1861 Census of England and Wales, Ages (Sample Report Title: Population Tables. Ages, Civil Condition, Occupations and Birth-places of the People: with the Ages and Occupations of the Blind, of the Deaf-and-dumb, and of the inmates of certain public institutions Part II), Table 18 : " Occupations of Females aged 20 Years and upwards in Districts".

List England Dep West Riding RegC
OCCUPATIONS [Males]
[1]
Total of Females 422,250 Show data context
1. Persons engaged in the General or Local Government of the Country 154 Show data context
(1) Officers of National Government 74 Show data context
      Post Office 74 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(2) Officers of Local Government 80 Show data context
      Prison Officer 7 Show data context
      Union and Parish Officer 71 Show data context
      Others 2 Show data context
3. Persons engaged in the Learned Professions or engaged in Literature, Art, and Science (with their immediate Subordinates) 3,669 Show data context
(1) Clergymen, Ministers, and Church Officers 77 Show data context
      (a) Religious Teachers 39 Show data context
      (b) Pew Opener 29 Show data context
      Other Church Officers 9 Show data context
(2) Lawyers, Law Court Officers, and Law Stationers 0 Show data context
      Law Stationer, &c. 0 Show data context
(3) Physicians, Surgeons, and Druggists 141 Show data context
      Druggist 33 Show data context
      Midwife 100 Show data context
      Other Dealers in Drugs 8 Show data context
(4) Authors and Literary Persons 1 Show data context
      In Literature 1 Show data context
(5) Artists 14 Show data context
      Artist, Painter 13 Show data context
      Engaged in Fine Arts 0 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(6) Musicians, Teachers of Music 198 Show data context
      (6} Musician 95 Show data context
      Music-mistress 103 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(7) Actors, Actresses 46 Show data context
      Actress 40 Show data context
      In Theatres, Exhibitions 6 Show data context
(8) Teachers 3,191 Show data context
      Schoolmistress 2,096 Show data context
      Teacher of Languages 17 Show data context
      General Teacher 477 Show data context
      Governess 597 Show data context
      Other Teachers 4 Show data context
(9) Scientific Persons 1 Show data context
      Scientific Person 1 Show data context
4. Persons engaged in the Domestic Officers or Duties of Wives, Mothers, Mistresses of Families, Children, Relatives (not otherwise returned) 246,509 Show data context
(1) Wives 209,199 Show data context
      Wives (not oth. des.) 209,199 Show data context
(2) Widows 21,909 Show data context
      Widows (not oth. des.) 21,909 Show data context
(3) Children and Relatives at home (not otherwise described) 15,354 Show data context
      Children and Relatives 15,354 Show data context
(4) Scholars (so described) 47 Show data context
      Scholars (so described) 47 Show data context
5. Persons engaged in entertaining, and performing Personal Offices for Man 36,910 Show data context
(1) In Board and Lodging 4,825 Show data context
      Innkeeper, Hotelkeeper 554 Show data context
      Innkeeper?s "Wife" 1,298 Show data context
      Publican 262 Show data context
      Beerseller 268 Show data context
      Publican?s "Wife" 1,357 Show data context
      Lodging-house Keeper 916 Show data context
      Lodg.-ho. Kpr.'s "Wife" 70 Show data context
      Coffee-house Keeper 55 Show data context
      Officer of Institution 19 Show data context
      Others 26 Show data context
(2) Attendance (Domestic Servants, &c.) 32,085 Show data context
      Domst. Serv. (General) 16,359 Show data context
      Housekeeper 4,606 Show data context
      Cook 2,511 Show data context
      Housemaid 2,644 Show data context
      Nurse 965 Show data context
      Laundrymaid 172 Show data context
      Inn Servant 333 Show data context
      Hospital Nurse, &c. 81 Show data context
      Nurse (not Domst. Servt.) 880 Show data context
      Charwoman 3,449 Show data context
      Others 85 Show data context
6. Persons who buy or sell, keep, or lend Money, Houses or Goods of various Kinds 1,982 Show data context
(1) Mercantile Men [Women] 254 Show data context
      In Mercantile Pursuits 254 Show data context
(2) Other General Dealers 1,728 Show data context
      Pawnbroker 29 Show data context
      Gen. Dlr., Costermonger 68 Show data context
      Shopkeeper 813 Show data context
      Shopkeeper?s "Wife" 204 Show data context
      Hawker and Pedlar 603 Show data context
      Other General Dealers 11 Show data context
7. Persons engaged in the Conveyance of Men, Animals, Goods, and Messages 696 Show data context
