1951 Census of England and Wales, Industry Tables (Laid before Parliament pursuant to Section 4 (1), Census Act, 1920), Table 2 : " Industries (Minimum List) and Status Aggregates. Occupied Males and Females aged 15 and over for Con, AC, CB, MetB, Urban Areas with population of 50,000 or more".

List top level England and Wales Dep
Industry Males.
[1]
Females.
[2]
Total - All industries 13,782,268 Show data context 6,157,756 Show data context
Married women (included in Total) 0 Show data context 2,468,592 Show data context
Employers 375,606 Show data context 52,407 Show data context
Managers - general managers, directors, etc. 157,966 Show data context 18,572 Show data context
Managers - of branch or primary departments 388,440 Show data context 108,909 Show data context
Managers - of office or subsidiary departments 78,649 Show data context 7,106 Show data context
Operatives - in Social Classes I and II 1,079,905 Show data context 628,019 Show data context
Operatives - others 10,859,846 Show data context 5,111,555 Show data context
Included in Operatives - Articled clerks and apprentices. 348,314 Show data context 30,219 Show data context
Included in Operatives - Part-time workers. 43,667 Show data context 751,916 Show data context
Included in Operatives - Unpaid assistants. 20,117 Show data context 37,257 Show data context
Working on own account. 841,856 Show data context 231,188 Show data context
I. AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, FISHING 863,741 Show data context 100,008 Show data context
1. Agriculture and horticulture 822,319 Show data context 98,586 Show data context
2. Forestry 20,998 Show data context 870 Show data context
3. Fishing 20,424 Show data context 552 Show data context
II. MINING AND QUARRYING 729,365 Show data context 12,152 Show data context
10. Coal mining 666,559 Show data context 8,964 Show data context
11. Iron ore mining and quarrying 6,623 Show data context 77 Show data context
12. Stone quarrying and mining 27,706 Show data context 808 Show data context
13. Slate quarrying and mining 5,886 Show data context 84 Show data context
14. Clay, sand, gravel and chalk pits 14,046 Show data context 524 Show data context
19. Other mining and quarrying 8,545 Show data context 1,695 Show data context
III. CERAMICS, GLASS, CEMENT, ETC. 221,275 Show data context 70,489 Show data context
20. Bricks and fireclay goods 64,074 Show data context 5,382 Show data context
21. China and earthenware (lncl. glazed tiles) 34,715 Show data context 39,831 Show data context
22. Glass (other than containers) 31,327 Show data context 10,877 Show data context
23. Glass containers 18,834 Show data context 5,089 Show data context
24. Cement 12,522 Show data context 822 Show data context
29. Other non-metalliferous mining manufactures 59,803 Show data context 8,488 Show data context
IV. CHEMICALS AND ALLIED TRADES 290,637 Show data context 106,673 Show data context
30. Coke ovens and by-product works 14,018 Show data context 262 Show data context
31,33. Chemicals, dyes, explosives, fireworks 167,073 Show data context 47,876 Show data context
32. Pharmaceutical, toilet preparations, etc. 16,259 Show data context 22,669 Show data context
34. Paint and varnish 26,785 Show data context 9,880 Show data context
35. Soap, candles, polishes, ink, matches 26,769 Show data context 18,371 Show data context
36. Mineral oil refining 19,349 Show data context 2,750 Show data context
39. Other oils, greases, glue, etc. 20,384 Show data context 4,865 Show data context
V. METAL MANUFACTURE 451,025 Show data context 56,868 Show data context
40. Blast furnaces 14,177 Show data context 316 Show data context
41. Iron, steel melting, rolling, etc., n.e.s. 190,464 Show data context 16,128 Show data context
42. Iron foundries 100,258 Show data context 13,619 Show data context
43. Sheets and tinplate 28,966 Show data context 3,435 Show data context
44. Iron and steel tubes 32,001 Show data context 5,919 Show data context
49. Non-ferrous metals smelting, rolling, etc. 85,159 Show data context 17,451 Show data context
VI. ENGINEERING, SHIPBUILDING AND ELECTRICAL GOODS 1,241,362 Show data context 323,453 Show data context
