1881 Census of England and Wales, Tables: Ages, Condition as to Marriage, Occupations and Birthplaces of people, Table 10 : " Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties".

List Basingstoke PLU/RegD Christchurch CP/AP
OCCUPATIONS. Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
1. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE GENERAL OR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF THE COUNTRY. 42 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Peer, M.P., Privy Councillor (not otherwise described) 3 Show data context -
  Civil Service (officers and clerks) 10 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Civil Service (messengers, &c.) 11 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Police 8 Show data context -
  Municipal, Parish, Union, District, Officer 3 Show data context -
  Other Local or County Official 6 Show data context -
  East Indian and Colonial Service 1 Show data context -
2. PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. 66 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Army Officer (effective/retired) 19 Show data context -
  Soldier and Non-commissioned officer 7 Show data context -
  Militia, Yeomanry, Volunteers 2 Show data context -
  Army Pensioner 8 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Navy Officer (effective/retired) 2 Show data context -
  Seaman, R.N. 18 Show data context -
  Navy Pensioner 10 Show data context -
3. PERSONS ENGAGED IN PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS (WITH THEIR IMMEDIATE SUBORDINATES). 123 Show data context 154 Show data context
  Clergymen (Established Church) 17 Show data context -
  Roman Catholic Priest 1 Show data context -
  Minister, Priest of other religious bodies 6 Show data context -
  Missionary, Scripture Reader, Itinerant preacher 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Nun, Sister of Charity - 18 Show data context
  Theological Student 1 Show data context -
  Church, chapel, cemetery - officer, servant 3 Show data context -
  Barrister, Solicitor 15 Show data context -
  Law Student 1 Show data context -
  Law Clerk, and others connected with the law 10 Show data context -
  Physician, Surgeon, General Practitioner 7 Show data context -
  Midwife - 1 Show data context
  Subordinate Medical Service 3 Show data context 18 Show data context
  Schoolmaster 30 Show data context 78 Show data context
  Teacher, Professor, Lecturer 10 Show data context 23 Show data context
  Author, Editor, Journalist 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Land, House, Ship, Surveyor 2 Show data context -
  Painter (artist) 2 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Architect 3 Show data context -
  Musician, Music Master 1 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Art Student - 1 Show data context
  Photographer 5 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Art, Music, Theatre Service 1 Show data context -
4. PERSONS ENGAGED IN DOMESTIC OFFICES OR SERVICES. 371 Show data context 1,389 Show data context
  Domestic Coachman, Groom 100 Show data context -
  Domestic Gardener 129 Show data context -
  Domestic Indoor Servant 120 Show data context 1,098 Show data context
  Lodge, Gate, Park Keeper (not Government) - 2 Show data context
  Inn, Hotel Servant 14 Show data context 12 Show data context
  College, Club Service 1 Show data context -
  Charwoman - 21 Show data context
  Washing and Bathing Service 7 Show data context 250 Show data context
  Hospital and Institution Service - 6 Show data context
5. PERSONS ENGAGED IN COMMERCIAL OCCUPATIONS. 51 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Merchant 5 Show data context -
  Broker, Agent, Factor 4 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Auctioneer, Appraiser, Valuer, House Agent 6 Show data context -
  Accountant 2 Show data context -
  Commercial Traveller 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Commercial Clerk 22 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Banker 3 Show data context -
  Bank Service 5 Show data context -
  Life, House, Ship &c., Insurance Service 2 Show data context -
6. PERSONS ENGAGED IN CONVEYANCE OF MEN, GOODS, AND MESSAGES. 174 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Railway Engine Driver, Stoker 3 Show data context -
  Railway Guard 3 Show data context -
  Pointsman, Level Crossing Man 1 Show data context -
  Other Railway Officials and Servants 37 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Omnibus, Coach, Cab, Owner - Livery Stable Keeper 5 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Cabman, Flyman, Coachman (not domestic) 22 Show data context -
  Carman, Carrier, Carter, Haulier 39 Show data context -
  Wheel Chair Proprietor, Attendant &c. 1 Show data context -
  Bargeman, Lighterman, Waterman 1 Show data context -
  Seaman (Merchant Service) 10 Show data context -
  Harbour, Dock, Wharf, Lighthouse Service 1 Show data context -
  Warehouseman (not Manchester) 2 Show data context -
  Messenger, Porter, Watchman (not Railway or Government) 47 Show data context -
  Telegraph, Telephone Service 2 Show data context -
7. PERSONS ENGAGED IN AGRICULTURE. 422 Show data context 15 Show data context
  Farmer, Grazier 71 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Farmer's, Grazier's - Son, Grandson, Brother, Nephew 32 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Farm Bailiff 5 Show data context -
  Agricultural Labourer, Farm Servant, Cottager 223 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Shepherd 7 Show data context -
  Others engaged in, or connected with agriculture 1 Show data context -
  Woodman 9 Show data context -
  Nurseryman, Seedsman, Florist 7 Show data context -
  Gardener (not domestic) 67 Show data context 3 Show data context
8. PERSONS ENGAGED ABOUT ANIMALS. 75 Show data context -
  Groom, Horse-keeper, Horse-breaker 23 Show data context -
  Veterinary Surgeon, Farrier 2 Show data context -
  Cattle, Sheep, Pig - Dealer, Salesman 1 Show data context -
  Gamekeeper 16 Show data context -
  Dog, Bird, Animal - Keeper, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Fisherman 31 Show data context -
9. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN BOOKS, PRINTS, AND MAPS. 20 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Publisher, Bookseller, Librarian 4 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Printer 15 Show data context -
  Newspaper Agent, News Room Keeper 1 Show data context -
10. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS. 18 Show data context 49 Show data context
  Cutler, Scissors Maker 1 Show data context -
  Watch Maker, Clock Maker 14 Show data context 49 Show data context
  Electrical Apparatus Maker 1 Show data context -
  Musical Instrument Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
11. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN HOUSES, FURNITURE, AND DECORATIONS. 605 Show data context 9 Show data context
  Builder 28 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Carpenter, Joiner 217 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Bricklayer 144 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Mason 22 Show data context -
  Slater, Tiler 4 Show data context -
  Plasterer, Whitewasher 33 Show data context -
  Paperhanger 3 Show data context -
  Plumber 21 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Painter, Glazier 94 Show data context -
  Cabinet Maker 22 Show data context 3 Show data context
  French Polisher 2 Show data context -
  Furniture Broker, Dealer 2 Show data context -
  Locksmith, Bellhanger 1 Show data context -
  Gas Fitter 9 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Wood Carver 1 Show data context -
  Animal, Bird &c. Preserver, Naturalist 2 Show data context -
12. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CARRIAGES AND HARNESS. 28 Show data context -
  Coachmaker 12 Show data context -
  Wheelwright 7 Show data context -
  Saddler, Harness, Whip Maker 9 Show data context -
14. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN CHEMICALS AND COMPOUNDS. 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Fusee, Fireworks, Explosive Article Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Chemist, Druggist 6 Show data context -
15. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TOBACCO AND PIPES. 2 Show data context -
  Tobacco Manufacture, Tobacconist 2 Show data context -
16. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN FOOD AND LODGING. 234 Show data context 37 Show data context
  Innkeeper, Hotel Keeper, Publican 21 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Lodging, Boarding House Keeper 8 Show data context 10 Show data context
  Coffee, Eating House, Keeper 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Maltster 3 Show data context -
  Brewer 12 Show data context -
  Beerseller, Ale, Porter, Cider Dealer 4 Show data context -
  Cellarman 2 Show data context -
  Wine, Spirit - Merchant, Agent 5 Show data context -
  Milkseller, Dairyman 22 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Butcher, Meat Salesman 33 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Fishmonger 6 Show data context -
  Corn, Flour, Seed Merchant, Dealer 6 Show data context 1 Show data context
  Corn Miller 6 Show data context -
  Baker 52 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Confectioner, Pastrycook 2 Show data context -
  Greengrocer, Fruiterer 6 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Grocer. Tea, Coffee, Chocolate Maker, Dealer 43 Show data context 6 Show data context
  Ginger Beer, Mineral Water Manufacturer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
17. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN TEXTILE FABRICS. 26 Show data context 14 Show data context
  Cotton, Cotton Goods Manufacture 2 Show data context -
  Lace Manufacturer, Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Draper, Linen Draper, Mercer 24 Show data context 13 Show data context
18. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN DRESS. 95 Show data context 234 Show data context
  Straw - Hat, Bonnet, Plait Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Tailor 34 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Milliner, Dressmaker, Staymaker - 187 Show data context
  Shirt Maker, Seamstress - 23 Show data context
  Hosiery Manufacture - 1 Show data context
  Hosier, Haberdasher 2 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Glover, Glove Maker 1 Show data context 11 Show data context
  Shoe, Boot - Maker, Dealer 54 Show data context 4 Show data context
  Wig Maker, Hair Dresser 4 Show data context -
20. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES. 20 Show data context 2 Show data context
  India Rubber, Gutta Percha - Worker, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Willow, Cane, Rush Worker, Dealer, Basketmaker 1 Show data context -
  Hay, Straw (not plait), Chaff, Cutter, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Thatcher 2 Show data context -
  Sawyer 10 Show data context -
  Cooper, Hoop Maker, Bender 2 Show data context -
  Stationer, Law Stationer 2 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Others 1 Show data context -
21. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN VARIOUS MINERAL SUBSTANCES. 149 Show data context 2 Show data context
  Mine Service 1 Show data context -
  [Haulier] [not in Census Report but in codebook] 5 Show data context -
  Coal Merchant 9 Show data context -
  Coalheaver 6 Show data context -
  Gas Works Service 5 Show data context -
  Stone Cutter, Dresser, Dealer 3 Show data context -
  Clay, Sand, Gravel, Chalk, Labourer, Dealer 1 Show data context -
  Brick, Tile - Maker, Burner, Dealer 25 Show data context -
  Road Labourer 2 Show data context -
  Platelayer 8 Show data context -
  Railway Labourer, Navvy 2 Show data context -
  Earthenware, China, Glass Dealer - 1 Show data context
  Waterworks Service 2 Show data context -
  Goldsmith, Silversmith, Jeweller 2 Show data context 1 Show data context
  [Iron Manufacture] 1 Show data context -
  Blacksmith 48 Show data context -
  Whitesmith 7 Show data context -
  Ironmonger. Hardware Dealer, Merchant 14 Show data context -
  Tin, Tin Plate, Tin Goods - Manufacturer, Worker, Dealer 7 Show data context -
  Brass, Bronze Manufacture. Brazier 1 Show data context -
22. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN GENERAL OR UNSPECIFIED COMMODITIES. 392 Show data context 12 Show data context
  General Shopkeeper, Dealer 17 Show data context 5 Show data context
  Costermonger, Huckster, Street Seller 3 Show data context 3 Show data context
  Manufacturer, Manager, Superintendant (undefined) 1 Show data context -
  Contractor (undefined) 3 Show data context -
  General Labourer 358 Show data context -
  Engine Driver, Stoker, Fireman (not railway, marine or agricultural) 2 Show data context -
  Artizan, Mechanic (undefined) 4 Show data context -
  Apprentice (undefined) 3 Show data context -
  Factory Labourer (undefined) - 3 Show data context
  Machinist, Machine Worker (undefined) 1 Show data context 1 Show data context
23. PERSONS WORKING AND DEALING IN REFUSE MATTERS. 14 Show data context -
  Town Drainage Service 2 Show data context -
  Chimney Sweep, Soot Merchant 11 Show data context -
  Scavenger, Crossing Sweeper 1 Show data context -
24. PERSONS WITHOUT SPECIFIED OCCUPATIONS. 99 Show data context 676 Show data context
  Persons returned by Property, Rank &c. and not special occupation 99 Show data context 676 Show data context
[UNKNOWN OCCUPATION] 88 Show data context 1,563 Show data context
  [Occupation recorded but of unknown meaning] 1 Show data context -
  [Blank field, or illegible] 87 Show data context 1,563 Show data context