(1) Carriers on Railways 5 Show data context
      Railway Attendants 5 Show data context
(2) Carriers on Roads 124 Show data context
      Toll Collector 89 Show data context
      Coach, Omn. Cab, Ownr. 5 Show data context
      Carrier, Carter 29 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(3) Carriers on Canals and Rivers 8 Show data context
      On Canals and Rivers 0 Show data context
      Boat, Barge,--Woman 1 Show data context
      Others 7 Show data context
(4) Carriers on Seas and Rivers 13 Show data context
      In Sea Navigation 0 Show data context
      Shipowner 11 Show data context
      Others 2 Show data context
(5) Engaged in Storage 541 Show data context
      Warehouse Woman 540 Show data context
      Others in Storage 1 Show data context
(6) Messengers and Porters 5 Show data context
      Mess., Port., Errand Girl 4 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
8. Persons possessing or working the Land, and engaged in growing Grain, Fruits, Grasses, Animals, and other Products 19,726 Show data context
(1) In Fields and Pastures (Agriculturists) 19,670 Show data context
      Land Proprietor 857 Show data context
      Farmer, Grazier 1,775 Show data context
      Farmer?s "Wife" 12,261 Show data context
      Farmer?s "Dau.," "Grd.-dau.," "Str.," "Niece" 2,967 Show data context
      Agricultural Labourer. 1,171 Show data context
      Farm Servant (in-door) 638 Show data context
      Others in Agriculture 1 Show data context
(2) In Woods (Arboriculturists) 0 Show data context
      Others in Arboriculture 0 Show data context
(3) In Gardens (Horticulturists) 56 Show data context
      Gardener 56 Show data context
      Others in Horticulture 0 Show data context
9. Persons engaged about Animals 4 Show data context
(1) Persons engaged about Animals 4 Show data context
      Fisherwoman 1 Show data context
      Others 3 Show data context
10. Persons engaged in Art and Mechanic Productions, in which Matters of various kinds are employed in combination 3,284 Show data context
(1) In Books 166 Show data context
      Bookseller, Publisher 40 Show data context
      Bookbinder 78 Show data context
      Printer 11 Show data context
      Others in Publications 37 Show data context
(2) In Musical Instrument 4 Show data context
      In Musical Instruments 4 Show data context
(3) In Prints and Pictures 7 Show data context
      In Maps, Pictures 7 Show data context
(4) In Carving and Figures 12 Show data context
      In Carving and Figures 0 Show data context
      Artificial Flower-maker 12 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(5) in Tackle for Sport and Games 27 Show data context
      Toy Maker, Dealer 25 Show data context
      Bow, Bat, Tackle,--Mak. 2 Show data context
(6) In Designs, Medals, and Dies 2 Show data context
      Pattern Designer 0 Show data context
      Eng. about Medals, &c. 2 Show data context
(7) In Watches and Philosophical Instruments 20 Show data context
      Watchmkr., Clockmkr. 4 Show data context
      Mkr., Dlr., in Phil. Insts. 0 Show data context
      Others 16 Show data context
(8) In Surgical Instruments 8 Show data context
      Surgical Instrumt. Mak. 8 Show data context
(9) In Arms 7 Show data context
      In manuf. of Arms 7 Show data context
(10) In Machines 1,081 Show data context
      Needle Manufacture 0 Show data context
      Scissors-maker 195 Show data context
      Steel Pen Maker 0 Show data context
      File-maker 400 Show data context
      Cutler 111 Show data context
      Others 375 Show data context
(11) In Carriages 6 Show data context
      Carriage-maker 6 Show data context
      Coachmaker 0 Show data context
(12) In Harness 13 Show data context
      Saddler, Harness-maker 10 Show data context
      Whip-maker 3 Show data context
(13) In Ships 1 Show data context
      Ship, Boat,--Builder 1 Show data context
(14) In Houses and Buildings 1,526 Show data context
      House Proprietor 1,484 Show data context
      Painter, Plumber, Glazr. 19 Show data context
      Others 23 Show data context
(15) In Furniture 332 Show data context
      Cabinet-maker, Uphol. 281 Show data context
      Chair-maker 9 Show data context
      Furniture Broker 31 Show data context
      Others 11 Show data context
(16) In Implements 10 Show data context
      Implement Maker 10 Show data context
(17) In Chemicals 62 Show data context
      Dyer, Calenderer 41 Show data context
      Others 21 Show data context
11. Persons working and Dealing in the Textile Fabrics and in Dress 89,602 Show data context
(1) In Wool and Worsted 44,397 Show data context
      Knitter 90 Show data context
      Woollen Cloth manuf. 18,748 Show data context
