1861 Census of England and Wales, Ages (Sample Report Title: Population Tables. Ages, Civil Condition, Occupations and Birth-places of the People: with the Ages and Occupations of the Blind, of the Deaf-and-dumb, and of the inmates of certain public institutions Part II), Table 18 : " Occupations of Females aged 20 Years and upwards in Districts".

List England Dep Kent RegC
OCCUPATIONS [Males]
[1]
Total of Females 149,715 Show data context
1. Persons engaged in the General or Local Government of the Country 120 Show data context
(1) Officers of National Government 46 Show data context
      Post Office 45 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(2) Officers of Local Government 74 Show data context
      Prison Officer 15 Show data context
      Union and Parish Officer 58 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
3. Persons engaged in the Learned Professions or engaged in Literature, Art, and Science (with their immediate Subordinates) 2,384 Show data context
(1) Clergymen, Ministers, and Church Officers 33 Show data context
      (a) Religious Teachers 3 Show data context
      (b) Pew Opener 23 Show data context
      Other Church Officers 7 Show data context
(2) Lawyers, Law Court Officers, and Law Stationers 0 Show data context
      Law Stationer, &c. 0 Show data context
(3) Physicians, Surgeons, and Druggists 20 Show data context
      Druggist 2 Show data context
      Midwife 15 Show data context
      Other Dealers in Drugs 3 Show data context
(4) Authors and Literary Persons 7 Show data context
      In Literature 7 Show data context
(5) Artists 11 Show data context
      Artist, Painter 8 Show data context
      Engaged in Fine Arts 0 Show data context
      Others 3 Show data context
(6) Musicians, Teachers of Music 100 Show data context
      (6} Musician 31 Show data context
      Music-mistress 69 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(7) Actors, Actresses 11 Show data context
      Actress 7 Show data context
      In Theatres, Exhibitions 4 Show data context
(8) Teachers 2,201 Show data context
      Schoolmistress 1,196 Show data context
      Teacher of Languages 21 Show data context
      General Teacher 200 Show data context
      Governess 782 Show data context
      Other Teachers 2 Show data context
(9) Scientific Persons 1 Show data context
      Scientific Person 1 Show data context
4. Persons engaged in the Domestic Officers or Duties of Wives, Mothers, Mistresses of Families, Children, Relatives (not otherwise returned) 91,096 Show data context
(1) Wives 75,687 Show data context
      Wives (not oth. des.) 75,687 Show data context
(2) Widows 6,606 Show data context
      Widows (not oth. des.) 6,606 Show data context
(3) Children and Relatives at home (not otherwise described) 8,767 Show data context
      Children and Relatives 8,767 Show data context
(4) Scholars (so described) 36 Show data context
      Scholars (so described) 36 Show data context
5. Persons engaged in entertaining, and performing Personal Offices for Man 22,928 Show data context
(1) In Board and Lodging 3,497 Show data context
      Innkeeper, Hotelkeeper 110 Show data context
      Innkeeper?s "Wife" 343 Show data context
      Publican 223 Show data context
      Beerseller 129 Show data context
      Publican?s "Wife" 1,413 Show data context
      Lodging-house Keeper 1,039 Show data context
      Lodg.-ho. Kpr.'s "Wife" 151 Show data context
      Coffee-house Keeper 23 Show data context
      Officer of Institution 23 Show data context
      Others 43 Show data context
(2) Attendance (Domestic Servants, &c.) 19,431 Show data context
      Domst. Serv. (General) 8,840 Show data context
      Housekeeper 1,890 Show data context
      Cook 2,643 Show data context
      Housemaid 2,039 Show data context
      Nurse 1,215 Show data context
      Laundrymaid 124 Show data context
      Inn Servant 252 Show data context
      Hospital Nurse, &c. 66 Show data context
      Nurse (not Domst. Servt.) 709 Show data context
      Charwoman 1,630 Show data context
      Others 23 Show data context
6. Persons who buy or sell, keep, or lend Money, Houses or Goods of various Kinds 367 Show data context
(1) Mercantile Men [Women] 63 Show data context
      In Mercantile Pursuits 63 Show data context
(2) Other General Dealers 304 Show data context
      Pawnbroker 15 Show data context
      Gen. Dlr., Costermonger 47 Show data context
      Shopkeeper 105 Show data context
      Shopkeeper?s "Wife" 5 Show data context
      Hawker and Pedlar 81 Show data context
      Other General Dealers 51 Show data context
