1861 Census of England and Wales, Ages (Sample Report Title: Population Tables. Ages, Civil Condition, Occupations and Birth-places of the People: with the Ages and Occupations of the Blind, of the Deaf-and-dumb, and of the inmates of certain public institutions Part II), Table 17 : " Occupations of Males aged 20 Years and upwards in Districts".

List England Dep Bedfordshire RegC
OCCUPATIONS [Males]
[1]
Total of Males 33,607 Show data context
1. Persons engaged in the General or Local Government of the Country 300 Show data context
(1) Officers of National Government 116 Show data context
      Civ. Serv. not in Rev. Dep. 9 Show data context
      Post Office 69 Show data context
      Inland Revenue 26 Show data context
      Customs 2 Show data context
      Government Messengers, Workmen 4 Show data context
      Dockyard Artificers 0 Show data context
      Other Govt. 6 Show data context
(2) Officers of Local Government 176 Show data context
      Magistrate 14 Show data context
      Police 106 Show data context
      Prison Officer 14 Show data context
      Union and Parish Officer 34 Show data context
      Officer of Local Board 0 Show data context
      Other Local Officers 8 Show data context
(3) Officers of East India and Colonial Government 8 Show data context
      E. India and Col. Service 8 Show data context
2. Persons engaged in the Defence of the Country 219 Show data context
(1) Army 186 Show data context
      Army Officer 30 Show data context
      Army Half-pay Officer 18 Show data context
      Soldier 20 Show data context
      Chelsea Pensioner 94 Show data context
      Militia 23 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(2) Navy 33 Show data context
      Navy Officer 2 Show data context
      Navy Half-pay Officer 2 Show data context
      Seaman, R.N. 0 Show data context
      Royal Marine 8 Show data context
      Greenwich Pensioner 20 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
3. Persons engaged in the Learned Professions or engaged in Literature, Art, and Science (with their immediate Subordinates) 741 Show data context
(1) Clergymen, Ministers, and Church Officers 291 Show data context
      Clergyman 160 Show data context
      Protestant Minister 80 Show data context
      Roman Catholic Priest 1 Show data context
      Other Relig. Teachers 13 Show data context
      Parish Clerk 30 Show data context
      Other Church Officers 7 Show data context
(2) Lawyers, Law Court Officers, and Law Stationers 93 Show data context
      Barrister 7 Show data context
      Solicitor 44 Show data context
      Law Student 1 Show data context
      Other Lawyers 0 Show data context
      Officers of Law Court 4 Show data context
      Law Clerk 37 Show data context
      Law Stationer 0 Show data context
(3) Physicians, Surgeons, and Druggists 150 Show data context
      Physician 14 Show data context
      Surgeon, Apothecary 64 Show data context
      Medical Student, Assist. 13 Show data context
      Dentist 3 Show data context
      Druggist 55 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(4) Authors and Literary Persons 6 Show data context
      Author, Editor, Writer 3 Show data context
      Ors. eng. in Literature 3 Show data context
(5) Artists 17 Show data context
      Artist, Painter 9 Show data context
      Sculptor 0 Show data context
      Engraver 2 Show data context
      Photographic Artist 6 Show data context
      Ors. Eng. in the Fine Arts 0 Show data context
(6) Musicians, Teachers of Music 44 Show data context
      Musician 34 Show data context
      Music-master 10 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(7) Actors, Actresses 2 Show data context
      Actor 2 Show data context
      In Theatres, Exhibitions 0 Show data context
(8) Teachers 129 Show data context
      Schoolmaster 121 Show data context
      Teacher of Languages 3 Show data context
      Profes. of Mathematics 1 Show data context
      Teacher (General) 4 Show data context
      Teacher of Dancing 0 Show data context
      Other Teachers 0 Show data context
(9) Scientific Persons 9 Show data context
      Civil Engineer 4 Show data context
      Other Scientific Persons 5 Show data context