50. Shipbuilding and ship repairing 163,033 Show data context 5,433 Show data context
51. Marine engineering 29,806 Show data context 1,666 Show data context
52. Agricultural machinery (except tractors) 34,405 Show data context 3,936 Show data context
53. Boilers and boilerhouse plant 17,203 Show data context 1,657 Show data context
54. Machine tools and engineers' small tools 71,240 Show data context 14,450 Show data context
55. Stationary engines 26,579 Show data context 3,553 Show data context
56. Textile machinery and accessories 58,209 Show data context 8,924 Show data context
58. Constructional engineering 66,026 Show data context 4,788 Show data context
57,69. Other non-electrical engineering 429,130 Show data context 86,178 Show data context
70. Electrical machinery 108,009 Show data context 36,320 Show data context
71. Electrical wires and cables 39,269 Show data context 20,100 Show data context
72. Telegraph and telephone apparatus 29,340 Show data context 17,209 Show data context
73. Wireless apparatus and gramophones 56,592 Show data context 40,883 Show data context
74. Wireless valves and electric lamps 15,915 Show data context 18,854 Show data context
75. Batteries and accumulators 10,695 Show data context 7,149 Show data context
79. Other electrical goods 85,911 Show data context 52,353 Show data context
VII. VEHICLES 814,513 Show data context 116,834 Show data context
80. Manufacture of motor vehicles and cycles 252,109 Show data context 38,383 Show data context
81. Motor repairers and garage 213,026 Show data context 20,334 Show data context
82,83. Manufacture of aircraft; vehicle parts 217,501 Show data context 49,925 Show data context
84. Railway locomotive shops 45,352 Show data context 1,097 Show data context
85. Other locomotive manufacture 14,487 Show data context 1,807 Show data context
86. Manufacture and repair of wagons, etc. 65,311 Show data context 2,715 Show data context
89. Carts, perambulators, etc. 6,727 Show data context 2,573 Show data context
VIII. METAL GOODS NOT ELSEWHERE SPECIFIED 295,174 Show data context 149,926 Show data context
90. Tools and cutlery 35,395 Show data context 19,237 Show data context
91. Bolts, nuts, screws, rivets, nails, etc. 20,241 Show data context 16,085 Show data context
92. Iron and steel forgings, n.e.s. 32,763 Show data context 4,047 Show data context
95. Wire and wire manufactures 25,215 Show data context 7,662 Show data context
94. Hollow-ware 26,094 Show data context 25,703 Show data context
95. Brass manufactures 28,087 Show data context 13,588 Show data context
99. Metal industries not elsewhere specified 127,379 Show data context 63,604 Show data context
IX. PRECISION INSTRUMENTS, JEWELLERY, ETC. 98,256 Show data context 44,649 Show data context
100. Scientific, etc. instruments, etc. 55,428 Show data context 25,542 Show data context
101. Manufacture and repair of watches, etc. 15,746 Show data context 6,073 Show data context
102. Jewellery; refining of precious metals 17,739 Show data context 11,417 Show data context
103. Musical instruments 9,343 Show data context 1,617 Show data context
X. TEXTILES 393,341 Show data context 474,657 Show data context
110. Cotton spinning, doubling, etc. 66,241 Show data context 103,970 Show data context
111. Cotton weaving, etc. 42,450 Show data context 80,351 Show data context
112. Woollen and worsted 86,335 Show data context 93,469 Show data context
113. Rayon, nylon, etc., production 25,247 Show data context 8,024 Show data context
114. Rayon, nylon, etc., weaving and silk 29,171 Show data context 32,534 Show data context
115. Linen and soft hemp 1,824 Show data context 957 Show data context
116. Jute 440 Show data context 359 Show data context
117. Rope, twine and net 4,928 Show data context 6,082 Show data context
118. Hosiery, and other knitted goods 32,557 Show data context 76,783 Show data context
119. Lace 4,101 Show data context 4,864 Show data context
120. Carpets 11,709 Show data context 10,084 Show data context
121. Narrow fabrics 5,777 Show data context 12,603 Show data context
122. Made-up textiles 7,377 Show data context 12,348 Show data context