      Clothier 8 Show data context
      Worsted manufacture 23,542 Show data context
      Stuff manufacture 1,107 Show data context
      Berlin Wool,--Dlr., Wkr. 54 Show data context
      Flannel manufacture 4 Show data context
      Carpet, Rug,--manuf. 497 Show data context
      Others 347 Show data context
(2) In Silk 665 Show data context
      Silk manufacture 658 Show data context
      Ribbon manufacture 4 Show data context
      Fancy Goods (Silk) 1 Show data context
      Others 2 Show data context
(3) In Cotton and Flax 13,413 Show data context
      Flax, Linen,--manuf. 3,931 Show data context
      Thread manufacture 128 Show data context
      Tape manuf., Dealer 1 Show data context
      Lace manufacture 44 Show data context
      Cotton manufacture 9,156 Show data context
      Fustian manufacture 33 Show data context
      Muslin manufacture 0 Show data context
      Muslin Embroiderer 0 Show data context
      Calico, Cotton,--Printer 15 Show data context
      Calico, Cotton,--Dyer 1 Show data context
      Others 104 Show data context
(4) In Mixed Materials (1, 2, 3.) 958 Show data context
      Weaver (undefined) 387 Show data context
      Draper, Mercer 521 Show data context
      Trimming-maker 0 Show data context
      Embroiderer 20 Show data context
      Others 30 Show data context
(5) In Dress 29,939 Show data context
      Hatter, Hat manuf. 37 Show data context
      Straw Plait manuf. 4 Show data context
      Straw Hat, Bonnet, Mak. 321 Show data context
      Bonnet-maker 423 Show data context
      Cap-maker 411 Show data context
      Shawl manufacture 100 Show data context
      Furrier 10 Show data context
      Tailor 378 Show data context
      Clothes Dealer, Outfitter 75 Show data context
      Button-maker 61 Show data context
      Milliner, Dressmaker 13,850 Show data context
      Shirtmaker, Seamstress 1,692 Show data context
      Stay-maker 569 Show data context
      Fancy Worker 30 Show data context
      Hose, Stocking,--manuf. 49 Show data context
      Hosier, Haberdasher 83 Show data context
      Glover, Leather, &c. 3 Show data context
      Glove Knitter 0 Show data context
      Shoemaker, Bootmaker 1,051 Show data context
      Shoemaker's "Wife" 5,198 Show data context
      Umbrella, Stick,--Mak. 37 Show data context
      Laundress 5,354 Show data context
      Others 203 Show data context
(6) In Hemp and other Fibrous Materials 230 Show data context
      Mat Maker, Seller 17 Show data context
      Hemp manufacture 14 Show data context
      Rope, Cord,--Maker 27 Show data context
      Net-maker 4 Show data context
      Canvas Maker, Dealer 61 Show data context
      Sailcloth manufacture 2 Show data context
      Other Workers in Hemp 105 Show data context
12. Persons working and dealing in Food and Drinks 5,864 Show data context
(1) In Animal Food 2,643 Show data context
      Cowkeeper, Milkseller 102 Show data context
      Cheesemonger 16 Show data context
      Butcher 140 Show data context
      Butcher?s "Wife" 2,043 Show data context
      Provision Curer, Dealer 297 Show data context
      Poulterer, Game Dealer 18 Show data context
      Fishmonger 25 Show data context
      Others 2 Show data context
(2) In Vegetable Food 1,455 Show data context
      Miller 13 Show data context
      Flour Dealer, Agent 39 Show data context
      Baker 664 Show data context
      Confectioner 454 Show data context
      Greengrocer, Fruiterer 243 Show data context
      Fruit, Flower,--Vendor 12 Show data context
      Others 30 Show data context
(3) In Drinks and Stimulants 1,766 Show data context
      Brewer, &c. 14 Show data context
      Wine Merchant 15 Show data context
      Grocer, Tea Dealer 1,601 Show data context
      Tobo ,Cig.,Snuff, manuf. 29 Show data context
      Tobacconist 45 Show data context
      Others 62 Show data context
13. Persons working and dealing in Animal Substances 427 Show data context
(1) In Grease, Gut, Bones, Horn, Ivory, and Whalebone 83 Show data context
      Tallow-chandler 6 Show data context
      Comb-maker 59 Show data context
      Others 18 Show data context
(2) In Skins, Feathers, and Quills 41 Show data context
      Currier 21 Show data context
      Others 20 Show data context
(3) In Hair 303 Show data context
      Hair, Bristle,--manuf. 242 Show data context
      Brush, Broom,--Maker 61 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
14. Persons working and dealing in Vegetable Substances 616 Show data context
(1) In Gums and Resins 160 Show data context
      French-polisher 154 Show data context
      Japanner 2 Show data context