4. Persons engaged in the Domestic Officers or Duties of Wives, Mothers, Mistresses of Families, Children, Relatives (not otherwise returned) 65 Show data context
(3) Children and Relatives at home (not otherwise described) 34 Show data context
      Son, Grandson, Brother, Neph. (not oth. Des.) 34 Show data context
(4) Scholars (so described) 31 Show data context
      Scholar (so described) 31 Show data context
5. Persons engaged in entertaining, and performing Personal Offices for Man 1,154 Show data context
(1) In Board and Lodging 545 Show data context
      Innkeeper, Hotelkeeper 103 Show data context
      Publican 362 Show data context
      Beerseller 63 Show data context
      Lodg., Boardg.-house K. 3 Show data context
      Coffee-house Keeper 2 Show data context
      Cook (not Domst. Serv.) 1 Show data context
      Others--Boarding, &c. 11 Show data context
(2) Attendance (Domestic Servants, &c.) 609 Show data context
      Domst. Serv. (General) 257 Show data context
      Coachman 61 Show data context
      Groom 116 Show data context
      Gardener 81 Show data context
      Inn Servant 61 Show data context
      Hosp. Attent., Nurse, &c. 26 Show data context
      Others 7 Show data context
6. Persons who buy or sell, keep, or lend Money, Houses or Goods of various Kinds 475 Show data context
(1) Mercantile Men [Women] 230 Show data context
      Merchant 21 Show data context
      Banker 10 Show data context
      Insur., Ben. Soci. Offr. 1 Show data context
      Stock Broker, &c. 0 Show data context
      Ship Broker, Agent 0 Show data context
      Broker 7 Show data context
      Agent, Factor 20 Show data context
      Coal, Colliery Agent 8 Show data context
      Iron Merchant, Agent 0 Show data context
      Salesman 2 Show data context
      Auctioneer, Apprsr., Val. 24 Show data context
      Accountant 10 Show data context
      Commercial Clerk 83 Show data context
      Commercial Traveller 42 Show data context
      Other Mercantile Men 2 Show data context
(2) Other General Dealers 245 Show data context
      Pawnbroker 4 Show data context
      Marine-store Dealer 33 Show data context
      Ge. Dlr., Costermonger 124 Show data context
      Shopkeeper 16 Show data context
      Hawker, Pedlar 68 Show data context
      Other General Dealers 0 Show data context
7. Persons engaged in the Conveyance of Men, Animals, Goods, and Messages 620 Show data context
(1) Carriers on Railways 193 Show data context
      Rail. Engine Driver, &c. 24 Show data context
      Railway Official 69 Show data context
      Railway Servant 98 Show data context
      Railway Police 0 Show data context
      Ors. eng. in 2 Show data context
(2) Carriers on Roads 227 Show data context
      Toll Collector 22 Show data context
      Coach, Omn., Cab, Ownr. 2 Show data context
      Livery Staple Keeper 1 Show data context
      Coachman (not domstc.) 38 Show data context
      Cabman, Flyman 2 Show data context
      Carm., Carr., Carter, Dray. 162 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(3) Carriers on Canals and Rivers 61 Show data context
      Canal and River Service 25 Show data context
      Bargeman, Waterman 36 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(4) Carriers on Seas and Rivers 20 Show data context
      Shipowner 1 Show data context
      Seaman (Mercht. Serv.) 5 Show data context
      Pilot 1 Show data context
      Boatman on Seas 0 Show data context
      Dock Servant, Labourer 8 Show data context
      Wharfinger 5 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(5) Engaged in Storage 60 Show data context
      Warehsmn. (not Manch.) 60 Show data context
      Others in Storage 0 Show data context
(6) Messengers and Porters 59 Show data context
      Messr., Port., Ernd. Boy 56 Show data context
      Telegraph Service 3 Show data context
      Others in Messages 0 Show data context
8. Persons possessing or working the Land, and engaged in growing Grain, Fruits, Grasses, Animals, and other Products 16,092 Show data context
(1) In Fields and Pastures (Agriculturists) 15,149 Show data context
      Land Proprietor 75 Show data context
