1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Cardiff PLU/RegD Roath AP/CP  
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 115 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 58 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 9 Show data context -
  Prison Service, &c. 7 Show data context -
  Police 31 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 6 Show data context -
  Other Local or County Official 4 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 15 Show data context -
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 1 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 6 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 1 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 4 Show data context -
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 1 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 1 Show data context -
  Royal Marines (officers/men) 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 131 Show data context 149 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 9 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 9 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Theological Student 2 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant - 3 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 7 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 20 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 4 Show data context -
  Dentist 1 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 3 Show data context -
  Midwife - 3 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service - 42 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 19 Show data context 82 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 2 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 2 Show data context -
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 1 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 1 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 16 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 4 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 1 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 1 Show data context -
  Sculptor 1 Show data context -
  Architect 7 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 7 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Photographer 6 Show data context -
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 1 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 2 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 36 Show data context 1,110 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 4 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 4 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 16 Show data context 870 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 2 Show data context -
  Inn, Hotel Servant 7 Show data context 14 Show data context
  College, Club Service 1 Show data context -
  Office Keeper (not Government) - 1 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) - 2 Show data context
  Charwoman - 42 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 1 Show data context 180 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service - 1 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 1 Show data context -
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 414 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Merchant 1 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 51 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 9 Show data context -
  Accountant 50 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 1 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 43 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 214 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Officer of Commercial Company, Guild, Society &c. 3 Show data context -
  Bank Service 15 Show data context -
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent 2 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 25 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 893 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 87 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 65 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 7 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 211 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 11 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 50 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 26 Show data context -
  Tramway Companies' Service 11 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 5 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 13 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 160 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Pilot 7 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 153 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 10 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Meter, Weigher 10 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 47 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 8 Show data context 3 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 102 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 1 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 5 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 29 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Shepherd 1 Show data context -
  Woodman 2 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 2 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 55 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 31 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 18 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 1 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 2 Show data context -
  Drover 6 Show data context -
  Fisherman 4 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 71 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 9 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Bookbinder 8 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Printer 48 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 4 Show data context -
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 2 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 315 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 44 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 155 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 87 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Saw Maker 1 Show data context -
  Pin Maker 2 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 10 Show data context -
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 3 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 8 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 2 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Apparatus for other games, Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 1,058 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Builder 30 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 358 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 25 Show data context -
  Mason 349 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 82 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 1 Show data context -
  Plumber 24 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 128 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 33 Show data context 3 Show data context
  French Polisher 7 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gas Fitter 11 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 1 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 1 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 2 Show data context -
  Dealer in Works of Art 2 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 100 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 27 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 21 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 20 Show data context -
  Others 20 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 12 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 198 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 32 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 123 Show data context -
  Mast, Yard, Oar, Block Maker 3 Show data context -
  Ship Rigger, Chandler, Fitter 28 Show data context -
  Sail Maker 12 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 26 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 4 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manufacturing Chemist 9 Show data context -
  Alkali Manufacture 1 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 322 Show data context 59 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 22 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper - 3 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Maltster 1 Show data context -
  Brewer 6 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Cellarman 5 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 4 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 18 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 2 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 57 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn Miller 10 Show data context -
  Baker 67 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 4 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 15 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 76 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 53 Show data context 29 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer - 5 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Mat Maker, Seller 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 3 Show data context -
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 36 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Others 2 Show data context -
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 127 Show data context 469 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Tailor 46 Show data context 28 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker - 383 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 49 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher - 2 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 68 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 8 Show data context -
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 5 Show data context -
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Currier 1 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 3 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 106 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Oil and Colourman 1 Show data context -
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 18 Show data context -
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Thatcher 1 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 13 Show data context -
  Sawyer 39 Show data context -
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 6 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 8 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paper Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer 6 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker - 2 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 794 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Coal Miner 57 Show data context -
  Copper Miner 1 Show data context -
  Mine Service 12 Show data context -
  [Haulier] [not in Census Report but in codebook] 45 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 48 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 197 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 7 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 1 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Slate Quarrier 1 Show data context -
  Slate Worker, Dealer 9 Show data context -
  Limeburner 1 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 27 Show data context -
  Paviour 1 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 6 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 4 Show data context -
  Platelayer 31 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 27 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 5 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 2 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 3 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 37 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 149 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 15 Show data context -
  Copper, Copper Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 61 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 6 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 13 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 10 Show data context -
  White Metal, Plated Ware, Manufacture. Pewterer 1 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 3 Show data context -
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 3 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 1,077 Show data context 37 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 13 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 9 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 14 Show data context -
  Contractor (undefined) 4 Show data context -
  General Labourer 825 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 100 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 52 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 4 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 43 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 7 Show data context 10 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 9 Show data context -
  Town Drainage Service 1 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 6 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 1 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 84 Show data context 696 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 84 Show data context 696 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 117 Show data context 3,845 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 6 Show data context 3 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 111 Show data context 3,842 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)