123. Textile finishing, etc. 58,167 Show data context 23,651 Show data context
129. Other textile industries 17,017 Show data context 8,578 Show data context
XI. LEATHER, LEATHER GOODS AND FUR 46,799 Show data context 25,804 Show data context
130. Leather (tanning, dressing); fellmongery 29,228 Show data context 6,650 Show data context
131. Leather goods 11,566 Show data context 13,925 Show data context
132. Fur 6,005 Show data context 5,229 Show data context
XII. CLOTHING 225,069 Show data context 448,423 Show data context
140. Tailoring 88,672 Show data context 182,383 Show data context
141. Dressmaking 10,114 Show data context 104,713 Show data context
142. Overalls, shirts, underwear, etc. 7,626 Show data context 52,820 Show data context
143. Hats, caps and millinery 8,386 Show data context 13,230 Show data context
147. Dress industries not elsewhere specified 9,809 Show data context 34,235 Show data context
148. Manufacture of boots, shoes, etc. 65,503 Show data context 58,146 Show data context
149. Repair of boots and shoes 34,959 Show data context 2,896 Show data context
XIII. FOOD, DRINK AND TOBACCO 407,166 Show data context 238,775 Show data context
150. Grain milling 28,074 Show data context 6,747 Show data context
151. Bread and flour confectionery 100,555 Show data context 48,354 Show data context
152. Biscuits 12,778 Show data context 19,684 Show data context
153. Meat and meat products 20,130 Show data context 9,076 Show data context
154. Milk products 43,112 Show data context 17,608 Show data context
155. Sugar and glucose 12,656 Show data context 3,441 Show data context
156. Cocoa, chocolate and sugar confectionery 27,424 Show data context 39,126 Show data context
157. Preserving of fruit and vegetables 17,804 Show data context 26,711 Show data context
162. Food industries not elsewhere specified 33,363 Show data context 18,806 Show data context
163. Brewing and malting 66,658 Show data context 13,373 Show data context
164. Wholesale bottling 5,102 Show data context 3,945 Show data context
168. Other drink industries 20,333 Show data context 9,912 Show data context
169. Tobacco 19,177 Show data context 21,992 Show data context
XIV. MANUFACTURES OF WOOD AND CORK 239,330 Show data context 47,325 Show data context
170. Timber 53,931 Show data context 6,434 Show data context
171. Furniture and upholstery 110,055 Show data context 27,848 Show data context
172. Shop and office fitting 21,425 Show data context 2,334 Show data context
173. Wooden containers and baskets 18,694 Show data context 5,455 Show data context
179. Miscellaneous wood and cork manufactures 35,225 Show data context 5,254 Show data context
XV. PAPER AND PRINTING 302,773 Show data context 160,468 Show data context
180. Paper and board 49,827 Show data context 14,979 Show data context
181. Wallpaper 5,028 Show data context 1,826 Show data context
182. Cardboard boxes, cartons, etc. 16,531 Show data context 27,190 Show data context
183. Manufactures of paper and board n. e. s. 16,936 Show data context 23,170 Show data context
186. Printing, publishing, papers, periodicals 69,747 Show data context 14,654 Show data context
189. Other printing, publishing, etc. 144,704 Show data context 78,649 Show data context
XVI. OTHER MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES 143,906 Show data context 97,909 Show data context
190. Rubber 65,116 Show data context 29,534 Show data context
191. Linoleum, leather cloth, etc. 8,144 Show data context 1,500 Show data context
192. Brushes and brooms 9,510 Show data context 8,285 Show data context
193. Toys, games and sports requisites 12,858 Show data context 19,278 Show data context
194. Miscellaneous stationers' goods 5,513 Show data context 7,493 Show data context
195. Production and printing of cinema films 7,001 Show data context 2,440 Show data context
199. Miscellaneous manufacturing industries 35,764 Show data context 29,379 Show data context
XVII. BUILDING AND CONTRACTING 1,203,321 Show data context 33,667 Show data context
200. Building 1,020,068 Show data context 25,309 Show data context
201. Electric wiring and contracting 62,266 Show data context 4,050 Show data context
