1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Bristol Inc/RegD St James SubD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 31 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 14 Show data context -
  Police 7 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 2 Show data context -
  Other Local or County Official 2 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 8 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 2 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 5 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 87 Show data context 70 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 1 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 3 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 4 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 7 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 5 Show data context -
  Dentist 2 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 3 Show data context -
  Subordinate Medical Service 2 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 5 Show data context 42 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 3 Show data context 4 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching - 1 Show data context
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 1 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 1 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 2 Show data context -
  Engraver (artist) 1 Show data context -
  Sculptor - 1 Show data context
  Musician, Music Master 36 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Photographer 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Actor 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 1 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 34 Show data context 749 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 1 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 2 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 9 Show data context 409 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 15 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Charwoman - 136 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service - 117 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 4 Show data context 64 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 122 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Broker, Agent, Factor 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 1 Show data context -
  Accountant 15 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 16 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 77 Show data context -
  Bank Service 2 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 4 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 221 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 6 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 1 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 18 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 16 Show data context -
  Tramway Companies' Service 4 Show data context -
  Wheel Chair Proprietor, Attendant &c. 2 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 1 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 1 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 22 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 42 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 5 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 98 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 1 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 17 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 8 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 7 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 24 Show data context -
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 17 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 4 Show data context -
  Drover 2 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 48 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 6 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 5 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Printer 31 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 4 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 51 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 12 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 5 Show data context -
  Saw Maker 4 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 12 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 3 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Surgical Instrument Maker 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 2 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Toy Maker, Dealer - 3 Show data context
  Apparatus for other games, Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 401 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Builder 5 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 70 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Bricklayer 10 Show data context -
  Mason 109 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 6 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 3 Show data context -
  Plumber 17 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Painter, Glazier 78 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 43 Show data context 9 Show data context
  French Polisher 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 10 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Gas Fitter 10 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 1 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 2 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Dealer in Works of Art 1 Show data context -
  Figure, Image - Maker, Dealer 10 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 25 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coachmaker 10 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 1 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 4 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 10 Show data context 2 Show data context
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 10 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 6 Show data context -
  Mast, Yard, Oar, Block Maker 1 Show data context -
  Ship Rigger, Chandler, Fitter 2 Show data context -
  Sail Maker 1 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 8 Show data context -
  Ink, Blacking, Colour Substance Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Fusee, Fireworks, Explosive Article Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 6 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Tobacco Pipe, Snuff Box &c. Maker 2 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 211 Show data context 54 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 39 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 1 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Maltster 3 Show data context -
  Brewer 9 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cellarman 7 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 2 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 6 Show data context -
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 1 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 20 Show data context -
  Provision Curer, Dealer 15 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Corn Miller 1 Show data context -
  Baker 31 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 11 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 5 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 3 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 37 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 40 Show data context 61 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Mat Maker, Seller 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Net Maker - 1 Show data context
  Weaver (undefined) - 1 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 2 Show data context -
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 30 Show data context 53 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 352 Show data context 616 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 8 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Tailor 72 Show data context 169 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 2 Show data context 202 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 91 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Glover, Glove Maker - 1 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 252 Show data context 124 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 12 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 15 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Glue, Size, Gelatine, Isinglass - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner - 1 Show data context
  Currier 6 Show data context -
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Hair, Bristle - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 56 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Floor Cloth, Oil Cloth Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Japanner 1 Show data context -
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 6 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 11 Show data context -
  Sawyer 4 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 5 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 8 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 3 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 6 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker - 9 Show data context
  Ticket, Label Writer 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Others 4 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 122 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Coal Miner 7 Show data context -
  [Haulier] [not in Census Report but in codebook] 18 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant - 1 Show data context
  Coalheaver 1 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 5 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Well Sinker, Borer 1 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Paviour 1 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 2 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 5 Show data context -
  Glass Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 1 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 11 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 7 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 25 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 4 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 6 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 2 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 4 Show data context -
  White Metal, Plated Ware, Manufacture. Pewterer 3 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 1 Show data context -
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 244 Show data context 50 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 9 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 14 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 12 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  General Labourer 195 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 7 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 3 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) - 3 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 6 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 5 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 1 Show data context 6 Show data context
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 27 Show data context 278 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 27 Show data context 278 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 9 Show data context 892 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 5 Show data context 891 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)