      Farmer, Grazier 1,331 Show data context
      Farmer's "Son", "Brother", "Grandson" 330 Show data context
      Farm Bailiff 145 Show data context
      Agricultural Labourer 12,660 Show data context
      Shepherd (out-door) 445 Show data context
      Farm Servant (in-door) 118 Show data context
      Land Surv., Estate Agt. 22 Show data context
      Others in Agriculture 23 Show data context
(2) In Woods (Arboriculturists) 85 Show data context
      Woodman 85 Show data context
      Others in Arboriculture 0 Show data context
(3) In Gardens (Horticulturists) 858 Show data context
      Gardener 843 Show data context
      Nurseryman 14 Show data context
      Others in Horticulture 1 Show data context
9. Persons engaged about Animals 639 Show data context
(1) Persons engaged about Animals 639 Show data context
      Horse Dealer 18 Show data context
      Horsebreaker 6 Show data context
      Horsekpr., Grm., Jockey 320 Show data context
      Farrier, Veterinary Sur. 26 Show data context
      Cattle, Sheep,--Dealer 42 Show data context
      Drover 23 Show data context
      Pig Merchant, Dealer 22 Show data context
      Gamekeeper 134 Show data context
      Vermin Destroyer 24 Show data context
      Fisherman 3 Show data context
      Others about Animals 21 Show data context
10. Persons engaged in Art and Mechanic Productions, in which Matters of various kinds are employed in combination 3,167 Show data context
(1) In Books 78 Show data context
      Bookseller, Publisher 12 Show data context
      Bookbinder 5 Show data context
      Printer 57 Show data context
      Newspaper Agent 0 Show data context
      Others in Publications 4 Show data context
(2) In Musical Instrument 6 Show data context
      Musical Instr. Mak., Dlr. 5 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(3) In Prints and Pictures 1 Show data context
      Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 1 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(4) In Carving and Figures 13 Show data context
      Wood-carver 3 Show data context
      Others 10 Show data context
(5) in Tackle for Sport and Games 2 Show data context
      Toy Maker, Dealer 2 Show data context
      Bow, Bat, Tackle,--Mak. 0 Show data context
(6) In Designs, Medals, and Dies 1 Show data context
      Pattern Designer 1 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(7) In Watches and Philosophical Instruments 66 Show data context
      Watchmkr., Clockmkr. 64 Show data context
      Optician 1 Show data context
      Weight or Measure Mkr. 1 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(8) In Surgical Instruments 0 Show data context
      Surgical Instrmt. Maker 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(9) In Arms 6 Show data context
      Gunsmith, Gun Manuf. 6 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(10) In Machines 86 Show data context
      Eng. and Mach. Maker 62 Show data context
      Spindle-maker 0 Show data context
      Needle manufacture 1 Show data context
      Scissors-maker 1 Show data context
      Tool Maker, Dealer 0 Show data context
      File-maker 0 Show data context
      Saw Smith, Maker 2 Show data context
      Cutler 7 Show data context
      Blade Maker, Forger 0 Show data context
      Knife-maker 0 Show data context
      Razor-maker 0 Show data context
      Others in Tools, Mchns. 13 Show data context
(11) In Carriages 62 Show data context
      Coachmaker 62 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(12) In Harness 86 Show data context
      Saddler, Harness-maker 85 Show data context
      Whip-maker 1 Show data context
(13) In Ships 6 Show data context
      Shipbldr., Shipwright 0 Show data context
      Block, Oar, Mast,--Mak. 2 Show data context
      Boat, Barge,--Builder 3 Show data context
      Sailmaker 0 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(14) In Houses and Buildings 2,336 Show data context
      House Proprietor 48 Show data context
      House Agent 2 Show data context
      Architect 16 Show data context
      Surveyor 7 Show data context
      Builder 106 Show data context
      Carpenter, Joiner 1,000 Show data context
      Bricklayer 730 Show data context
