1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Westminster PLU/RegD Westminster St James CP/Vest  
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 366 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Peer, M.P., Privy Councillor (not otherwise described) 24 Show data context -
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 42 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 28 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Prison Service, &c. 1 Show data context -
  Police 208 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 18 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Other Local or County Official 30 Show data context -
  East Indian and Colonial Service 15 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 249 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 176 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 13 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 21 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 12 Show data context -
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 18 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 3 Show data context -
  Royal Marines (officers/men) 1 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 5 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 475 Show data context 199 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 24 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 2 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 1 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 5 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 4 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Barrister, Solicitor 129 Show data context -
  Law Student 24 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 25 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 41 Show data context -
  Dentist 17 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Medical Student, Assistant 11 Show data context -
  Midwife - 2 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 1 Show data context 69 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 12 Show data context 46 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 16 Show data context 26 Show data context
  School Service, and others connected with teaching 1 Show data context -
  Author, Editor, Journalist 12 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Reporter, Short-hand Writer 3 Show data context -
  Persons engaged in Scientific Pursuits 4 Show data context -
  Literary, Scientific, Institution, Service, &c. 5 Show data context -
  Civil Engineer 14 Show data context -
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 2 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 17 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Engraver (artist) 3 Show data context -
  Sculptor 4 Show data context -
  Architect 16 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 21 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Art Student 1 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Photographer 9 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Actor 16 Show data context 13 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 9 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Performer, Showman, Exhibition, Service 10 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Billiard, Cricket & other Games, Service 16 Show data context 1 Show data context
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 1,657 Show data context 3,659 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 124 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Domestic Gardener 1 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 638 Show data context 3,052 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) 3 Show data context -
  Inn, Hotel Servant 454 Show data context 199 Show data context
  College, Club Service 345 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Office Keeper (not Government) 12 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Cook (not domestic) 44 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Charwoman - 122 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 20 Show data context 246 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service 2 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Others engaged in Service 14 Show data context 2 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 614 Show data context 55 Show data context
  Merchant 77 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Broker, Agent, Factor 80 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 10 Show data context -
  Accountant 17 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Salesman, Buyer (not otherwise specified) 10 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Commercial Traveller 32 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Commercial Clerk 337 Show data context 36 Show data context
  Officer of Commercial Company, Guild, Society &c. 4 Show data context -
  Banker 17 Show data context -
  Bank Service 17 Show data context -
  Bill Discounter, Bill Broker, Finance Agent 5 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 8 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 982 Show data context 12 Show data context
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 24 Show data context -
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 3 Show data context -
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 89 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 141 Show data context -
  Wheel Chair Proprietor, Attendant &c. 1 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 1 Show data context -
  Navigation Service (on shore) 3 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 19 Show data context -
  Ship Steward, Cook 2 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 1 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 31 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 665 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 2 Show data context 4 Show data context
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 27 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Farm Bailiff 2 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 6 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Others engaged in, or connected with agriculture 3 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 3 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Gardener (not domestic) 5 Show data context -
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 100 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Horse Proprietor, Breeder, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 85 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 9 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 1 Show data context -
  Vermin Destroyer 1 Show data context -
  Fisherman 2 Show data context -
  Knacker, Catsmeat Dealer &c &c. 1 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 187 Show data context 29 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 28 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Music-Publisher, Seller, Printer 12 Show data context -
  Bookbinder 20 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Printer 98 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 11 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 10 Show data context -
  Copper Plate and Steel Plate Printer 4 Show data context -
  Map and Print - Colourer, Seller 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 158 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Engine, Machine Maker 15 Show data context -
  Fitter, Turner (Engine and Machine) 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Boiler Maker 1 Show data context -
  Agricultural Machine and Implement Maker 1 Show data context -
  Domestic Machinery - Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Tool Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  File Maker 1 Show data context -
  Saw Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 42 Show data context -
  Philosophical Instrument Maker 10 Show data context -
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 2 Show data context -
  Surgical Instrument Maker 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gunsmith, Gun Manufacturer 6 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 33 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Type Cutter, Founder 2 Show data context -
  Die, Seal, Coin, Medal Maker 14 Show data context -
  Toy Maker, Dealer - 3 Show data context
  Fishing Rod, Tackle, Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Apparatus for other games, Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 572 Show data context 49 Show data context
  Builder 19 Show data context -
  Carpenter, Joiner 105 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bricklayer 49 Show data context -
  Mason 2 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 1 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 12 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 4 Show data context -
  Plumber 31 Show data context -
  Painter, Glazier 122 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 64 Show data context 29 Show data context
  French Polisher 25 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Gas Fitter 41 Show data context -
  House and Shop Fittings - Maker, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Funeral Furniture Maker, Undertaker 7 Show data context -
  Wood Carver 6 Show data context -
  Carver, Gilder 42 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Dealer in Works of Art 20 Show data context -
  Figure, Image - Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Artificial Flower Maker 1 Show data context 13 Show data context