      In Gums and Resins 3 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(2) In Wood 25 Show data context
      Wood Dealer 4 Show data context
      Box-maker 9 Show data context
      Others 12 Show data context
(3) In Bark 2 Show data context
      Workers, Dlrs., in Bark 2 Show data context
(4) In Cane, Rush, and Straw 18 Show data context
      Basket-maker 13 Show data context
      Others 5 Show data context
(5) In Paper 411 Show data context
      Rag Gatherer, Dealer 172 Show data context
      Paper manufacture 186 Show data context
      Stationer (not Law) 25 Show data context
      Envelope-maker 0 Show data context
      Paper-box Maker 6 Show data context
      Paper-stainer 3 Show data context
      Other Workers in Paper 19 Show data context
15. Persons working and dealing in Minerals 1,377 Show data context
(1) In Mining 6 Show data context
      In Minerals 6 Show data context
(2) In Coal 85 Show data context
      Coal Merchant, Dealer 46 Show data context
      Coal Labourer 37 Show data context
      Others 2 Show data context
(3) In Stone, Clay 42 Show data context
      Brick Maker, Dealer 14 Show data context
      Others 28 Show data context
(4) In Earthenware 310 Show data context
      Earthenware manuf. 152 Show data context
      Tobacco-pipe Maker 29 Show data context
      Earthenw., Glass, Dealer 128 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(5) In Glass 24 Show data context
      Glass manufacture 24 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(6) In Salt 1 Show data context
      Salt Makers and Dealers 1 Show data context
(7) In Water 1 Show data context
      Water Provider 1 Show data context
(8) In Gold, Silver, and Precious Stones 288 Show data context
      In Gold, Silver, &c. 0 Show data context
      Goldsmith, Jeweller 282 Show data context
      Others 6 Show data context
(9) In Copper 1 Show data context
      Workers, Dlrs., in Copper 1 Show data context
(10) In Tin and Quicksilver 8 Show data context
      Tin manufacture 4 Show data context
      Others 4 Show data context
(11) In Zinc 0 Show data context
      In Zinc 0 Show data context
(12) In Lead and Antimony 11 Show data context
      In Lead 11 Show data context
(13) In Brass and other mixed Metals 354 Show data context
      Pin manufacture 5 Show data context
      Lacquerer 3 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
      In Brass 346 Show data context
(14) In Iron and Steel 246 Show data context
      Iron manufacture 24 Show data context
      Blacksmith 12 Show data context
      Nail manufacture 135 Show data context
      Anchor, Chain, Smith 1 Show data context
      Ironmonger 19 Show data context
      Screw Cutter, Maker 34 Show data context
      In Iron and Steel 21 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
16. Labourers and others - Branch of Labour undefined 997 Show data context
(1) General Labourers 126 Show data context
      Labourer 126 Show data context
(2) Other Persons of indefinite Occupations 871 Show data context
      Shopwoman, Assistant 137 Show data context
      Others of indef. occupn. 734 Show data context
17. Persons of Rank or Property, not returned under any Office or Occupation 2,982 Show data context
(1) Persons of Rank or property, not returned under any Office or Occupation 2,982 Show data context
      Gentlewoman 1,074 Show data context
      Annuitant 1,908 Show data context
18. Persons supported by the Community and of no specified Occupation 2,367 Show data context
(1) On Income from voluntary Sources and Rates 2,267 Show data context
      Dependent on relatives 113 Show data context
      Almsperson, no. stat. occ. 334 Show data context
      Pauper, no stated occ. 1,419 Show data context
      Lunatic, no stated occ. 358 Show data context
      Others 43 Show data context
(2) Prisoners and others of Criminal Class 82 Show data context
      Prisoner, no stated occ. 51 Show data context
      Others of Criminal Class 31 Show data context
(3) Vagrants and Gipsies 18 Show data context
      Vagrant, Beggar 14 Show data context
      Gipsy 4 Show data context
19. Persons of no stated Rank, Profession, or Occupation 5,084 Show data context
      Visitor, no stated occ. 1,522 Show data context
      Others of no stated occupation or condition. 3,562 Show data context

Comments:

1 Note that the original table is organised into the Orders and sub-Orders listed here, but provides counts only for the individual occupations.

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

David Allan Gatley (School of Social Sciences, University of Staffordshire). Role: transcriber. Restrictions on use: the contributor must be acknowledged but the data may be freely used for non-commercial purposes.