7. Persons engaged in the Conveyance of Men, Animals, Goods, and Messages 85 Show data context
(1) Carriers on Railways 9 Show data context
      Railway Attendants 9 Show data context
(2) Carriers on Roads 54 Show data context
      Toll Collector 44 Show data context
      Coach, Omn. Cab, Ownr. 3 Show data context
      Carrier, Carter 6 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(3) Carriers on Canals and Rivers 2 Show data context
      On Canals and Rivers 2 Show data context
      Boat, Barge,--Woman 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(4) Carriers on Seas and Rivers 14 Show data context
      In Sea Navigation 0 Show data context
      Shipowner 4 Show data context
      Others 10 Show data context
(5) Engaged in Storage 0 Show data context
      Warehouse Woman 0 Show data context
      Others in Storage 0 Show data context
(6) Messengers and Porters 6 Show data context
      Mess., Port., Errand Girl 6 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
8. Persons possessing or working the Land, and engaged in growing Grain, Fruits, Grasses, Animals, and other Products 6,171 Show data context
(1) In Fields and Pastures (Agriculturists) 6,132 Show data context
      Land Proprietor 462 Show data context
      Farmer, Grazier 358 Show data context
      Farmer?s "Wife" 3,344 Show data context
      Farmer?s "Dau.," "Grd.-dau.," "Str.," "Niece" 1,378 Show data context
      Agricultural Labourer. 452 Show data context
      Farm Servant (in-door) 130 Show data context
      Others in Agriculture 8 Show data context
(2) In Woods (Arboriculturists) 0 Show data context
      Others in Arboriculture 0 Show data context
(3) In Gardens (Horticulturists) 39 Show data context
      Gardener 37 Show data context
      Others in Horticulture 2 Show data context
9. Persons engaged about Animals 7 Show data context
(1) Persons engaged about Animals 7 Show data context
      Fisherwoman 4 Show data context
      Others 3 Show data context
10. Persons engaged in Art and Mechanic Productions, in which Matters of various kinds are employed in combination 1,052 Show data context
(1) In Books 53 Show data context
      Bookseller, Publisher 29 Show data context
      Bookbinder 9 Show data context
      Printer 3 Show data context
      Others in Publications 12 Show data context
(2) In Musical Instrument 1 Show data context
      In Musical Instruments 1 Show data context
(3) In Prints and Pictures 0 Show data context
      In Maps, Pictures 0 Show data context
(4) In Carving and Figures 9 Show data context
      In Carving and Figures 0 Show data context
      Artificial Flower-maker 6 Show data context
      Others 3 Show data context
(5) in Tackle for Sport and Games 32 Show data context
      Toy Maker, Dealer 31 Show data context
      Bow, Bat, Tackle,--Mak. 1 Show data context
(6) In Designs, Medals, and Dies 0 Show data context
      Pattern Designer 0 Show data context
      Eng. about Medals, &c. 0 Show data context
(7) In Watches and Philosophical Instruments 4 Show data context
      Watchmkr., Clockmkr. 4 Show data context
      Mkr., Dlr., in Phil. Insts. 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(8) In Surgical Instruments 0 Show data context
      Surgical Instrumt. Mak. 0 Show data context
(9) In Arms 11 Show data context
      In manuf. of Arms 11 Show data context
(10) In Machines 3 Show data context
      Needle Manufacture 0 Show data context
      Scissors-maker 0 Show data context
      Steel Pen Maker 0 Show data context
      File-maker 0 Show data context
      Cutler 1 Show data context
      Others 2 Show data context
(11) In Carriages 4 Show data context
      Carriage-maker 4 Show data context
      Coachmaker 0 Show data context
(12) In Harness 6 Show data context
      Saddler, Harness-maker 6 Show data context
      Whip-maker 0 Show data context
(13) In Ships 2 Show data context
      Ship, Boat,--Builder 2 Show data context
(14) In Houses and Buildings 807 Show data context
      House Proprietor 778 Show data context
      Painter, Plumber, Glazr. 8 Show data context
      Others 21 Show data context
(15) In Furniture 105 Show data context
      Cabinet-maker, Uphol. 78 Show data context
      Chair-maker 7 Show data context
      Furniture Broker 16 Show data context
      Others 4 Show data context
(16) In Implements 2 Show data context
      Implement Maker 2 Show data context
(17) In Chemicals 13 Show data context
      Dyer, Calenderer 10 Show data context
      Others 3 Show data context
11. Persons working and Dealing in the Textile Fabrics and in Dress 14,522 Show data context
(1) In Wool and Worsted 52 Show data context
      Knitter 4 Show data context