      Marble Mason 0 Show data context
      Mason, Pavior 110 Show data context
      Slater, Tiler 0 Show data context
      Plasterer 25 Show data context
      Paperhanger 6 Show data context
      Plumber, Painter, Glazr. 285 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(15) In Furniture 99 Show data context
      Cabinet Maker, Uphol. 76 Show data context
      Undertaker 0 Show data context
      Chair-maker 5 Show data context
      Picture-frame Maker 0 Show data context
      Carver, Gilder 5 Show data context
      Bedstead, Mattress,--Mak. 1 Show data context
      Furniture Broker 11 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(16) In Implements 281 Show data context
      Wheelwright 232 Show data context
      Millwright 14 Show data context
      Other Implement Mkrs. 35 Show data context
(17) In Chemicals 38 Show data context
      Manuf. Chemist, Laborer 9 Show data context
      Dye, Colour,--manuf. 0 Show data context
      Dyer, Calenderer 27 Show data context
      Others 2 Show data context
11. Persons working and Dealing in the Textile Fabrics and in Dress 3,326 Show data context
(1) In Wool and Worsted 17 Show data context
      Woolstapler 7 Show data context
      Felt manufacture 0 Show data context
      Woollen Cloth manuf. 6 Show data context
      Clothier 3 Show data context
      Fuller 0 Show data context
      Wool, Woollen,--Dyer 0 Show data context
      Worsted manufacture 0 Show data context
      Stuff manufacture 0 Show data context
      Flannel manufacture 0 Show data context
      Blanket manufacture 0 Show data context
      Carpet, Rug,--manuf. 1 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(2) In Silk 3 Show data context
      Silk manufacture 1 Show data context
      Silk Dyer, Printer 0 Show data context
      Silk Mercer 1 Show data context
      Ribbon manufacture 1 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(3) In Cotton and Flax 14 Show data context
      Flax, Linen,--manuf. 0 Show data context
      Thread manufacture 0 Show data context
      Lace manufacture 9 Show data context
      Cotton manufacture 0 Show data context
      Fustian manufacture 0 Show data context
      Muslin manufacture 0 Show data context
      Calico, Cotton,--Printer 0 Show data context
      Calico, Cotton,--Dyer 0 Show data context
      Others 5 Show data context
(4) In Mixed Materials (1, 2, 3.) 250 Show data context
      Packer and Presser 0 Show data context
      Weaver (undefined) 0 Show data context
      Manchester Warehmn. 0 Show data context
      Draper, Mercer 249 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(5) In Dress 2,987 Show data context
      Hairdresser, Wig-maker 42 Show data context
      Hatter, Hat manuf. 26 Show data context
      Straw Plait manuf. 303 Show data context
      Straw Hat, Bonnet Mak. 728 Show data context
      Shawl manufacture 0 Show data context
      Furrier 3 Show data context
      Tailor 549 Show data context
      Clothes Dealer, Outfitr. 9 Show data context
      Button-maker 0 Show data context
      Hose manufacture 0 Show data context
      Hosier, Haberdasher 8 Show data context
      Glover, Leather, &c. 13 Show data context
      Shoemaker, Bootmaker 1,074 Show data context
      Patten, Clog,--Maker 2 Show data context
      Umbrella, Stick,--Mak. 8 Show data context
      Others providing Dress 222 Show data context
(6) In Hemp and other Fibrous Materials 55 Show data context
      Mat Maker, Seller 35 Show data context
      Rope, Cord,--Maker 19 Show data context
      Canvas Maker, Dealer 0 Show data context
      Sailcloth manufacture 0 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
12. Persons working and dealing in Food and Drinks 2,084 Show data context
(1) In Animal Food 510 Show data context
      Cowkeeper, Milkseller 49 Show data context
      Cheesemonger 1 Show data context
      Butcher, Meat Salesman 407 Show data context
      Provision Curer, Dealer 6 Show data context
      Poulterer, Game Dealer 21 Show data context
      Fishmonger 26 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(2) In Vegetable Food 912 Show data context
      Corn Merchant, Dealer 64 Show data context
