1861 Census of England and Wales, Ages (Sample Report Title: Population Tables. Ages, Civil Condition, Occupations and Birth-places of the People: with the Ages and Occupations of the Blind, of the Deaf-and-dumb, and of the inmates of certain public institutions Part II), Table 18 : " Occupations of Females aged 20 Years and upwards in Districts".

List England Dep Norfolk RegC
OCCUPATIONS [Males]
[1]
Total of Females 127,010 Show data context
1. Persons engaged in the General or Local Government of the Country 129 Show data context
(1) Officers of National Government 69 Show data context
      Post Office 68 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(2) Officers of Local Government 60 Show data context
      Prison Officer 4 Show data context
      Union and Parish Officer 56 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
3. Persons engaged in the Learned Professions or engaged in Literature, Art, and Science (with their immediate Subordinates) 2,001 Show data context
(1) Clergymen, Ministers, and Church Officers 20 Show data context
      (a) Religious Teachers 12 Show data context
      (b) Pew Opener 5 Show data context
      Other Church Officers 3 Show data context
(2) Lawyers, Law Court Officers, and Law Stationers 0 Show data context
      Law Stationer, &c. 0 Show data context
(3) Physicians, Surgeons, and Druggists 94 Show data context
      Druggist 9 Show data context
      Midwife 85 Show data context
      Other Dealers in Drugs 0 Show data context
(4) Authors and Literary Persons 6 Show data context
      In Literature 6 Show data context
(5) Artists 10 Show data context
      Artist, Painter 10 Show data context
      Engaged in Fine Arts 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(6) Musicians, Teachers of Music 49 Show data context
      (6} Musician 11 Show data context
      Music-mistress 38 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(7) Actors, Actresses 10 Show data context
      Actress 7 Show data context
      In Theatres, Exhibitions 3 Show data context
(8) Teachers 1,812 Show data context
      Schoolmistress 1,141 Show data context
      Teacher of Languages 16 Show data context
      General Teacher 180 Show data context
      Governess 471 Show data context
      Other Teachers 4 Show data context
(9) Scientific Persons 0 Show data context
      Scientific Person 0 Show data context
4. Persons engaged in the Domestic Officers or Duties of Wives, Mothers, Mistresses of Families, Children, Relatives (not otherwise returned) 70,763 Show data context
(1) Wives 58,569 Show data context
      Wives (not oth. des.) 58,569 Show data context
(2) Widows 6,222 Show data context
      Widows (not oth. des.) 6,222 Show data context
(3) Children and Relatives at home (not otherwise described) 5,918 Show data context
      Children and Relatives 5,918 Show data context
(4) Scholars (so described) 54 Show data context
      Scholars (so described) 54 Show data context
5. Persons engaged in entertaining, and performing Personal Offices for Man 15,916 Show data context
(1) In Board and Lodging 2,002 Show data context
      Innkeeper, Hotelkeeper 169 Show data context
      Innkeeper?s "Wife" 644 Show data context
      Publican 126 Show data context
      Beerseller 39 Show data context
      Publican?s "Wife" 677 Show data context
      Lodging-house Keeper 293 Show data context
      Lodg.-ho. Kpr.'s "Wife" 25 Show data context
      Coffee-house Keeper 7 Show data context
      Officer of Institution 10 Show data context
      Others 12 Show data context
(2) Attendance (Domestic Servants, &c.) 13,914 Show data context
      Domst. Serv. (General) 5,554 Show data context
      Housekeeper 2,003 Show data context
      Cook 1,558 Show data context
      Housemaid 1,359 Show data context
      Nurse 654 Show data context
      Laundrymaid 67 Show data context
      Inn Servant 173 Show data context
      Hospital Nurse, &c. 69 Show data context
      Nurse (not Domst. Servt.) 575 Show data context
      Charwoman 1,885 Show data context
      Others 17 Show data context
6. Persons who buy or sell, keep, or lend Money, Houses or Goods of various Kinds 671 Show data context
(1) Mercantile Men [Women] 35 Show data context
      In Mercantile Pursuits 35 Show data context
(2) Other General Dealers 636 Show data context
      Pawnbroker 8 Show data context
      Gen. Dlr., Costermonger 31 Show data context
      Shopkeeper 364 Show data context
      Shopkeeper?s "Wife" 155 Show data context
      Hawker and Pedlar 59 Show data context
      Other General Dealers 19 Show data context
7. Persons engaged in the Conveyance of Men, Animals, Goods, and Messages 66 Show data context
