1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Middlesex RegC Staines PLU/RegD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 133 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 46 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 14 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Police 65 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 2 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 28 Show data context -
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 7 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 6 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 5 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 3 Show data context -
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 4 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 3 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 228 Show data context 213 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 17 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 2 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 6 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher - 4 Show data context
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 5 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 32 Show data context -
  Law Student 3 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 11 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 16 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 5 Show data context -
  Midwife - 1 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 2 Show data context 58 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 50 Show data context 97 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 10 Show data context 39 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 15 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 3 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 2 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 12 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 5 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 5 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Engraver (artist) 1 Show data context -
  Architect 4 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 15 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Art Student - 1 Show data context
  Photographer 4 Show data context -
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 1 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 281 Show data context 1,579 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 61 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 98 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Domestic Indoor Servant 91 Show data context 1,283 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) - 2 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 25 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) - 1 Show data context
  Charwoman - 44 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 4 Show data context 209 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 2 Show data context 26 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service - 2 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 202 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Merchant 15 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 29 Show data context -
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 18 Show data context -
  Accountant 10 Show data context -
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 3 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 11 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 95 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Banker 4 Show data context -
  Bank Service 12 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 5 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 280 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 1 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 1 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 3 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 74 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 1 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 73 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 80 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 2 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 10 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 1 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 7 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 4 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 22 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 1,701 Show data context 175 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 74 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 21 Show data context -
  Farm Bailiff 26 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 1,090 Show data context 89 Show data context
  Shepherd 7 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 12 Show data context -
  Agricultural Student 1 Show data context -
  Others engaged in, or connected with agriculture 6 Show data context -
  Woodman 1 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 18 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 445 Show data context 82 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 93 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 57 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 6 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 4 Show data context -
  Drover 1 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 7 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Fisherman 16 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 23 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Bookbinder 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Printer 11 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 3 Show data context -
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 1 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 53 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 11 Show data context -
  Millwright 5 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 16 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 2 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Type Cutter, Founder 5 Show data context -
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker 1 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 431 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Builder 25 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 134 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bricklayer 147 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Mason 10 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 13 Show data context -
  Plumber 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Painter, Glazier 75 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  French Polisher 1 Show data context -
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 1 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 5 Show data context -
  Dealer in Works of Art 1 Show data context -
  Artificial Flower Maker - 1 Show data context
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 79 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 24 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 41 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 14 Show data context -
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 20 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 19 Show data context -
  Shipwright, Ship Carpenter (ashore) 1 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 39 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Gunpowder, Guncotton, Explosive Substance Manufacture 30 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Chemist, Druggist 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manufacturing Chemist 2 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 5 Show data context -
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 5 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 494 Show data context 52 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 72 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 1 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 1 Show data context -
  Hop - Merchant, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Maltster 3 Show data context -
  Brewer 55 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 33 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Cellarman 1 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 10 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 49 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Fishmonger 18 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 8 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Corn Miller 13 Show data context -
  Baker 82 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 1 Show data context -
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 13 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer 9 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 96 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 6 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 45 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Woolstapler 1 Show data context -
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Silk Merchant, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer - 3 Show data context
  Mat Maker, Seller 9 Show data context -
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 2 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 27 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Embroiderer - 2 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 86 Show data context 214 Show data context
  Tailor 29 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 1 Show data context 168 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 38 Show data context
  Glover, Glove Maker - 1 Show data context
  Button Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 51 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 3 Show data context -
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others - 2 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 8 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 4 Show data context -
  Bone, Horn, Ivory, Tortoise-shell - Worker, Dealer - 3 Show data context
  Furrier, Skinner 1 Show data context -
  Currier 2 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 1 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 177 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Oil and Colourman 3 Show data context -
  Floor Cloth, Oil Cloth Manufacture 68 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 12 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 21 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Thatcher 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 9 Show data context -
  Sawyer 10 Show data context -
  Lath, Wooden Fence, Hurdle Maker 2 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 2 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 13 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 22 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Envelope Maker 1 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Paper Stainer 2 Show data context -
  Others 3 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 270 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 2 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 12 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gas Works Service 5 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 76 Show data context -
  Paviour 2 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 5 Show data context -
  Platelayer 20 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 19 Show data context -
  Glass Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Waterworks Service 1 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 1 Show data context -
  [Iron Manufacture] 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Blacksmith 64 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 8 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 12 Show data context -
  [Coppersmith] 2 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 13 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 799 Show data context 31 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 25 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 7 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 4 Show data context -
  Contractor (undefined) 2 Show data context -
  General Labourer 687 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 29 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 23 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 17 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 6 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 6 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 301 Show data context 870 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 301 Show data context 870 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 156 Show data context 2,994 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 153 Show data context 2,993 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)