      Miller 252 Show data context
      Flour Dealer, Agent 1 Show data context
      Baker 492 Show data context
      Confectioner, Pastry Ck. 38 Show data context
      Greengrocer, Fruiterer 52 Show data context
      Fruit, Flower,--Vendor 1 Show data context
      Potato Merchant 1 Show data context
      Seed Mercht., Seedsman 6 Show data context
      Sugar Refiner 0 Show data context
      Others 5 Show data context
(3) In Drinks and Stimulants 662 Show data context
      Maltster 59 Show data context
      Brewer, &c. 135 Show data context
      Wine and Spirit Mercht. 18 Show data context
      Distiller, Rectifier 1 Show data context
      Cellarman 4 Show data context
      Ginger Br., Sod. Wat. Ma. 9 Show data context
      Grocer, Tea Dealer 430 Show data context
      Tobo., Cig., Snuff, manuf. 0 Show data context
      Tobacconist 1 Show data context
      Others 5 Show data context
13. Persons working and dealing in Animal Substances 94 Show data context
(1) In Grease, Gut, Bones, Horn, Ivory, and Whalebone 12 Show data context
      Soap-boiler 0 Show data context
      Tallow-chandler 9 Show data context
      Comb-maker 0 Show data context
      Others 3 Show data context
(2) In Skins, Feathers, and Quills 77 Show data context
      Fellmonger 12 Show data context
      Skinner 0 Show data context
      Tanner 25 Show data context
      Currier 29 Show data context
      Others 11 Show data context
(3) In Hair 5 Show data context
      Hair, Bristle,--manuf. 0 Show data context
      Brush, Broom,--Maker 5 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
14. Persons working and dealing in Vegetable Substances 499 Show data context
(1) In Gums and Resins 5 Show data context
      Oil Miller, Refiner 0 Show data context
      Oil and Colourman 2 Show data context
      French-polisher 2 Show data context
      Japanner 0 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(2) In Wood 356 Show data context
      Timber Merch., Dealer 28 Show data context
      Wood Dealer 2 Show data context
      Sawyer 246 Show data context
      Fence, Hurdle,--Maker 15 Show data context
      Lath-maker 7 Show data context
      Turner 13 Show data context
      Box-maker 1 Show data context
      Cooper 41 Show data context
      Hoop Maker, Bender 0 Show data context
      Others 3 Show data context
(3) In Bark 3 Show data context
      Cork Cutter, manuf. 2 Show data context
      Others Workers in Bark 1 Show data context
(4) In Cane, Rush, and Straw 111 Show data context
      Basket-maker 39 Show data context
      Hay and Straw Dealer 22 Show data context
      Thatcher 47 Show data context
      Others 3 Show data context
(5) In Paper 24 Show data context
      Rag Gatherer, Dealer 17 Show data context
      Paper manufacture 1 Show data context
      Stationer (not Law) 5 Show data context
      Paper-stainer 1 Show data context
      Others Workers in Paper 0 Show data context
15. Persons working and dealing in Minerals 1,737 Show data context
(1) In Mining 2 Show data context
      Coal-miner 0 Show data context
      Copper-miner 0 Show data context
      Tin-miner 0 Show data context
      Lead-miner 0 Show data context
      Iron-miner 0 Show data context
      Others 2 Show data context
(2) In Coal 191 Show data context
      Coal Merchant, Dealer 66 Show data context
      Coalheaver, Labourer 53 Show data context
      Coke Burner, Dealer 0 Show data context
      Chimney Sweeper 39 Show data context
      Gas Works Service 31 Show data context
      Other Workers in Coal 2 Show data context
(3) In Stone, Clay 657 Show data context
      Stone Quarrier 3 Show data context
      Stone Cutter, Polisher 1 Show data context
      Slate Quarrier 0 Show data context
      Limestone Quar., Burner 10 Show data context
      Clay Labourer 0 Show data context
      Brick Maker, Dealer 289 Show data context
      Railway Labourer 207 Show data context
      Platelayer 45 Show data context
      Excavator, Navvy 5 Show data context
      Road Contractor, &c. 2 Show data context
      Road Labourer 63 Show data context
      Scavenger 5 Show data context
      Dust Collector 0 Show data context