Notes:

The following notes to the table appeared in the original report.

1 This table is a very special case: The original Table 10 as published by Division in the 1881 census reports was limited to data for Registration Divisions, their component Registration Counties, and just those Urban Sanitary Districts with populations of over 50,000. Data presented here for counties and higher-level units are taken from the published reports, as usual, but we also include in A Vision of Britain through Time data for Registration Districts, sub-Districts and Civil Parishes which never appeared in the original reports. These were specially created for us by the History Data Service at the University of Essex and derive from the complete transcription of the individual-level Enumerators Book data coordinated by the Genealogical Society of Utah.
2 In creating these data, each occupation listed in the enumerators books has been assigned as far as possible to the relevant category used in the published reports, but some additional categories with labels in square brackets unavoidably appear. Unlike the published statistics for higher-level units, these specially-calculated data for districts and parishes include persons under 15 or over 65. For these and other reasons, no attempt has been made to ensure that county totals for the districts or parishes match the published county totals. The remaining notes are those that appeared below the original published table.
3 NOTE.--Persons returned as engaged in more than one occupation have been referred to the one that appeared to be of most importance; or if there was no difference in this respect, to the one first given by the person in his or her return. In some cases special rules have been followed: e.g. "Clergyman and Schoolmaster" in combination has always been referred to "Schoolmaster"; a Member of Parliament or Peer engaged in any branch of commerce or industry has always been referred to this latter, not to "Peer, M.P.".
4 The numbers returned under any heading include Labourers, Apprentices, and Assistants, as well as Masters, but not Clerks, Messengers, Errand boys, Porters, or Watchmen, for which occupations there are special headings. Civil, Military, and Naval Clerks, Law, Bank, Insurance, and Railway Clerks, and Government and Railway Porters, are, however, exceptions to this rule. Many young persons, being Apprentices or Assistants, have therefore been referred to occupations usually followed by adults. Women also, chiefly widows or orphans carrying on the business of their deceased husbands or fathers, will sometimes be found under occupations commonly followed by men only.
5 Persons returned as retired from any business have not been referred to that business. Inmates of workhouses have been referred to their trades, unless their age or infirmities showed that they were past work. But persons who might be supposed to be only temporarily separated from their usual employment, such as Prisoners, and Patients in General Hospitals, have been classed under their usual occupations.
6 In some cases, for convenience of space, the male designation, e.g. "Schoolmaster", alone is given, instead of "Schoolmaster, Schoolmistress".

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

(1) Kevin Schurer (Department of Geography, University of Cambridge). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)

(2) Matthew Woollard (UK Data Service, University of Essex). Role: editor. Restrictions on use: the data cannot be accessed, although the Vision of Britain system may present them graphically (any other use requires the contributor's permission.)