(1) Carriers on Railways 4 Show data context
      Railway Attendants 4 Show data context
(2) Carriers on Roads 21 Show data context
      Toll Collector 6 Show data context
      Coach, Omn. Cab, Ownr. 1 Show data context
      Carrier, Carter 12 Show data context
      Others 2 Show data context
(3) Carriers on Canals and Rivers 3 Show data context
      On Canals and Rivers 1 Show data context
      Boat, Barge,--Woman 2 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(4) Carriers on Seas and Rivers 8 Show data context
      In Sea Navigation 0 Show data context
      Shipowner 7 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(5) Engaged in Storage 15 Show data context
      Warehouse Woman 15 Show data context
      Others in Storage 0 Show data context
(6) Messengers and Porters 15 Show data context
      Mess., Port., Errand Girl 15 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
8. Persons possessing or working the Land, and engaged in growing Grain, Fruits, Grasses, Animals, and other Products 9,701 Show data context
(1) In Fields and Pastures (Agriculturists) 9,666 Show data context
      Land Proprietor 336 Show data context
      Farmer, Grazier 489 Show data context
      Farmer?s "Wife" 4,622 Show data context
      Farmer?s "Dau.," "Grd.-dau.," "Str.," "Niece" 1,320 Show data context
      Agricultural Labourer. 2,043 Show data context
      Farm Servant (in-door) 856 Show data context
      Others in Agriculture 0 Show data context
(2) In Woods (Arboriculturists) 0 Show data context
      Others in Arboriculture 0 Show data context
(3) In Gardens (Horticulturists) 35 Show data context
      Gardener 35 Show data context
      Others in Horticulture 0 Show data context
9. Persons engaged about Animals 8 Show data context
(1) Persons engaged about Animals 8 Show data context
      Fisherwoman 8 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
10. Persons engaged in Art and Mechanic Productions, in which Matters of various kinds are employed in combination 815 Show data context
(1) In Books 35 Show data context
      Bookseller, Publisher 15 Show data context
      Bookbinder 11 Show data context
      Printer 5 Show data context
      Others in Publications 4 Show data context
(2) In Musical Instrument 2 Show data context
      In Musical Instruments 2 Show data context
(3) In Prints and Pictures 3 Show data context
      In Maps, Pictures 3 Show data context
(4) In Carving and Figures 0 Show data context
      In Carving and Figures 0 Show data context
      Artificial Flower-maker 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(5) in Tackle for Sport and Games 13 Show data context
      Toy Maker, Dealer 13 Show data context
      Bow, Bat, Tackle,--Mak. 0 Show data context
(6) In Designs, Medals, and Dies 0 Show data context
      Pattern Designer 0 Show data context
      Eng. about Medals, &c. 0 Show data context
(7) In Watches and Philosophical Instruments 5 Show data context
      Watchmkr., Clockmkr. 5 Show data context
      Mkr., Dlr., in Phil. Insts. 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(8) In Surgical Instruments 0 Show data context
      Surgical Instrumt. Mak. 0 Show data context
(9) In Arms 0 Show data context
      In manuf. of Arms 0 Show data context
(10) In Machines 25 Show data context
      Needle Manufacture 0 Show data context
      Scissors-maker 0 Show data context
      Steel Pen Maker 0 Show data context
      File-maker 0 Show data context
      Cutler 2 Show data context
      Others 23 Show data context
(11) In Carriages 2 Show data context
      Carriage-maker 2 Show data context
      Coachmaker 0 Show data context
(12) In Harness 9 Show data context
      Saddler, Harness-maker 9 Show data context
      Whip-maker 0 Show data context
(13) In Ships 1 Show data context
      Ship, Boat,--Builder 1 Show data context
(14) In Houses and Buildings 564 Show data context
      House Proprietor 546 Show data context
      Painter, Plumber, Glazr. 7 Show data context
      Others 11 Show data context
(15) In Furniture 132 Show data context
      Cabinet-maker, Uphol. 116 Show data context
      Chair-maker 0 Show data context
      Furniture Broker 12 Show data context
      Others 4 Show data context
(16) In Implements 2 Show data context
      Implement Maker 2 Show data context
(17) In Chemicals 22 Show data context
      Dyer, Calenderer 18 Show data context
      Others 4 Show data context
11. Persons working and Dealing in the Textile Fabrics and in Dress 18,959 Show data context
(1) In Wool and Worsted 274 Show data context
      Knitter 42 Show data context