202. Civil engineering contracting 120,987 Show data context 4,308 Show data context
XVIII. GAS, ELECTRICITY AND WATER 301,590 Show data context 29,103 Show data context
210. Gas 121,871 Show data context 10,302 Show data context
211. Electricity 148,817 Show data context 17,376 Show data context
212. Water 30,902 Show data context 1,425 Show data context
XIX. TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATION 1,337,080 Show data context 186,553 Show data context
220. Railways 432,221 Show data context 30,894 Show data context
221. Tramway and omnibus service 212,151 Show data context 28,443 Show data context
222. Other road passenger transport 41,615 Show data context 2,547 Show data context
223. Goods transport by road 162,790 Show data context 10,429 Show data context
224. Sea transport 76,796 Show data context 5,577 Show data context
225. Port, river and canal transport 119,417 Show data context 1,749 Show data context
226. Harbour, dock, canal, etc. service 27,292 Show data context 1,739 Show data context
227. Air transport 18,109 Show data context 4,703 Show data context
228. Postal, telegraph, wireless communication 212,799 Show data context 88,828 Show data context
238. Other transport and communication 23,168 Show data context 10,027 Show data context
239. Storage 10,722 Show data context 1,617 Show data context
XX. DISTRIBUTIVE TRADES 1,379,317 Show data context 1,021,974 Show data context
240. Dealing in coal, builders' materials, etc. 133,484 Show data context 26,862 Show data context
241. Dealing in other industrial materials 97,642 Show data context 22,417 Show data context
242. Wholesale distribution of food and drink 112,648 Show data context 38,080 Show data context
243. Retail distribution of food and drink 401,829 Show data context 294,668 Show data context
244. Wholesale distribution of non-food goods 184,795 Show data context 75,404 Show data context
245. Retail distribution of non-food goods 404,909 Show data context 508,308 Show data context
246. Retail sales of sweets, tobacco, papers 44,010 Show data context 56,235 Show data context
XXI. INSURANCE, BANKING AND FINANCE 263,722 Show data context 138,782 Show data context
250. Insurance, banking and finance 263,722 Show data context 138,782 Show data context
XXII. PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND DEFENCE 1,326,278 Show data context 247,591 Show data context
260. National government service 866,177 Show data context 161,193 Show data context
265. Local government service 460,101 Show data context 86,398 Show data context
XXIII. PROFESSIONAL SERVICES 568,336 Show data context 790,878 Show data context
270. Accountancy 45,594 Show data context 17,975 Show data context
271. Education 175,708 Show data context 285,303 Show data context
272. Law 38,869 Show data context 33,482 Show data context
273. Medical and dental services 179,394 Show data context 382,994 Show data context
274. Religion 43,244 Show data context 21,860 Show data context
279. Other professional and business services 85,527 Show data context 49,264 Show data context
XXIV. MISCELLANEOUS SERVICES 627,728 Show data context 1,228,967 Show data context
280. Theatres, cinemas, etc. 57,208 Show data context 57,033 Show data context
281. Sport, other recreations and betting 49,682 Show data context 33,726 Show data context
285. Catering, hotels, etc. 244,818 Show data context 562,395 Show data context
286. Laundries 28,009 Show data context 90,699 Show data context
287. Dry cleaning, job dyeing, etc. 11,574 Show data context 27,108 Show data context
288. Hairdressing and manicure 34,618 Show data context 47,183 Show data context
290. Private domestic service (resident) 9,234 Show data context 188,213 Show data context
291. Private domestic service (non-resident) 85,106 Show data context 171,200 Show data context
299. Other services 107,479 Show data context 51,410 Show data context
NOT STATED AND ILL-DEFINED INDUSTRY 11,164 Show data context 5,828 Show data context

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This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

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