1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Cornwall RegC Redruth PLU/RegD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 66 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 14 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 15 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Prison Service, &c. 1 Show data context -
  Police 23 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 9 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 4 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 25 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Army Officer (effective/retired) - 1 Show data context
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Army Pensioner 1 Show data context -
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 1 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Royal Marines (officers/men) 1 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 8 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 244 Show data context 232 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 15 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 1 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 24 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 2 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Theological Student 1 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 4 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 10 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 18 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 15 Show data context -
  Dentist 1 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 10 Show data context -
  Subordinate Medical Service - 32 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 57 Show data context 154 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer - 26 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 2 Show data context -
  Author, Editor, Journalist 1 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 1 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 11 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 38 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 4 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 1 Show data context -
  Architect 2 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 5 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Art Student 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Photographer 12 Show data context -
  Actor 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 1 Show data context -
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 1 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 101 Show data context 2,519 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 25 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 24 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Domestic Indoor Servant 41 Show data context 2,122 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 9 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) 2 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) - 1 Show data context
  Charwoman - 286 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service - 82 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service - 3 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 210 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Merchant 12 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 26 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 6 Show data context -
  Accountant 41 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 1 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 22 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 66 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Banker 1 Show data context -
  Bank Service 19 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 16 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 384 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 7 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 5 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 50 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 34 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 122 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Navigation Service (on shore) 2 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 90 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Pilot 3 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 1 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 17 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 4 Show data context -
  Meter, Weigher 1 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 35 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 1,229 Show data context 207 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 389 Show data context 38 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 116 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 12 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 626 Show data context 157 Show data context
  Shepherd 4 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Student 1 Show data context -
  Woodman 5 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 69 Show data context 11 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 64 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 31 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 1 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 15 Show data context -
  Drover 1 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 12 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Vermin Destroyer 1 Show data context -
  Fisherman 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 50 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 12 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Bookbinder 1 Show data context -
  Printer 37 Show data context 1 Show data context
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 291 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 80 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Millwright 3 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 121 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 58 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 4 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 1 Show data context -
  Domestic Implement Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 17 Show data context -
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 3 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer - 2 Show data context
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 722 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Builder 16 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 243 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Mason 338 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 12 Show data context -
  Paperhanger - 2 Show data context
  Plumber 18 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 52 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 38 Show data context 5 Show data context
  French Polisher 2 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 3 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 72 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 9 Show data context -
  Railway Carriage, Railway Wagon, Maker 2 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 36 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 25 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 22 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 5 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 11 Show data context -
  Ship Rigger, Chandler, Fitter 1 Show data context -
  Sail Maker 5 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 44 Show data context 148 Show data context
  Gunpowder, Guncotton, Explosive Substance Manufacture 7 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Fusee, Fireworks, Explosive Article Manufacture 10 Show data context 140 Show data context
  Chemist, Druggist 21 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Alkali Manufacture 5 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. - 2 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist - 2 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 470 Show data context 300 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 53 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 2 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Maltster 4 Show data context -
  Brewer 16 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cellarman 3 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 3 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 83 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Fishmonger 16 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 3 Show data context -
  Baker 13 Show data context -
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 6 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 32 Show data context 41 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 3 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 212 Show data context 192 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 2 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 96 Show data context 264 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 1 Show data context 55 Show data context
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 2 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer - 7 Show data context
  Tape Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Hemp, Jute, Cocoa Fibre Manufacture 2 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 19 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 70 Show data context 141 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context 13 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 278 Show data context 1,322 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 3 Show data context
  Tailor 55 Show data context 288 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker - 887 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 80 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher - 1 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 202 Show data context 60 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 19 Show data context -
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 13 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Manure Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Tanner, Fellmonger 1 Show data context -
  Currier 5 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 91 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 8 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Sawyer 47 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 26 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 3 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 5,463 Show data context 1,284 Show data context
  Coal Miner 6 Show data context -
  Copper Miner 391 Show data context 47 Show data context
  Tin Miner 3,877 Show data context 1,005 Show data context
  Lead Miner 4 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 51 Show data context 73 Show data context
  Mine Service 67 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coal Merchant 30 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Coalheaver 63 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gas Works Service 8 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 5 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Slate Worker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Limeburner - 1 Show data context
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 12 Show data context -
  Road Contractor, Surveyor, Inspector 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Road Labourer 25 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Platelayer 18 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 63 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 8 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 10 Show data context -
  Lapidary 1 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 109 Show data context -
  [Steel Manufacture] 3 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 320 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Anchor, Chain Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 34 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Copper, Copper Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  [Coppersmith] 6 Show data context -
  [Tin Manufacture] 250 Show data context 116 Show data context
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 40 Show data context 25 Show data context
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 32 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 4 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 1 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 672 Show data context 163 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 20 Show data context 88 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 2 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 36 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 4 Show data context -
  Contractor (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  General Labourer 282 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 270 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 52 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 2 Show data context 19 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 3 Show data context 9 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 1 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer - 3 Show data context
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 148 Show data context 2,691 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 148 Show data context 2,691 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 91 Show data context 5,910 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 11 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 80 Show data context 5,908 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)