      Woollen Cloth manuf. 49 Show data context
      Clothier 0 Show data context
      Worsted manufacture 163 Show data context
      Stuff manufacture 0 Show data context
      Berlin Wool,--Dlr., Wkr. 13 Show data context
      Flannel manufacture 0 Show data context
      Carpet, Rug,--manuf. 1 Show data context
      Others 6 Show data context
(2) In Silk 2,071 Show data context
      Silk manufacture 2,030 Show data context
      Ribbon manufacture 1 Show data context
      Fancy Goods (Silk) 8 Show data context
      Others 32 Show data context
(3) In Cotton and Flax 385 Show data context
      Flax, Linen,--manuf. 8 Show data context
      Thread manufacture 0 Show data context
      Tape manuf., Dealer 1 Show data context
      Lace manufacture 11 Show data context
      Cotton manufacture 364 Show data context
      Fustian manufacture 0 Show data context
      Muslin manufacture 0 Show data context
      Muslin Embroiderer 0 Show data context
      Calico, Cotton,--Printer 1 Show data context
      Calico, Cotton,--Dyer 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(4) In Mixed Materials (1, 2, 3.) 649 Show data context
      Weaver (undefined) 272 Show data context
      Draper, Mercer 316 Show data context
      Trimming-maker 0 Show data context
      Embroiderer 9 Show data context
      Others 52 Show data context
(5) In Dress 15,476 Show data context
      Hatter, Hat manuf. 9 Show data context
      Straw Plait manuf. 4 Show data context
      Straw Hat, Bonnet, Mak. 226 Show data context
      Bonnet-maker 24 Show data context
      Cap-maker 28 Show data context
      Shawl manufacture 20 Show data context
      Furrier 121 Show data context
      Tailor 741 Show data context
      Clothes Dealer, Outfitter 23 Show data context
      Button-maker 1 Show data context
      Milliner, Dressmaker 5,606 Show data context
      Shirtmaker, Seamstress 1,001 Show data context
      Stay-maker 174 Show data context
      Fancy Worker 29 Show data context
      Hose, Stocking,--manuf. 16 Show data context
      Hosier, Haberdasher 20 Show data context
      Glover, Leather, &c. 142 Show data context
      Glove Knitter 2 Show data context
      Shoemaker, Bootmaker 2,111 Show data context
      Shoemaker's "Wife" 2,304 Show data context
      Umbrella, Stick,--Mak. 9 Show data context
      Laundress 2,856 Show data context
      Others 9 Show data context
(6) In Hemp and other Fibrous Materials 104 Show data context
      Mat Maker, Seller 11 Show data context
      Hemp manufacture 1 Show data context
      Rope, Cord,--Maker 2 Show data context
      Net-maker 71 Show data context
      Canvas Maker, Dealer 0 Show data context
      Sailcloth manufacture 0 Show data context
      Other Workers in Hemp 19 Show data context
12. Persons working and dealing in Food and Drinks 1,519 Show data context
(1) In Animal Food 823 Show data context
      Cowkeeper, Milkseller 38 Show data context
      Cheesemonger 1 Show data context
      Butcher 84 Show data context
      Butcher?s "Wife" 579 Show data context
      Provision Curer, Dealer 8 Show data context
      Poulterer, Game Dealer 5 Show data context
      Fishmonger 107 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(2) In Vegetable Food 326 Show data context
      Miller 12 Show data context
      Flour Dealer, Agent 15 Show data context
      Baker 110 Show data context
      Confectioner 79 Show data context
      Greengrocer, Fruiterer 100 Show data context
      Fruit, Flower,--Vendor 2 Show data context
      Others 8 Show data context
(3) In Drinks and Stimulants 370 Show data context
      Brewer, &c. 5 Show data context
      Wine Merchant 4 Show data context
      Grocer, Tea Dealer 335 Show data context
      Tobo ,Cig.,Snuff, manuf. 2 Show data context
      Tobacconist 5 Show data context
      Others 19 Show data context
13. Persons working and dealing in Animal Substances 82 Show data context
(1) In Grease, Gut, Bones, Horn, Ivory, and Whalebone 2 Show data context
      Tallow-chandler 0 Show data context
      Comb-maker 0 Show data context
      Others 2 Show data context
(2) In Skins, Feathers, and Quills 9 Show data context
      Currier 1 Show data context
      Others 8 Show data context
(3) In Hair 71 Show data context
      Hair, Bristle,--manuf. 48 Show data context
      Brush, Broom,--Maker 23 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
14. Persons working and dealing in Vegetable Substances 166 Show data context
(1) In Gums and Resins 2 Show data context
      French-polisher 1 Show data context
      Japanner 0 Show data context
      In Gums and Resins 0 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(2) In Wood 20 Show data context
