1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Cheshire RegC Bucklow PLU/RegD
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 165 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 19 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 39 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Prison Service, &c. 20 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Police 51 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 24 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 12 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 28 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 7 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 6 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 7 Show data context -
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 1 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 1 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 567 Show data context 536 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 41 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 4 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 28 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 6 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Theological Student 3 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 13 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 75 Show data context -
  Law Student 6 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 52 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 35 Show data context -
  Dentist 9 Show data context -
  Medical Student, Assistant 9 Show data context -
  Midwife - 1 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 4 Show data context 103 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 95 Show data context 328 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 13 Show data context 51 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 5 Show data context -
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 1 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 2 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 1 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 34 Show data context -
  Mining Engineer 3 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 9 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 11 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Engraver (artist) 3 Show data context -
  Sculptor 1 Show data context -
  Architect 42 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 25 Show data context 30 Show data context
  Art Student 8 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Photographer 16 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 9 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 1,095 Show data context 5,591 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 260 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Domestic Gardener 624 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Domestic Indoor Servant 164 Show data context 4,806 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 32 Show data context 79 Show data context
  College, Club Service 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) 1 Show data context -
  Cook (not domestic) 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Charwoman - 250 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 4 Show data context 431 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 1 Show data context 8 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 1,066 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Merchant 166 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Broker, Agent, Factor 137 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 41 Show data context -
  Accountant 37 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 44 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 81 Show data context -
  Commercial Clerk 417 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Officer of Commercial Company, Guild, Society &c. 4 Show data context -
  Banker 5 Show data context -
  Bank Service 75 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 59 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 875 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 25 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 5 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 21 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 242 Show data context -
  Toll Collector, Turnpike Gate Keeper 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 15 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 118 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 157 Show data context -
  Tramway Companies' Service 1 Show data context -
  Inland Navigation Service 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 48 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Navigation Service (on shore) 6 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 57 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Ship Steward, Cook 3 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 70 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 85 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 6 Show data context 4 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 3,828 Show data context 281 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 693 Show data context 58 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 381 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Farm Bailiff 37 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 2,160 Show data context 190 Show data context
  Shepherd 6 Show data context -
  Land Drainage Service (not in towns) 4 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine - Proprietor, Attendant 3 Show data context -
  Agricultural Student 1 Show data context -
  Others engaged in, or connected with agriculture 3 Show data context -
  Woodman 16 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 41 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 483 Show data context 26 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 193 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 111 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 12 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 14 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 47 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 69 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 15 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 4 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 4 Show data context -
  Printer 29 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 9 Show data context -
  Map and Print - Colourer, Seller 1 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 137 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 41 Show data context -
  Millwright 4 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 19 Show data context -
  Boiler Maker 4 Show data context -
  Spinning and Weaving Machine Maker 11 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 6 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 1 Show data context -
  File Maker 3 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 35 Show data context -
  Weighing and Measuring Apparatus Maker 2 Show data context -
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 1 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Apparatus for other games, Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 1,721 Show data context 44 Show data context
  Builder 47 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 516 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Bricklayer 358 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Mason 127 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Slater, Tiler 36 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 80 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paperhanger 5 Show data context -
  Plumber 140 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Painter, Glazier 263 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Cabinet Maker 105 Show data context 26 Show data context
  French Polisher 15 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 2 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 7 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 2 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 5 Show data context -
  Dealer in Works of Art 2 Show data context -
  Figure, Image - Maker, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Artificial Flower Maker 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 201 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Coachmaker 21 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 135 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Bicycle, Tricycle - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 43 Show data context 1 Show data context
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 5 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 5 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 57 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 37 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Manufacturing Chemist 7 Show data context -
  Drysalter 10 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 5 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 5 Show data context 4 Show data context
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 874 Show data context 237 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 74 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 4 Show data context 48 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Brewer 26 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 33 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Cellarman 3 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 20 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 23 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 4 Show data context -
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 161 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 33 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Fishmonger 27 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 14 Show data context -
  Corn Miller 43 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Baker 77 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 11 Show data context 31 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 27 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 3 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 282 Show data context 71 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 2 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 897 Show data context 687 Show data context
  Woolstapler 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 7 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 27 Show data context 65 Show data context
  Ribbon Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Crepe, Gauze Manufacture 13 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Silk Merchant, Dealer 12 Show data context -
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 186 Show data context 130 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Printer, Dyer, Bleacher 61 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cotton, Calico - Warehouseman, Dealer 117 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Fustian Manufacturer, Dealer 297 Show data context 402 Show data context
  Hemp, Jute, Cocoa Fibre Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Mat Maker, Seller 2 Show data context -
  Net Maker 2 Show data context -
  Weaver (undefined) 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 2 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Manchester Warehouseman 25 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 97 Show data context 48 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 3 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Trimming Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Others 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 472 Show data context 872 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 10 Show data context -
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Tailor 179 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 6 Show data context 775 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 2 Show data context 73 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 5 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Glover, Glove Maker 2 Show data context -
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 240 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Patten, Clog Maker 9 Show data context -
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 17 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others - 2 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 71 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Soap Boiler, Maker 1 Show data context -
  Manure Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Bone, Horn, Ivory, Tortoise-shell - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Tanner, Fellmonger 39 Show data context -
  Currier 18 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Hair, Bristle - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brush, Broom, Maker 5 Show data context -
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer 2 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 182 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Oil and Colourman 1 Show data context -
  Floor Cloth, Oil Cloth Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 33 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 30 Show data context -
  Thatcher 1 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 11 Show data context -
  Sawyer 29 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 3 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 8 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 25 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 24 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Card, Pattern Card Maker 4 Show data context -
  Ticket, Label Writer 1 Show data context -
  Others 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 852 Show data context 17 Show data context
  Coal Miner 6 Show data context -
  Ironstone Miner 1 Show data context -
  Copper Miner 1 Show data context -
  Miner, in other or undefined Minerals 1 Show data context -
  Mine Service 3 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 48 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coalheaver 18 Show data context -
  Coke, Charcoal, Peat - Cutter, Burner, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 27 Show data context -
  Stone Quarrier 2 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Slate Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Limeburner 1 Show data context -
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Well Sinker, Borer 1 Show data context -
  Plaster, Cement Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 156 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Paviour 17 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 23 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Platelayer 86 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 45 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Glass Manufacture 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Salt Maker, Dealer 28 Show data context -
  Waterworks Service 5 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 14 Show data context 2 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 49 Show data context -
  [Steel Manufacture] 2 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 191 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Whitesmith 32 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 40 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Coppersmith] 4 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 23 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lead, Leaden Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 2 Show data context -
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 6 Show data context -
  Lamp, Lantern, Candlestick Maker - 1 Show data context
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 1,114 Show data context 117 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 39 Show data context 47 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 8 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 31 Show data context 29 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 27 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  General Labourer 895 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 22 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 55 Show data context 16 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 17 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 10 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) - 4 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 18 Show data context -
  Town Drainage Service 5 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 13 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 422 Show data context 2,711 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 422 Show data context 2,711 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 203 Show data context 7,756 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 10 Show data context 4 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 193 Show data context 7,752 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)