1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Burnley PLU/RegD Habergham Eaves CP/Tn  
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 50 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 12 Show data context -
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 8 Show data context -
  Police 11 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 16 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 3 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 183 Show data context -
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 8 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 136 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 29 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 8 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 1 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 160 Show data context 105 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 7 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 1 Show data context -
  Theological Student 2 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 5 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 13 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 6 Show data context -
  Dentist 1 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 4 Show data context -
  Midwife - 2 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 3 Show data context 35 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 43 Show data context 54 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 4 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 2 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 1 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 5 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 1 Show data context -
  Architect 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Musician, Music Master 21 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Photographer 9 Show data context -
  Actor 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 1 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 48 Show data context 1,262 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 10 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 7 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 18 Show data context 1,151 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context -
  Inn, Hotel Servant 7 Show data context 7 Show data context
  College, Club Service 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Charwoman 1 Show data context 53 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 1 Show data context 48 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service - 1 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 239 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Broker, Agent, Factor 24 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 8 Show data context -
  Accountant 4 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 23 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 135 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Bank Service 9 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 36 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 357 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 12 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 4 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 13 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 62 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 19 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 173 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Tramway Companies' Service 1 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 9 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 28 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 7 Show data context -
  Boatman on Seas 1 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 1 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 14 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 11 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 2 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 167 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 44 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 12 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 78 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Woodman 1 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 32 Show data context 1 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 16 Show data context -
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 11 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 1 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 1 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 2 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 52 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 9 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Printer 31 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 7 Show data context -
  Copper Plate and Steel Plate Printer 1 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 347 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 57 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Millwright 14 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 54 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 20 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 178 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Domestic Machinery - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  File Maker 5 Show data context -
  Saw Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 7 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 5 Show data context -
  Surgical Instrument Maker 1 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Type Cutter, Founder 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 645 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Builder 11 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 185 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 16 Show data context -
  Mason 192 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 13 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 20 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 1 Show data context -
  Plumber 21 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Painter, Glazier 78 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 79 Show data context 3 Show data context
  French Polisher 4 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 1 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 9 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 3 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 5 Show data context -
  Dealer in Works of Art 2 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 42 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 9 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 1 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 28 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 3 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 4 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 4 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 21 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Chemist, Druggist 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manufacturing Chemist 3 Show data context -
  Drysalter 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 15 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Tobacco Pipe, Snuff Box &c. Maker 9 Show data context 2 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 448 Show data context 86 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 31 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 1 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 3 Show data context -
  Maltster 1 Show data context -
  Brewer 20 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 21 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cellarman 1 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 8 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 1 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 69 Show data context -
  Provision Curer, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 11 Show data context -
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 26 Show data context -
  Baker 41 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 16 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 22 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 161 Show data context 50 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 7 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 3,765 Show data context 5,150 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wool, Woollen goods - Dyer, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture - 3 Show data context
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 3,240 Show data context 4,955 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Printer, Dyer, Bleacher 23 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Warehouseman, Dealer 24 Show data context -
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer 15 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Tape Manufacturer, Dealer 48 Show data context -
  Thread Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Hemp, Jute, Cocoa Fibre Manufacture 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Others working and Dealing in Hemp - 1 Show data context
  Weaver (undefined) 120 Show data context 50 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 106 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 115 Show data context 40 Show data context
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 2 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 36 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Embroiderer - 1 Show data context
  Others 21 Show data context 21 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 190 Show data context 318 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Tailor 68 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 1 Show data context 257 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 30 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 1 Show data context -
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 58 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 46 Show data context -
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 12 Show data context -
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others 1 Show data context -
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 30 Show data context -
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 4 Show data context -
  Soap Boiler, Maker 1 Show data context -
  Comb Maker 1 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 9 Show data context -
  Currier 3 Show data context -
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 11 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 55 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 5 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Sawyer 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 1 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 3 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 4 Show data context -
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 17 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker - 5 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 1,900 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Coal Miner 1,040 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Copper Miner 4 Show data context -
  Lead Miner 1 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 2 Show data context -
  Mine Service 12 Show data context -
  [Haulier] [not in Census Report but in codebook] 1 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 21 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 10 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 98 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gas Works Service 36 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 34 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Well Sinker, Borer 1 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 84 Show data context -
  Paviour 7 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 1 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 5 Show data context -
  Platelayer 8 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 8 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 7 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Waterworks Service 1 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 305 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Steel Manufacture] 1 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 134 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 2 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 4 Show data context -
  Anchor, Chain Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 11 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 20 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 9 Show data context -
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 18 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 666 Show data context 40 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 14 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 22 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 26 Show data context -
  Contractor (undefined) 4 Show data context -
  General Labourer 372 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 136 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 70 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 3 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 13 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 5 Show data context 13 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 13 Show data context -
  Town Drainage Service 2 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 6 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 2 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 3 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 63 Show data context 1,804 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 63 Show data context 1,804 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 85 Show data context 1,626 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 71 Show data context 1,625 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)