1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Bolton PLU/RegD Farnworth Ch/CP  
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 37 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 5 Show data context -
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 4 Show data context -
  Police 13 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 13 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 2 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 7 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 2 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 1 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 3 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 90 Show data context 46 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 3 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 2 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 4 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 1 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 2 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 2 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 3 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 2 Show data context -
  Dentist 3 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 1 Show data context -
  Midwife - 1 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 27 Show data context 35 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer - 5 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 2 Show data context -
  Author, Editor, Journalist 2 Show data context -
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 1 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 3 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 2 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 4 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 1 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 2 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Photographer 3 Show data context -
  Actor 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 4 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 1 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 51 Show data context 617 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 12 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 19 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 5 Show data context 501 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 8 Show data context 8 Show data context
  College, Club Service 3 Show data context -
  Office Keeper (not Government) - 1 Show data context
  Charwoman 2 Show data context 43 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service - 62 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service - 1 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 1 Show data context -
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 130 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Broker, Agent, Factor 15 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 4 Show data context -
  Accountant 1 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 1 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 5 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 80 Show data context -
  Officer of Commercial Company, Guild, Society &c. 1 Show data context -
  Bank Service 6 Show data context -
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent 1 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 354 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 54 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 5 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 12 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 91 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 2 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 3 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 146 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 9 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Meter, Weigher 1 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 14 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 5 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 94 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 25 Show data context -
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 9 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 60 Show data context 14 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 12 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 9 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 3 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 18 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 2 Show data context -
  Printer 13 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 1 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 176 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 13 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Millwright 11 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 20 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 3 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 119 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 2 Show data context -
  File Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 4 Show data context -
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 1 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 370 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Builder 3 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 92 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 90 Show data context -
  Mason 37 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 22 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 17 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 3 Show data context -
  Plumber 22 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 65 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 7 Show data context -
  French Polisher 1 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 4 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carver, Gilder 1 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 26 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 2 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 21 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 2 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 3 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 3 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 60 Show data context -
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 10 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 43 Show data context -
  Alkali Manufacture 6 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 299 Show data context 85 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper - 12 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Brewer 11 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 28 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cellarman 1 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 62 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 13 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Fishmonger 5 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 3 Show data context -
  Baker 17 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 11 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 18 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 2 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 101 Show data context 29 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Others Dealing in Food - 2 Show data context
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 1,176 Show data context 2,758 Show data context
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture - 5 Show data context
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture - 3 Show data context
  Silk Merchant, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 936 Show data context 2,527 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Printer, Dyer, Bleacher 93 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Warehouseman, Dealer 18 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Fustian Manufacturer, Dealer 8 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Others working and Dealing in Hemp 1 Show data context -
  Weaver (undefined) 1 Show data context 42 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 4 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 29 Show data context 77 Show data context
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 19 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Others 60 Show data context 50 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 143 Show data context 136 Show data context
  Tailor 27 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker - 116 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 1 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 2 Show data context -
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 54 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 51 Show data context -
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 7 Show data context -
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others - 1 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 7 Show data context -
  Bone, Horn, Ivory, Tortoise-shell - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 1 Show data context -
  Currier 2 Show data context -
  Hair, Bristle - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 2 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 63 Show data context 13 Show data context
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Waterproof Goods - Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 4 Show data context -
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Sawyer 8 Show data context -
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 1 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 3 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 6 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 33 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 2 Show data context -
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 2 Show data context -
  Ticket, Label Writer - 1 Show data context
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 1,597 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Coal Miner 1,204 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Mine Service 5 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 13 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coalheaver 2 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 11 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 14 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 14 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Limeburner 1 Show data context -
  Well Sinker, Borer 2 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 27 Show data context -
  Paviour 11 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 4 Show data context -
  Platelayer 16 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 18 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 16 Show data context -
  Glass Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 2 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 4 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 115 Show data context -
  [Steel Manufacture] 2 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 73 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 7 Show data context -
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Copper, Copper Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 20 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 7 Show data context -
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 2 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 599 Show data context 62 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 13 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 13 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 3 Show data context -
  Contractor (undefined) 3 Show data context -
  General Labourer 388 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 111 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 46 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 18 Show data context 19 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 1 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 79 Show data context 413 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 79 Show data context 413 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 20 Show data context 2,138 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 5 Show data context 4 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 15 Show data context 2,134 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)