      Wood Dealer 3 Show data context
      Box-maker 15 Show data context
      Others 2 Show data context
(3) In Bark 2 Show data context
      Workers, Dlrs., in Bark 2 Show data context
(4) In Cane, Rush, and Straw 9 Show data context
      Basket-maker 8 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(5) In Paper 133 Show data context
      Rag Gatherer, Dealer 7 Show data context
      Paper manufacture 76 Show data context
      Stationer (not Law) 16 Show data context
      Envelope-maker 0 Show data context
      Paper-box Maker 34 Show data context
      Paper-stainer 0 Show data context
      Other Workers in Paper 0 Show data context
15. Persons working and dealing in Minerals 72 Show data context
(1) In Mining 1 Show data context
      In Minerals 1 Show data context
(2) In Coal 7 Show data context
      Coal Merchant, Dealer 6 Show data context
      Coal Labourer 1 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(3) In Stone, Clay 4 Show data context
      Brick Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context
      Others 2 Show data context
(4) In Earthenware 23 Show data context
      Earthenware manuf. 0 Show data context
      Tobacco-pipe Maker 10 Show data context
      Earthenw., Glass, Dealer 13 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(5) In Glass 0 Show data context
      Glass manufacture 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(6) In Salt 0 Show data context
      Salt Makers and Dealers 0 Show data context
(7) In Water 0 Show data context
      Water Provider 0 Show data context
(8) In Gold, Silver, and Precious Stones 6 Show data context
      In Gold, Silver, &c. 0 Show data context
      Goldsmith, Jeweller 6 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(9) In Copper 0 Show data context
      Workers, Dlrs., in Copper 0 Show data context
(10) In Tin and Quicksilver 3 Show data context
      Tin manufacture 1 Show data context
      Others 2 Show data context
(11) In Zinc 0 Show data context
      In Zinc 0 Show data context
(12) In Lead and Antimony 0 Show data context
      In Lead 0 Show data context
(13) In Brass and other mixed Metals 3 Show data context
      Pin manufacture 0 Show data context
      Lacquerer 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
      In Brass 3 Show data context
(14) In Iron and Steel 25 Show data context
      Iron manufacture 2 Show data context
      Blacksmith 14 Show data context
      Nail manufacture 0 Show data context
      Anchor, Chain, Smith 0 Show data context
      Ironmonger 7 Show data context
      Screw Cutter, Maker 0 Show data context
      In Iron and Steel 2 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
16. Labourers and others - Branch of Labour undefined 228 Show data context
(1) General Labourers 13 Show data context
      Labourer 13 Show data context
(2) Other Persons of indefinite Occupations 215 Show data context
      Shopwoman, Assistant 107 Show data context
      Others of indef. occupn. 108 Show data context
17. Persons of Rank or Property, not returned under any Office or Occupation 1,697 Show data context
(1) Persons of Rank or property, not returned under any Office or Occupation 1,697 Show data context
      Gentlewoman 545 Show data context
      Annuitant 1,152 Show data context
18. Persons supported by the Community and of no specified Occupation 2,201 Show data context
(1) On Income from voluntary Sources and Rates 2,195 Show data context
      Dependent on relatives 51 Show data context
      Almsperson, no. stat. occ. 526 Show data context
      Pauper, no stated occ. 1,518 Show data context
      Lunatic, no stated occ. 83 Show data context
      Others 17 Show data context
(2) Prisoners and others of Criminal Class 0 Show data context
      Prisoner, no stated occ. 0 Show data context
      Others of Criminal Class 0 Show data context
(3) Vagrants and Gipsies 6 Show data context
      Vagrant, Beggar 6 Show data context
      Gipsy 0 Show data context
19. Persons of no stated Rank, Profession, or Occupation 2,016 Show data context
      Visitor, no stated occ. 725 Show data context
      Others of no stated occupation or condition. 1,291 Show data context

Comments:

1 Note that the original table is organised into the Orders and sub-Orders listed here, but provides counts only for the individual occupations.

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

David Allan Gatley (School of Social Sciences, University of Staffordshire). Role: transcriber. Restrictions on use: the contributor must be acknowledged but the data may be freely used for non-commercial purposes.