      Woollen Cloth manuf. 4 Show data context
      Clothier 2 Show data context
      Worsted manufacture 1 Show data context
      Stuff manufacture 0 Show data context
      Berlin Wool,--Dlr., Wkr. 40 Show data context
      Flannel manufacture 0 Show data context
      Carpet, Rug,--manuf. 0 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(2) In Silk 15 Show data context
      Silk manufacture 7 Show data context
      Ribbon manufacture 2 Show data context
      Fancy Goods (Silk) 0 Show data context
      Others 6 Show data context
(3) In Cotton and Flax 43 Show data context
      Flax, Linen,--manuf. 1 Show data context
      Thread manufacture 0 Show data context
      Tape manuf., Dealer 0 Show data context
      Lace manufacture 16 Show data context
      Cotton manufacture 2 Show data context
      Fustian manufacture 0 Show data context
      Muslin manufacture 0 Show data context
      Muslin Embroiderer 2 Show data context
      Calico, Cotton,--Printer 17 Show data context
      Calico, Cotton,--Dyer 0 Show data context
      Others 5 Show data context
(4) In Mixed Materials (1, 2, 3.) 293 Show data context
      Weaver (undefined) 2 Show data context
      Draper, Mercer 280 Show data context
      Trimming-maker 0 Show data context
      Embroiderer 7 Show data context
      Others 4 Show data context
(5) In Dress 14,099 Show data context
      Hatter, Hat manuf. 2 Show data context
      Straw Plait manuf. 5 Show data context
      Straw Hat, Bonnet, Mak. 79 Show data context
      Bonnet-maker 58 Show data context
      Cap-maker 6 Show data context
      Shawl manufacture 0 Show data context
      Furrier 9 Show data context
      Tailor 302 Show data context
      Clothes Dealer, Outfitter 26 Show data context
      Button-maker 1 Show data context
      Milliner, Dressmaker 5,028 Show data context
      Shirtmaker, Seamstress 1,360 Show data context
      Stay-maker 129 Show data context
      Fancy Worker 9 Show data context
      Hose, Stocking,--manuf. 3 Show data context
      Hosier, Haberdasher 23 Show data context
      Glover, Leather, &c. 39 Show data context
      Glove Knitter 1 Show data context
      Shoemaker, Bootmaker 489 Show data context
      Shoemaker's "Wife" 1,999 Show data context
      Umbrella, Stick,--Mak. 8 Show data context
      Laundress 4,509 Show data context
      Others 14 Show data context
(6) In Hemp and other Fibrous Materials 20 Show data context
      Mat Maker, Seller 7 Show data context
      Hemp manufacture 0 Show data context
      Rope, Cord,--Maker 4 Show data context
      Net-maker 4 Show data context
      Canvas Maker, Dealer 0 Show data context
      Sailcloth manufacture 0 Show data context
      Other Workers in Hemp 5 Show data context
12. Persons working and dealing in Food and Drinks 1,963 Show data context
(1) In Animal Food 969 Show data context
      Cowkeeper, Milkseller 58 Show data context
      Cheesemonger 1 Show data context
      Butcher 74 Show data context
      Butcher?s "Wife" 780 Show data context
      Provision Curer, Dealer 2 Show data context
      Poulterer, Game Dealer 15 Show data context
      Fishmonger 36 Show data context
      Others 3 Show data context
(2) In Vegetable Food 515 Show data context
      Miller 12 Show data context
      Flour Dealer, Agent 2 Show data context
      Baker 159 Show data context
      Confectioner 95 Show data context
      Greengrocer, Fruiterer 232 Show data context
      Fruit, Flower,--Vendor 5 Show data context
      Others 10 Show data context
(3) In Drinks and Stimulants 479 Show data context
      Brewer, &c. 8 Show data context
      Wine Merchant 7 Show data context
      Grocer, Tea Dealer 433 Show data context
      Tobo ,Cig.,Snuff, manuf. 1 Show data context
      Tobacconist 25 Show data context
      Others 5 Show data context
13. Persons working and dealing in Animal Substances 15 Show data context
(1) In Grease, Gut, Bones, Horn, Ivory, and Whalebone 8 Show data context
      Tallow-chandler 5 Show data context
      Comb-maker 0 Show data context
      Others 3 Show data context
(2) In Skins, Feathers, and Quills 5 Show data context
      Currier 3 Show data context
      Others 2 Show data context
(3) In Hair 2 Show data context
      Hair, Bristle,--manuf. 0 Show data context
      Brush, Broom,--Maker 2 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
14. Persons working and dealing in Vegetable Substances 1,145 Show data context
(1) In Gums and Resins 0 Show data context
      French-polisher 0 Show data context
      Japanner 0 Show data context
      In Gums and Resins 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(2) In Wood 9 Show data context
