1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Edmonton PLU/RegD Hampstead CP/AP/Ch/Vest  
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 295 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Peer, M.P., Privy Councillor (not otherwise described) 2 Show data context -
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 112 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 40 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Police 106 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 26 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 4 Show data context -
  East Indian and Colonial Service 5 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 67 Show data context 28 Show data context
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 30 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 2 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 9 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 12 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 9 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 3 Show data context -
  Royal Marines (officers/men) 1 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 1,147 Show data context 1,211 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 34 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Roman Catholic Priest 6 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 15 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 8 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Nun, Sister of Charity - 41 Show data context
  Theological Student 17 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 9 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 235 Show data context -
  Law Student 28 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 91 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 64 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Dentist 20 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Medical Student, Assistant 54 Show data context -
  Midwife - 2 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 6 Show data context 433 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 86 Show data context 265 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 33 Show data context 270 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 2 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 34 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 1 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 16 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 15 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 59 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 2 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 18 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Painter (artist) 112 Show data context 38 Show data context
  Engraver (artist) 12 Show data context -
  Sculptor 8 Show data context -
  Architect 60 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 38 Show data context 67 Show data context
  Art Student 37 Show data context 34 Show data context
  Photographer 8 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Actor 4 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 3 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 10 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 581 Show data context 7,886 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 188 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Domestic Gardener 65 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 221 Show data context 7,237 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 2 Show data context -
  Inn, Hotel Servant 82 Show data context 59 Show data context
  College, Club Service 1 Show data context -
  Office Keeper (not Government) 4 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Charwoman - 112 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 13 Show data context 433 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 3 Show data context 35 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 1,469 Show data context 51 Show data context
  Merchant 207 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 197 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 41 Show data context -
  Accountant 65 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 68 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Commercial Clerk 669 Show data context 39 Show data context
  Officer of Commercial Company, Guild, Society &c. 3 Show data context -
  Banker 15 Show data context -
  Bank Service 103 Show data context -
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent 7 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 93 Show data context 4 Show data context
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 894 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 13 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 5 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 3 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 142 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 28 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 326 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 145 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wheel Chair Proprietor, Attendant &c. 4 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 2 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 13 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 23 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 2 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 6 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 32 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 144 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 6 Show data context 5 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 318 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 1 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 2 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 37 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Others engaged in, or connected with agriculture 1 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 28 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 239 Show data context 2 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 165 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 116 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 33 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 2 Show data context -
  Drover 3 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 8 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 136 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 51 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 11 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Bookbinder 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Printer 51 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 6 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 165 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 37 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 23 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 2 Show data context -
  Domestic Machinery - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 4 Show data context -
  Saw Maker 1 Show data context -
  Steel Pen Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 21 Show data context -
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 3 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 11 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Surgical Instrument Maker 4 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 4 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 47 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker 3 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 1,390 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Builder 101 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carpenter, Joiner 406 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 316 Show data context -
  Mason 39 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 2 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 53 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paperhanger 8 Show data context -
  Plumber 99 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Painter, Glazier 201 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 82 Show data context 7 Show data context
  French Polisher 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 9 Show data context -
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 2 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 24 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 3 Show data context -
  Others 4 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 8 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Dealer in Works of Art 15 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Figure, Image - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Artificial Flower Maker 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 67 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Coachmaker 27 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 16 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 23 Show data context 1 Show data context
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 3 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 2 Show data context -
  Ship Rigger, Chandler, Fitter 1 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 91 Show data context -
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 7 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 66 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 15 Show data context -
  Drysalter 3 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 23 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 23 Show data context 3 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 836 Show data context 119 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 50 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 8 Show data context 56 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 17 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Hop - Merchant, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Maltster 3 Show data context -
  Brewer 22 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Cellarman 16 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 56 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 89 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 47 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 122 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 18 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 10 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 26 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 36 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 4 Show data context -
  Baker 111 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 17 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 63 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Sugar Refiner 5 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 101 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 175 Show data context 102 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Flannel Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 16 Show data context -
  Others - 1 Show data context
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Crepe, Gauze Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Silk Merchant, Dealer 17 Show data context -
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 4 Show data context -
  Cotton, Calico - Printer, Dyer, Bleacher 2 Show data context -
  Cotton, Calico - Warehouseman, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Hemp, Jute, Cocoa Fibre Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Canvas, Sailcloth Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 5 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Manchester Warehouseman 6 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 91 Show data context 67 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 6 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Trimming Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Embroiderer - 11 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 260 Show data context 516 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Tailor 93 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 11 Show data context 416 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 66 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 13 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Glover, Glove Maker 3 Show data context -
  Button Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 117 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 14 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others - 1 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 42 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Soap Boiler, Maker 3 Show data context -
  Others 4 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 6 Show data context -
  Currier 14 Show data context -
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Hair, Bristle - Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 124 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Oil and Colourman 26 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Floor Cloth, Oil Cloth Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 13 Show data context -
  Sawyer 6 Show data context -
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 6 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 7 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 6 Show data context -
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 4 Show data context -
  Envelope Maker - 1 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 37 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Card, Pattern Card Maker 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paper Stainer - 3 Show data context
  Others 2 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 426 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Coal Miner 2 Show data context -
  Mine Service 3 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 14 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 19 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 16 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 25 Show data context -
  Paviour 3 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 2 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 7 Show data context -
  Railway Contractor 4 Show data context -
  Platelayer 26 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 30 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Glass Manufacture 16 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 19 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 55 Show data context -
  Gold, Silver, Beater 1 Show data context -
  Others 3 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 25 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 35 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 12 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 52 Show data context -
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 2 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Zinc, Zinc Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 13 Show data context 1 Show data context
  White Metal, Plated Ware, Manufacture. Pewterer 1 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 1 Show data context -
  Bolt, Nut, Rivet, Screw, Staple Maker 1 Show data context -
  Lamp, Lantern, Candlestick Maker 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 589 Show data context 93 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 35 Show data context 35 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 5 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 6 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 17 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 15 Show data context -
  General Labourer 456 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 25 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 21 Show data context 34 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 1 Show data context 9 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 28 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Town Drainage Service 3 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 21 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 2 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 2 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 551 Show data context 1,994 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 551 Show data context 1,994 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 250 Show data context 6,981 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 7 Show data context 4 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 243 Show data context 6,977 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)