 84,336 2,932 851 484,602 523,496 1,008,098 89,818 4,604 916 579,461 603,482 1,182,943
VII. SOUTH-EASTERN 46,191 1,838 480 192,290 216,456 408,746 52,798 3,897 627 223,037 247,048 470,085
VIII. SOUTHERN 35,143 993 276 101,640 112,947 214,587 36,337 2,059 212 97,797 111,609 209,406
                           
I. NORTHERN.                        
1 SHETLAND 5,517 75 15 13,053 18,617 31,670 5,740 220 10 13,080 18,525 31,605
2 ORKNEY 6,064 125 57 14,924 17,471 32,395 6,301 255 18 14,346 16,926 31,272
3 CAITHNESS 7,457 92 126 19,352 21,759 41,111 7,476 261 48 18,939 21,050 39,989
4 SUTHERLAND 4,926 72 27 11,552 13,694 25,246 4,798 86 41 11,127 12,559 23,686
                           
II. NORTH WESTERN.                        
5 ROSS AND CROMARTY 15,728 264 60 38,023 43,383 81,406 15,932 514 65 38,029 42,880 80,909
6 INVERNESS* 16,577 241 78 41,155 47,106 88,261 16,659 529 78 40,798 46,682 87,480
                           
III. NORTH EASTERN.                        
7 NAIRN 2,023 51 11 4,750 5,315 10,065 2,046 99 10 4,771 5,442 10,213
8 ELGIN* 8,135 268 77 20,217 23,105 43,322 8,564 459 29 20,278 23,320 43,598
9 BANFF 11,091 318 92 28,000 31,215 59,215 11,663 497 72 29,345 32,665 62,010
10 ABERDEEN 32,762 776 216 104,441 117,128 221,569 34,691 1,213 231 115,891 128,716 244,607
11 KINCARDINE 6,697 254 45 16,744 17,722 34,466 6,681 397 47 16,790 17,861 34,651
                           
IV. EAST MIDLAND.                        
12 FORFAR 23,460 807 196 92,223 112,202 204,425 25,859 1,743 196 106,223 131,305 237,528
13 PERTH 22,035 893 158 63,428 70,072 133,500 22,387 1,608 79 60,592 67,149 127,741
14 FIFE 26,029 1,326 153 72,608 82,162 154,770 27,340 2,174 149 74,700 85,610 160,310
15 KINROSS 1,644 100 8 3,787 4,190 7,977 1,669 179 1 3,387 3,821 7,208
16 CLACKMANNAN 2,996 143 22 10,401 11,049 21,450 3,447 195 33 11,543 12,199 23,742
                           
V. WEST MIDLAND.                        
17 STIRLING 12,271 578 68 45,135 46,791 91,926 14,315 921 71 48,160 50,019 98,179
18 DUMBARTON 5,893 359 69 25,387 26,647 52,034 8,043 462 63 28,817 30,022 58,839
19 ARGYLL 13,923 633 113 38,928 40,796 79,724 14,367 848 83 36,898 38,737 75,635
20 BUTE 2,322 82 26 7,208 9,123 16,331 2,434 161 29 7,624 9,353 16,977
                           
VI. SOUTH WESTERN.                        
21 RENFREW 11,934 267 131 83,457 94,104 177,561 13,606 508 175 103,612 113,307 216,919
22 AYR 25,727 878 224 96,994 101,977 198,971 27,132 1,776 143 98,110 102,635 200,745
23 LANARK 46,675 1,787 496 304,151 327,415 631,566 49,080 2,320 598 377,739 387,540 765,279
                           
VII. SOUTH EASTERN.                        
24 LINLITHGOW 5,392 166 37 19,868 18,777 38,645 6,507 672 30 21,074 20,117 41,191
25 EDINBURGH 24,162 802 308 126,390 147,607 273,997 28,437 1,871 482 153,821 174,514 328,335
26 HADDINGTON 6,802 429 46 17,854 19,780 37,634 7,322 684 57 18,060 19,710 37,770
27 BERWICK 6,385 303 57 17,423 19,190 36,613 6,534 428 24 17,406 19,068 36,474
28 PEBBLES 1,982 102 23 5,658 5,750 11,408 2,246 174 15 5,946 6,368 12,314
29 SELKIRK 1,468 36 9 5,097 5,352 10,449 1,752 68 19 6,730 7,271 14,001
                           
VIII. SOUTHERN                        
30 ROXBURGH 7,757 221 77 26,782 27,337 54,119 7,869 368 59 25,703 28,262 53,965
31 DUMFRIES 13,192 373 93 35,674 40,204 75,878 13,833 810 77 34,782 40,012 74,794
32 KIRKCUDBRIGHT 7,326 233 66 19,789 22,706 42,495 7,705 491 47 19,479 22,373 41,852
33 WIGT0WN 6,868 166 40 19,395 22,700 42,095 6,930 390 29 17,833 20,962 38,795

* By Act 33 and 34 Vict. cap. 16, the whole of Abernethy and of Duthil were removed from the Civil County of Elgin and added to that of Inverness; while Cromdale was removed from Inverness and added to the Civil County of Elgin. The correction is made for 1861 in the above Table.