1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Halifax PLU/RegD Ovenden Tn/CP  
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 19 Show data context -
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 4 Show data context -
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 2 Show data context -
  Police 10 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 2 Show data context -
  Other Local or County Official 1 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 3 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 1 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 2 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 36 Show data context 31 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 5 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 3 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 1 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 1 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 5 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 2 Show data context -
  Subordinate Medical Service - 4 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 15 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer - 1 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 1 Show data context -
  Architect 1 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 1 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 16 Show data context 370 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 5 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 1 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 5 Show data context 334 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context -
  Inn, Hotel Servant 3 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context -
  Charwoman - 19 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service - 12 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 55 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Broker, Agent, Factor 3 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 4 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 42 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bank Service 2 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 4 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 175 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 1 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 12 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 1 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 5 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 113 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 27 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 2 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 254 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 137 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 24 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 79 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Shepherd 1 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 12 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 5 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 5 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 21 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bookbinder 2 Show data context -
  Printer 17 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 188 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 25 Show data context -
  Millwright 1 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 23 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 12 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 100 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Tool Maker, Dealer 18 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 2 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 4 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 262 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Builder 1 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 80 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bricklayer 2 Show data context -
  Mason 104 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 8 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 20 Show data context -
  Plumber 11 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 16 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 15 Show data context 2 Show data context
  French Polisher 2 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 1 Show data context -
  Figure, Image - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 31 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 21 Show data context -
  Others 6 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 4 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 1 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 1 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 16 Show data context -
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 13 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 2 Show data context -
  Drysalter 1 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 189 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 16 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Brewer 58 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cellarman 1 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 15 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 21 Show data context -
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 1 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 3 Show data context -
  Baker 9 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook - 2 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 18 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 35 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 2 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 1,285 Show data context 1,534 Show data context
  Woolstapler 5 Show data context -
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 169 Show data context 264 Show data context
  Wool, Woollen goods - Dyer, Printer 2 Show data context -
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture 449 Show data context 893 Show data context
  Blanket Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Fuller 10 Show data context -
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 10 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 6 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 214 Show data context 214 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Printer, Dyer, Bleacher 23 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Warehouseman, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer 9 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Hemp, Jute, Cocoa Fibre Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Weaver (undefined) 9 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 148 Show data context -
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 62 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 148 Show data context 90 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Others 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 97 Show data context 128 Show data context
  Tailor 26 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker - 115 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 4 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 35 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 33 Show data context -
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 2 Show data context -
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 18 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Glue, Size, Gelatine, Isinglass - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 4 Show data context -
  Currier 2 Show data context -
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 14 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Floor Cloth, Oil Cloth Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Sawyer 3 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 4 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 2 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer 1 Show data context -
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 510 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Coal Miner 24 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coalheaver 2 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 4 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 153 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 31 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Paviour 2 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 1 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 8 Show data context -
  Platelayer 3 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 19 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Waterworks Service 2 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 66 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 41 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 4 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 1 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 9 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 113 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 1 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 288 Show data context 59 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 6 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 8 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 13 Show data context -
  Contractor (undefined) 2 Show data context -
  General Labourer 105 Show data context -
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 55 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 67 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 4 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 24 Show data context 38 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 1 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 38 Show data context 446 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 38 Show data context 446 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 23 Show data context 1,258 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 2 Show data context -
  [Blank field, or illegible] 21 Show data context 1,258 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)