      Others 27 Show data context
(4) In Earthenware 29 Show data context
      Earthenware manuf. 2 Show data context
      Tobacco-pipe Makers 14 Show data context
      Earthenw., Glass, Dealer 13 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(5) In Glass 1 Show data context
      Glass manufacture 0 Show data context
      Other Workers in Glass 1 Show data context
(6) In Salt 2 Show data context
      Salt manufacture 1 Show data context
      Other Dealers in Salt 1 Show data context
(7) In Water 3 Show data context
      Waterworks Service 0 Show data context
      Others 3 Show data context
(8) In Gold, Silver, and Precious Stones 9 Show data context
      Goldsmith, Jeweller 9 Show data context
      Plater, Plated Wareman 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(9) In Copper 2 Show data context
      Copper manufacture 0 Show data context
      Coppersmith 2 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(10) In Tin and Quicksilver 53 Show data context
      Tin manufacture 0 Show data context
      Tinman, Tinker 47 Show data context
      Tinplate Worker 6 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(11) In Zinc 0 Show data context
      Zinc manufacture 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(12) In Lead and Antimony 0 Show data context
      Lead manufacture 0 Show data context
      Typefounder 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(13) In Brass and other mixed Metals 36 Show data context
      Brass Founder, manuf. 7 Show data context
      Brazier 18 Show data context
      Locksmith, Bellhanger 2 Show data context
      Gasfitter 7 Show data context
      Wire Maker, Drawer 0 Show data context
      Wire Worker, Weaver 2 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(14) In Iron and Steel 752 Show data context
      Iron manufacture 180 Show data context
      Whitesmith 49 Show data context
      Blacksmith 454 Show data context
      Nail manufacture 0 Show data context
      Anchor, Chain,--Smith 1 Show data context
      Boiler-maker 1 Show data context
      Ironmonger 52 Show data context
      Hardwareman, Dealer 7 Show data context
      Steel manufacture 0 Show data context
      Grinder (branch undef.) 3 Show data context
      Others 5 Show data context
16. Labourers and others - Branch of Labour undefined 1,830 Show data context
(1) General Labourers 1,782 Show data context
      Labourer 1,782 Show data context
(2) Other Persons of indefinite Occupations 48 Show data context
      Mechanic 4 Show data context
      Shopman 3 Show data context
      Apprentice 1 Show data context
      Others of indef. occu. 40 Show data context
17. Persons of Rank or Property, not returned under any Office or Occupation 133 Show data context
(1) Persons of Rank or property, not returned under any Office or Occupation 133 Show data context
      Gentleman 72 Show data context
      Annuitant 61 Show data context
18. Persons supported by the Community and of no specified Occupation 206 Show data context
(1) On Income from voluntary Sources and Rates 205 Show data context
      Dependent on Relatives 26 Show data context
      Almserperson, no stat. occ. 14 Show data context
      Pauper, no stated occ. 118 Show data context
      Lunatic, no stated occ. 25 Show data context
      Others 22 Show data context
(2) Prisoners and others of Criminal Class 0 Show data context
      Prisoner, no stated occ. 0 Show data context
(3) Vagrants and Gipsies 1 Show data context
      Vagrant, Beggar 0 Show data context
      Gipsy 1 Show data context
19. Persons of no stated Rank, Profession, or Occupation 226 Show data context
      Visitor, no stated occ. 11 Show data context
      Others of no stated occupation or condition 215 Show data context

Comments:

1 Note that the original table is organised into the Orders and sub-Orders listed here, but provides counts only for the individual occupations.

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

David Allan Gatley (School of Social Sciences, University of Staffordshire). Role: transcriber. Restrictions on use: the contributor must be acknowledged but the data may be freely used for non-commercial purposes.