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 68 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Coachmaker 17 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 7 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 44 Show data context 2 Show data context
13. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN SHIPS AND BOATS. 1 Show data context -
  Ship, Boat, Barge Builder 1 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 71 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Dye, Paint Manufacture 4 Show data context -
  Ink, Blacking, Colour Substance Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Fusee, Fireworks, Explosive Article Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Chemist, Druggist 50 Show data context -
  Manufacturing Chemist 15 Show data context 5 Show data context
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 48 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 47 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Tobacco Pipe, Snuff Box &c. Maker 1 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 819 Show data context 216 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 138 Show data context 39 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 70 Show data context 82 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 56 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Brewer 10 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cellarman 27 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 33 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Milkseller, Dairyman 26 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Cheesemonger, Butterman 26 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 91 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Provision Curer, Dealer 20 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Poulterer, Game Dealer 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Fishmonger 35 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn Miller 1 Show data context -
  Baker 127 Show data context 20 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 31 Show data context 27 Show data context
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 37 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Mustard, Vinegar, Spice, Pickle Maker, Dealer - 2 Show data context
  Sugar Refiner 1 Show data context -
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 74 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 4 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 298 Show data context 160 Show data context
  Woollen Cloth Manufacture 15 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Worsted, Stuff, Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Cloth, Worsted, Stuff, Flannel, Blanket Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Others - 1 Show data context
  Silk, Silk Goods, Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Silk Dyer, Printer 1 Show data context -
  Silk Merchant, Dealer 36 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 1 Show data context -
  Cotton, Calico - Printer, Dyer, Bleacher 2 Show data context -
  Flax, Linen - Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer 4 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Rope, Twine, Cord - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Weaver (undefined) 1 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Dyer, Printer, Scourer, Bleacher, Calenderer (undefined) 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Factory Hand (textile, undefined) 6 Show data context -
  Carpet, Rug Manufacture 4 Show data context -
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 189 Show data context 89 Show data context
  Fancy Goods (Textile) Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 5 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Trimming Maker, Dealer 18 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Embroiderer - 24 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 2,042 Show data context 1,892 Show data context
  Hatter, Hat Manufacture 14 Show data context 8 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 3 Show data context
  Tailor 1,386 Show data context 937 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker 15 Show data context 713 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress 11 Show data context 152 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 39 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Glover, Glove Maker 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Button Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 488 Show data context 47 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 70 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Umbrella, Parasol, Stick - Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Accoutrement Maker 5 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Old Clothes Dealer, and others 4 Show data context 7 Show data context
19. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SUBSTANCES. 88 Show data context 24 Show data context
  Tallow Chandler, Candle, Grease Manufacture 3 Show data context -
  Soap Boiler, Maker 1 Show data context -
  Bone, Horn, Ivory, Tortoise-shell - Worker, Dealer 6 Show data context -
  Comb Maker 1 Show data context -
  Furrier, Skinner 7 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Currier 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Leather Goods, Portmanteau, Bag, Strap &c., Maker, Dealer 46 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Hair, Bristle - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Brush, Broom, Maker 12 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Quill, Feather - Dresser, Dealer 3 Show data context 9 Show data context
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 104 Show data context 52 Show data context
  Oil Miller, Oil Cake - Maker, Dealer - 3 Show data context
  Oil and Colourman 25 Show data context -
  Japanner 1 Show data context -
  Waterproof Goods - Maker, Dealer 1 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 5 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Timber, Wood - Merchant, Dealer 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Sawyer 1 Show data context -
  Wood Turner, Box Maker 12 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 6 Show data context -
  Paper Manufacture 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Envelope Maker 2 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Stationer, Law Stationer 28 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Card, Pattern Card Maker 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Paper Box, Paper Bag Maker 9 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Ticket, Label Writer 1 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 303 Show data context 22 Show data context
  Mine Service 4 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 7 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 7 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 2 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 5 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Paviour 1 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 2 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Porcelain, Manufacture 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Glass Manufacture 15 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 2 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 122 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Gold, Silver, Beater 2 Show data context -
  Lapidary 2 Show data context -
  Others 8 Show data context 6 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 1 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 24 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 11 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 7 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Other Iron and Steel Manufacture 4 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 15 Show data context -
  Zinc, Zinc Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Metal Refiner, Worker, Turner, Dealer 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 25 Show data context -
  Metal Burnisher, Lacquerer 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  White Metal, Plated Ware, Manufacture. Pewterer 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wire Maker, Worker, Weaver, Drawer 4 Show data context -
  Lamp, Lantern, Candlestick Maker 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 367 Show data context 220 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 56 Show data context 76 Show data context
  Pawnbroker 14 Show data context -
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 4 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 30 Show data context 7 Show data context
  Contractor (undefined) 3 Show data context 1 Show data context
  General Labourer 132 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 11 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 64 Show data context 41 Show data context
  Apprentice (undefined) 16 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Factory Labourer (undefined) 24 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 13 Show data context 79 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 24 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 10 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 9 Show data context -
  Rag Gatherer, Dealer 5 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 247 Show data context 869 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 247 Show data context 869 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 220 Show data context 2,907 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 13 Show data context 5 Show data context
  [Blank field, or illegible] 207 Show data context 2,902 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)