1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Hackney PLU/RegD Stoke Newington AP/CP/Vest  
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 212 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 88 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 51 Show data context -
  Police 56 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 12 Show data context -
  Other Local or County Official 4 Show data context -
  East Indian and Colonial Service 1 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 13 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 1 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 3 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 1 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 3 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 440 Show data context 317 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 17 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 2 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 12 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Theological Student 2 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 34 Show data context -
  Law Student 1 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 127 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 19 Show data context -
  Dentist 7 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 15 Show data context -
  Subordinate Medical Service 2 Show data context 82 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 49 Show data context 105 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 13 Show data context 79 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 12 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 14 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 2 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Civil Engineer 14 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 1 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 8 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 9 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Engraver (artist) 10 Show data context -
  Architect 26 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 12 Show data context 37 Show data context
  Art Student 5 Show data context -
  Photographer 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Actor 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 1 Show data context -
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 1 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 3 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 190 Show data context 1,971 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 65 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 38 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 31 Show data context 1,806 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 41 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) 2 Show data context -
  Cook (not domestic) 3 Show data context -
  Charwoman - 36 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 4 Show data context 98 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 5 Show data context 6 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 1,347 Show data context 32 Show data context
  Merchant 40 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Broker, Agent, Factor 114 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 23 Show data context -
  Accountant 54 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 12 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 162 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Commercial Clerk 762 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Officer of Commercial Company, Guild, Society &c. 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Banker 2 Show data context -
  Bank Service 124 Show data context -
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent 1 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 49 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 390 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 2 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 1 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 50 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 10 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 45 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 64 Show data context -
  Tramway Companies' Service 17 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 1 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 5 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 2 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 14 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 1 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 12 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 89 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 66 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 11 Show data context 6 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 68 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 5 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Others engaged in, or connected with agriculture 1 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 14 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 44 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 42 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 30 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 9 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 2 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 188 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 28 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 24 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Printer 109 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 9 Show data context -
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 17 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 170 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 26 Show data context -
  Millwright 1 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 21 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 1 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 4 Show data context -
  Needle Maker 2 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 46 Show data context -
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 7 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 10 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 5 Show data context -
  Surgical Instrument Maker 4 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 1 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 26 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Type Cutter, Founder 3 Show data context -
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker 5 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Fishing Rod, Tackle, Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 775 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Builder 74 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carpenter, Joiner 237 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bricklayer 79 Show data context -
  Mason 34 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 1 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 30 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 11 Show data context -
  Plumber 42 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 98 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 92 Show data context 7 Show data context
  French Polisher 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 14 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gas Fitter 20 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 9 Show data context -
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 7 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 6 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 9 Show data context -
  Dealer in Works of Art 5 Show data context -
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 1 Show data context -
  Artificial Flower Maker 3 Show data context 12 Show data context
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 53 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coachmaker 14 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 12 Show data context -
  Bicycle, Tricycle - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 25 Show data context 2 Show data context
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 2 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 1 Show data context -
  Ship Rigger, Chandler, Fitter 1 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 51 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Ink, Blacking, Colour Substance Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Fusee, Fireworks, Explosive Article Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 34 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 11 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Drysalter 1 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 24 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 24 Show data context 5 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 453 Show data context 43 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 33 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper - 11 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 8 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Brewer 6 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cellarman 7 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 20 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 28 Show data context -
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 34 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 71 Show data context -
  Provision Curer, Dealer 18 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 17 Show data context -
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 21 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn Miller 3 Show data context -
  Baker 44 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 17 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 26 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Sugar Refiner 2 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 87 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 3 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 192 Show data context 93 Show data context
  Woolstapler - 2 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 12 Show data context -
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Ribbon Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Crepe, Gauze Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Silk Merchant, Dealer 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Warehouseman, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer 4 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Mat Maker, Seller 2 Show data context -
  Sacking, Sack, Bag - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 2 Show data context -
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 4 Show data context -
  Manchester Warehouseman 6 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 110 Show data context 58 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 21 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Trimming Maker, Dealer 6 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Embroiderer 2 Show data context 9 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 220 Show data context 456 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 4 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Tailor 70 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 16 Show data context 371 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 10 Show data context 40 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture 5 Show data context -
  Hosier, Haberdasher 20 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Glover, Glove Maker 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 58 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 15 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 16 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Accoutrement Maker - 1 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 73 Show data context 39 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 4 Show data context -
  Soap Boiler, Maker 1 Show data context -
  Glue, Size, Gelatine, Isinglass - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Bone, Horn, Ivory, Tortoise-shell - Worker, Dealer 12 Show data context -
  Others - 2 Show data context
  Furrier, Skinner 16 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Currier 12 Show data context -
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 6 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Hair, Bristle - Worker, Dealer 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Brush, Broom, Maker 12 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer 6 Show data context 11 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 125 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Oil and Colourman 18 Show data context -
  Floor Cloth, Oil Cloth Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 9 Show data context -
  Sawyer 1 Show data context -
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 2 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 3 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 7 Show data context -
  Cork, Bark - Cutter, Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paper Manufacture 8 Show data context -
  Envelope Maker - 2 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 49 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Paper Stainer 4 Show data context -
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 7 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Ticket, Label Writer 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 209 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Coal Miner 1 Show data context -
  Mine Service 2 Show data context -
  [Haulier] [not in Census Report but in codebook] - 1 Show data context
  Coal Merchant 3 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 4 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gas Works Service 5 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Plaster, Cement Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Paviour 1 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 3 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 4 Show data context -
  Glass Manufacture 5 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 9 Show data context -
  Salt Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Waterworks Service 11 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 70 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gold, Silver, Beater 2 Show data context -
  Others 5 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Blacksmith 15 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 5 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 22 Show data context -
  Copper, Copper Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Zinc, Zinc Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 7 Show data context -
  White Metal, Plated Ware, Manufacture. Pewterer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 2 Show data context -
  Lamp, Lantern, Candlestick Maker 2 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 209 Show data context 80 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 26 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 21 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 5 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 15 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  General Labourer 76 Show data context -
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 13 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 33 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 8 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 2 Show data context 34 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 2 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 1 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 145 Show data context 732 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 145 Show data context 732 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 78 Show data context 4,195 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 71 Show data context 4,194 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)