1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Caernarvonshire RegC Pwllheli PLU/RegD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 38 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Police 10 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 10 Show data context -
  Other Local or County Official 5 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 2 Show data context -
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 1 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 147 Show data context 48 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 22 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 1 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 36 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 2 Show data context -
  Theological Student 2 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 4 Show data context -
  Law Student 1 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 9 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 9 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 5 Show data context -
  Midwife - 1 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service - 13 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 48 Show data context 27 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Civil Engineer 2 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 4 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) - 1 Show data context
  Musician, Music Master - 1 Show data context
  Photographer - 1 Show data context
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 130 Show data context 1,659 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 34 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 28 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 60 Show data context 1,534 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) - 1 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 7 Show data context 21 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) - 1 Show data context
  Charwoman - 51 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 1 Show data context 51 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 64 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Merchant 6 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Broker, Agent, Factor 2 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 4 Show data context -
  Accountant 3 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 1 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 8 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 17 Show data context -
  Banker 1 Show data context -
  Bank Service 12 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 10 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 407 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 5 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 2 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man - 1 Show data context
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 20 Show data context -
  Toll Collector, Turnpike Gate Keeper 1 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 4 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 19 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 53 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 5 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 1 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 282 Show data context -
  Pilot 1 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook - 1 Show data context
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 4 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 3 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 2,475 Show data context 207 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 721 Show data context 104 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 490 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 12 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 1,226 Show data context 102 Show data context
  Shepherd 3 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 11 Show data context -
  Woodman 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 8 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 3 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 90 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 13 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 1 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 10 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 27 Show data context -
  Vermin Destroyer 3 Show data context -
  Fisherman 36 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 12 Show data context -
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 3 Show data context -
  Printer 9 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 18 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Millwright 1 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 1 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 14 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 406 Show data context -
  Builder 7 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 183 Show data context -
  Bricklayer 1 Show data context -
  Mason 126 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 22 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 27 Show data context -
  Plumber 3 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 14 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 21 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 2 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 19 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 3 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 5 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 11 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 36 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 2 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 33 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Mast, Yard, Oar, Block Maker 1 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 11 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 11 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 153 Show data context 107 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 26 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 3 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper - 2 Show data context
  Brewer 2 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman - 2 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman - 4 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 33 Show data context -
  Provision Curer, Dealer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 7 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Corn Miller 25 Show data context -
  Baker 11 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook - 5 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer - 3 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 1 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 38 Show data context 47 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 94 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Woolstapler 1 Show data context -
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 22 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Fuller 3 Show data context -
  Net Maker 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Weaver (undefined) 6 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 61 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer - 6 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 211 Show data context 390 Show data context
  Tailor 91 Show data context -
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker - 374 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 12 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture - 3 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 111 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 8 Show data context -
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 1 Show data context -
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 6 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 5 Show data context -
  Currier 1 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 8 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 1 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Sawyer 5 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer 1 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 1,033 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Coal Miner 5 Show data context -
  Copper Miner 1 Show data context -
  Tin Miner 1 Show data context -
  Lead Miner 196 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Mine Service 7 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 14 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 1 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 420 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 18 Show data context -
  Slate Quarrier 11 Show data context -
  Slate Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Limeburner 1 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 2 Show data context -
  Platelayer 11 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 2 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 191 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller - 1 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 2 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 110 Show data context -
  Nail Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 9 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 387 Show data context 28 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 22 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 14 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  General Labourer 300 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 33 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 5 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 6 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 142 Show data context 2,923 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 142 Show data context 2,923 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 27 Show data context 1,132 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 8 Show data context -
  [Blank field, or illegible] 19 Show data context 1,132 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)