1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List West Ham PLU/RegD Walthamstow SubD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 149 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 45 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 27 Show data context -
  Police 64 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 3 Show data context -
  East Indian and Colonial Service 1 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 15 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 1 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 1 Show data context -
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 3 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 2 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 278 Show data context 290 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 12 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 1 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 10 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Nun, Sister of Charity - 1 Show data context
  Theological Student 1 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 4 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 29 Show data context -
  Law Student 4 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 60 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 13 Show data context -
  Dentist 3 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 10 Show data context -
  Subordinate Medical Service 1 Show data context 77 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 38 Show data context 102 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 4 Show data context 74 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 6 Show data context -
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 2 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 1 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Civil Engineer 12 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 6 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 14 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Engraver (artist) 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Sculptor 1 Show data context -
  Architect 12 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 9 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Art Student 5 Show data context -
  Photographer 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Actor - 1 Show data context
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 1 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 2 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 271 Show data context 1,981 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 39 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 99 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 81 Show data context 1,681 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 37 Show data context 23 Show data context
  College, Club Service 2 Show data context -
  Office Keeper (not Government) 2 Show data context -
  Cook (not domestic) 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Charwoman - 52 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 8 Show data context 219 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service - 3 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 896 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Merchant 28 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Broker, Agent, Factor 74 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 13 Show data context -
  Accountant 31 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 3 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 73 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 556 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Officer of Commercial Company, Guild, Society &c. 2 Show data context -
  Banker 2 Show data context -
  Bank Service 63 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent 2 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 49 Show data context 1 Show data context
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 604 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 9 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 20 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 2 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 125 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 9 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 89 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 134 Show data context -
  Tramway Companies' Service 1 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 8 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 7 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 21 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 4 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 17 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 61 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 93 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 2 Show data context 4 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 512 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 24 Show data context -
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 11 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 10 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 120 Show data context -
  Others engaged in, or connected with agriculture 2 Show data context -
  Woodman 3 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 44 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 298 Show data context 2 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 90 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 69 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 9 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 2 Show data context -
  Drover 1 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 2 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Vermin Destroyer 1 Show data context -
  Knacker, Catsmeat Dealer &c &c. 3 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 128 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 19 Show data context -
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 16 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Printer 72 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 5 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 13 Show data context -
  Copper Plate and Steel Plate Printer 1 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 104 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Millwright 1 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 20 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 1 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 4 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 20 Show data context -
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 10 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 5 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 3 Show data context -
  Surgical Instrument Maker 2 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 1 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 10 Show data context -
  Type Cutter, Founder 2 Show data context -
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker 1 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Fishing Rod, Tackle, Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Apparatus for other games, Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 1,260 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Builder 88 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 395 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Bricklayer 271 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Mason 51 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 3 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 57 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Paperhanger 3 Show data context -
  Plumber 49 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 138 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 137 Show data context 4 Show data context
  French Polisher 20 Show data context -
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 3 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 14 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 4 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 8 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 9 Show data context -
  Dealer in Works of Art 1 Show data context -
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 1 Show data context -
  Artificial Flower Maker 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 77 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 29 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 1 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 16 Show data context -
  Bicycle, Tricycle - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 29 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 1 Show data context -
  Mast, Yard, Oar, Block Maker 4 Show data context -
  Ship Rigger, Chandler, Fitter 1 Show data context -
  Sail Maker 2 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 41 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Ink, Blacking, Colour Substance Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Gunpowder, Guncotton, Explosive Substance Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Fusee, Fireworks, Explosive Article Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 25 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 8 Show data context -
  Drysalter 1 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 23 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 21 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tobacco Pipe, Snuff Box &c. Maker 2 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 548 Show data context 63 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 40 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 1 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 10 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Hop - Merchant, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brewer 19 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 20 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Cellarman 7 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 13 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 30 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 92 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 10 Show data context -
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 29 Show data context -
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 11 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Baker 90 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 9 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 34 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 4 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 105 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 6 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 115 Show data context 65 Show data context
  Woolstapler 1 Show data context -
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 12 Show data context -
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Silk Dyer, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Ribbon Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Crepe, Gauze Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Silk Merchant, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Cotton, Calico - Printer, Dyer, Bleacher 1 Show data context -
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Hemp, Jute, Cocoa Fibre Manufacture 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Others working and Dealing in Hemp 1 Show data context -
  Weaver (undefined) - 1 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Felt Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Manchester Warehouseman 3 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 55 Show data context 42 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer - 3 Show data context
  Trimming Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Embroiderer - 4 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 228 Show data context 360 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 4 Show data context -
  Tailor 60 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 8 Show data context 280 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 7 Show data context 41 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 14 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Glover, Glove Maker 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Button Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 107 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 12 Show data context -
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 52 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Soap Boiler, Maker 2 Show data context -
  Manure Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Bone, Horn, Ivory, Tortoise-shell - Worker, Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Comb Maker 1 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 6 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Currier 13 Show data context -
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Hair, Bristle - Worker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Brush, Broom, Maker 11 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer 3 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 160 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Oil and Colourman 20 Show data context -
  Floor Cloth, Oil Cloth Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Waterproof Goods - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 5 Show data context -
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 17 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Sawyer 15 Show data context -
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 2 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 18 Show data context -
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Envelope Maker - 2 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 29 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Card, Pattern Card Maker 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paper Stainer 3 Show data context -
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 5 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Ticket, Label Writer 3 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 282 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 1 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 12 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 11 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 6 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Well Sinker, Borer 1 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 46 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 1 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 4 Show data context -
  Platelayer 9 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 19 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 5 Show data context -
  Glass Manufacture 10 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 7 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 6 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 13 Show data context -
  Gold, Silver, Beater 2 Show data context -
  Others 2 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Blacksmith 41 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Anchor, Chain Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 18 Show data context -
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 2 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 9 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Zinc, Zinc Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 14 Show data context -
  White Metal, Plated Ware, Manufacture. Pewterer 2 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer - 1 Show data context
  Lamp, Lantern, Candlestick Maker 4 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 885 Show data context 85 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 30 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 3 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 11 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 15 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 9 Show data context -
  General Labourer 715 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 20 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 53 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 17 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 11 Show data context -
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 1 Show data context 19 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 10 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 8 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 2 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 254 Show data context 565 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 254 Show data context 565 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 236 Show data context 4,993 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 8 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 228 Show data context 4,991 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)