1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Cosford PLU/RegD Hadleigh CP/AP  
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 9 Show data context -
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 2 Show data context -
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 3 Show data context -
  Police 2 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 2 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 3 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 1 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 1 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 26 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 2 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 3 Show data context -
  Theological Student 1 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 4 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 9 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 1 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 1 Show data context -
  Subordinate Medical Service 1 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 4 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer - 5 Show data context
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. - 1 Show data context
  Musician, Music Master - 1 Show data context
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 17 Show data context 206 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 6 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 5 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 3 Show data context 173 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Charwoman - 10 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 1 Show data context 21 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 18 Show data context -
  Merchant 2 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 1 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 1 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 3 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 8 Show data context -
  Bank Service 3 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 30 Show data context -
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 2 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 1 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 9 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 3 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 7 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 8 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 209 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 1 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 5 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 175 Show data context -
  Shepherd 2 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 1 Show data context -
  Woodman 1 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 2 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 10 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 20 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 15 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 2 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 1 Show data context -
  Drover 1 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 6 Show data context -
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 2 Show data context -
  Printer 3 Show data context -
  Map and Print - Colourer, Seller 1 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 8 Show data context -
  Engine, Machine Maker 2 Show data context -
  Millwright 1 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 2 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 86 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Builder 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carpenter, Joiner 27 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 29 Show data context -
  Mason 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Plumber 5 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 4 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 16 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 10 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 2 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 4 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 4 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 4 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. - 1 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist - 1 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 117 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 11 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 1 Show data context -
  Maltster 36 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Brewer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 1 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Fishmonger 4 Show data context -
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 13 Show data context -
  Baker 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 18 Show data context 2 Show data context
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 64 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Hemp, Jute, Cocoa Fibre Manufacture - 2 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Mat Maker, Seller 49 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 9 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 38 Show data context 52 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Tailor 9 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker - 36 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 7 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 27 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 3 Show data context -
  Currier 3 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Sawyer 2 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 44 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coal Merchant 2 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 4 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 2 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Road Labourer 1 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 1 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 4 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 8 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 2 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 1 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 2 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 63 Show data context 2 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 6 Show data context -
  General Labourer 43 Show data context -
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 5 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 2 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 1 Show data context -
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 3 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 3 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 15 Show data context 49 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 15 Show data context 49 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 2 Show data context 538 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 2 Show data context 538 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)