      Wood Dealer 5 Show data context
      Box-maker 0 Show data context
      Others 4 Show data context
(3) In Bark 3 Show data context
      Workers, Dlrs., in Bark 3 Show data context
(4) In Cane, Rush, and Straw 13 Show data context
      Basket-maker 12 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(5) In Paper 1,120 Show data context
      Rag Gatherer, Dealer 3 Show data context
      Paper manufacture 1,067 Show data context
      Stationer (not Law) 44 Show data context
      Envelope-maker 4 Show data context
      Paper-box Maker 0 Show data context
      Paper-stainer 0 Show data context
      Other Workers in Paper 2 Show data context
15. Persons working and dealing in Minerals 119 Show data context
(1) In Mining 0 Show data context
      In Minerals 0 Show data context
(2) In Coal 20 Show data context
      Coal Merchant, Dealer 12 Show data context
      Coal Labourer 0 Show data context
      Others 8 Show data context
(3) In Stone, Clay 25 Show data context
      Brick Maker, Dealer 18 Show data context
      Others 7 Show data context
(4) In Earthenware 30 Show data context
      Earthenware manuf. 0 Show data context
      Tobacco-pipe Maker 2 Show data context
      Earthenw., Glass, Dealer 27 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(5) In Glass 1 Show data context
      Glass manufacture 1 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(6) In Salt 0 Show data context
      Salt Makers and Dealers 0 Show data context
(7) In Water 2 Show data context
      Water Provider 2 Show data context
(8) In Gold, Silver, and Precious Stones 4 Show data context
      In Gold, Silver, &c. 0 Show data context
      Goldsmith, Jeweller 3 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(9) In Copper 1 Show data context
      Workers, Dlrs., in Copper 1 Show data context
(10) In Tin and Quicksilver 1 Show data context
      Tin manufacture 0 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(11) In Zinc 0 Show data context
      In Zinc 0 Show data context
(12) In Lead and Antimony 0 Show data context
      In Lead 0 Show data context
(13) In Brass and other mixed Metals 1 Show data context
      Pin manufacture 0 Show data context
      Lacquerer 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
      In Brass 1 Show data context
(14) In Iron and Steel 34 Show data context
      Iron manufacture 0 Show data context
      Blacksmith 23 Show data context
      Nail manufacture 0 Show data context
      Anchor, Chain, Smith 0 Show data context
      Ironmonger 9 Show data context
      Screw Cutter, Maker 0 Show data context
      In Iron and Steel 2 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
16. Labourers and others - Branch of Labour undefined 124 Show data context
(1) General Labourers 30 Show data context
      Labourer 30 Show data context
(2) Other Persons of indefinite Occupations 94 Show data context
      Shopwoman, Assistant 42 Show data context
      Others of indef. occupn. 52 Show data context
17. Persons of Rank or Property, not returned under any Office or Occupation 3,197 Show data context
(1) Persons of Rank or property, not returned under any Office or Occupation 3,197 Show data context
      Gentlewoman 914 Show data context
      Annuitant 2,283 Show data context
18. Persons supported by the Community and of no specified Occupation 1,701 Show data context
(1) On Income from voluntary Sources and Rates 1,639 Show data context
      Dependent on relatives 51 Show data context
      Almsperson, no. stat. occ. 362 Show data context
      Pauper, no stated occ. 1,003 Show data context
      Lunatic, no stated occ. 197 Show data context
      Others 26 Show data context
(2) Prisoners and others of Criminal Class 7 Show data context
      Prisoner, no stated occ. 0 Show data context
      Others of Criminal Class 7 Show data context
(3) Vagrants and Gipsies 55 Show data context
      Vagrant, Beggar 54 Show data context
      Gipsy 1 Show data context
19. Persons of no stated Rank, Profession, or Occupation 2,719 Show data context
      Visitor, no stated occ. 990 Show data context
      Others of no stated occupation or condition. 1,729 Show data context

Comments:

1 Note that the original table is organised into the Orders and sub-Orders listed here, but provides counts only for the individual occupations.

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

David Allan Gatley (School of Social Sciences, University of Staffordshire). Role: transcriber. Restrictions on use: the contributor must be acknowledged but the data may be freely used for non-commercial purposes.