1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Gloucestershire RegC Wheatenhurst PLU/RegD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 16 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Prison Service, &c. 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Police 5 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 3 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 6 Show data context -
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 1 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 1 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 2 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 1 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 39 Show data context 53 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 10 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 2 Show data context -
  Theological Student 2 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 3 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 4 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 1 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 1 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 1 Show data context -
  Subordinate Medical Service 1 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 12 Show data context 28 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer - 13 Show data context
  Civil Engineer 1 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 96 Show data context 391 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 36 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 21 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 37 Show data context 313 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 2 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) - 2 Show data context
  Charwoman - 26 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service - 45 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent - 1 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 1 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bank Service 1 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 188 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 13 Show data context -
  Toll Collector, Turnpike Gate Keeper 1 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 6 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Inland Navigation Service 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 42 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 2 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 90 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 2 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 11 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 7 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 700 Show data context 70 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 114 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 75 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Farm Bailiff 9 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 449 Show data context 52 Show data context
  Shepherd 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Land Drainage Service (not in towns) 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 2 Show data context -
  Agricultural Student 2 Show data context -
  Others engaged in, or connected with agriculture 1 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 44 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 27 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 3 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 1 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 8 Show data context -
  Drover 4 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 7 Show data context -
  Fisherman 4 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 4 Show data context -
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 1 Show data context -
  Printer 2 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 1 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 8 Show data context -
  Millwright 5 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 2 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 118 Show data context -
  Builder 5 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 57 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 34 Show data context -
  Mason 9 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 1 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 2 Show data context -
  Plumber 3 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 4 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 3 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Wheelwright 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker - 1 Show data context
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 26 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 24 Show data context -
  Sail Maker 2 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 1 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 1 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 82 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 1 Show data context -
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Maltster 2 Show data context -
  Brewer 2 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 23 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 7 Show data context -
  Baker 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 1 Show data context -
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 3 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 12 Show data context 4 Show data context
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 105 Show data context 168 Show data context
  Woolstapler 2 Show data context -
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 88 Show data context 157 Show data context
  Wool, Woollen goods - Dyer, Printer 4 Show data context -
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Weaver (undefined) - 1 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 2 Show data context -
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 5 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 3 Show data context 4 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 31 Show data context 91 Show data context
  Tailor 2 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker - 67 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 12 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 29 Show data context 3 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 22 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Thatcher 5 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Sawyer 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 1 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 1 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer 1 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 79 Show data context -
  [Haulier] [not in Census Report but in codebook] 2 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 8 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 1 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 1 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 1 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 4 Show data context -
  Platelayer 20 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 7 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 1 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 28 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 1 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 104 Show data context 6 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 3 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 3 Show data context -
  Contractor (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  General Labourer 86 Show data context -
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 8 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 1 Show data context -
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 1 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 1 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 77 Show data context 362 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 77 Show data context 362 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 23 Show data context 867 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 23 Show data context 867 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)