1861 Census of England and Wales, Ages (Sample Report Title: Population Tables. Ages, Civil Condition, Occupations and Birth-places of the People: with the Ages and Occupations of the Blind, of the Deaf-and-dumb, and of the inmates of certain public institutions Part II), Table 17 : " Occupations of Males aged 20 Years and upwards in Districts".

List England Dep Northamptonshire RegC
OCCUPATIONS [Males]
[1]
Total of Males 61,805 Show data context
1. Persons engaged in the General or Local Government of the Country 585 Show data context
(1) Officers of National Government 262 Show data context
      Civ. Serv. not in Rev. Dep. 13 Show data context
      Post Office 132 Show data context
      Inland Revenue 48 Show data context
      Customs 2 Show data context
      Government Messengers, Workmen 51 Show data context
      Dockyard Artificers 0 Show data context
      Other Govt. 16 Show data context
(2) Officers of Local Government 315 Show data context
      Magistrate 24 Show data context
      Police 167 Show data context
      Prison Officer 35 Show data context
      Union and Parish Officer 69 Show data context
      Officer of Local Board 3 Show data context
      Other Local Officers 17 Show data context
(3) Officers of East India and Colonial Government 8 Show data context
      E. India and Col. Service 8 Show data context
2. Persons engaged in the Defence of the Country 765 Show data context
(1) Army 731 Show data context
      Army Officer 30 Show data context
      Army Half-pay Officer 27 Show data context
      Soldier 538 Show data context
      Chelsea Pensioner 98 Show data context
      Militia 37 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(2) Navy 34 Show data context
      Navy Officer 6 Show data context
      Navy Half-pay Officer 7 Show data context
      Seaman, R.N. 0 Show data context
      Royal Marine 3 Show data context
      Greenwich Pensioner 18 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
3. Persons engaged in the Learned Professions or engaged in Literature, Art, and Science (with their immediate Subordinates) 1,426 Show data context
(1) Clergymen, Ministers, and Church Officers 586 Show data context
      Clergyman 371 Show data context
      Protestant Minister 114 Show data context
      Roman Catholic Priest 4 Show data context
      Other Relig. Teachers 25 Show data context
      Parish Clerk 52 Show data context
      Other Church Officers 20 Show data context
(2) Lawyers, Law Court Officers, and Law Stationers 189 Show data context
      Barrister 15 Show data context
      Solicitor 97 Show data context
      Law Student 4 Show data context
      Other Lawyers 0 Show data context
      Officers of Law Court 15 Show data context
      Law Clerk 58 Show data context
      Law Stationer 0 Show data context
(3) Physicians, Surgeons, and Druggists 284 Show data context
      Physician 15 Show data context
      Surgeon, Apothecary 120 Show data context
      Medical Student, Assist. 20 Show data context
      Dentist 8 Show data context
      Druggist 114 Show data context
      Others 7 Show data context
(4) Authors and Literary Persons 18 Show data context
      Author, Editor, Writer 4 Show data context
      Ors. eng. in Literature 14 Show data context
(5) Artists 30 Show data context
      Artist, Painter 16 Show data context
      Sculptor 1 Show data context
      Engraver 3 Show data context
      Photographic Artist 10 Show data context
      Ors. Eng. in the Fine Arts 0 Show data context
(6) Musicians, Teachers of Music 54 Show data context
      Musician 33 Show data context
      Music-master 21 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(7) Actors, Actresses 11 Show data context
      Actor 7 Show data context
      In Theatres, Exhibitions 4 Show data context
(8) Teachers 241 Show data context
      Schoolmaster 221 Show data context
      Teacher of Languages 5 Show data context
      Profes. of Mathematics 1 Show data context
      Teacher (General) 7 Show data context
      Teacher of Dancing 2 Show data context
      Other Teachers 5 Show data context
(9) Scientific Persons 13 Show data context
      Civil Engineer 13 Show data context
      Other Scientific Persons 0 Show data context
4. Persons engaged in the Domestic Officers or Duties of Wives, Mothers, Mistresses of Families, Children, Relatives (not otherwise returned) 96 Show data context
(3) Children and Relatives at home (not otherwise described) 70 Show data context
      Son, Grandson, Brother, Neph. (not oth. Des.) 70 Show data context
(4) Scholars (so described) 26 Show data context
      Scholar (so described) 26 Show data context
5. Persons engaged in entertaining, and performing Personal Offices for Man 1,980 Show data context
(1) In Board and Lodging 821 Show data context
      Innkeeper, Hotelkeeper 300 Show data context
      Publican 369 Show data context
      Beerseller 108 Show data context
      Lodg., Boardg.-house K. 17 Show data context
      Coffee-house Keeper 7 Show data context
      Cook (not Domst. Serv.) 1 Show data context
      Others--Boarding, &c. 19 Show data context
(2) Attendance (Domestic Servants, &c.) 1,159 Show data context
      Domst. Serv. (General) 473 Show data context
      Coachman 91 Show data context
      Groom 334 Show data context
      Gardener 143 Show data context
      Inn Servant 85 Show data context
      Hosp. Attent., Nurse, &c. 21 Show data context
      Others 12 Show data context
6. Persons who buy or sell, keep, or lend Money, Houses or Goods of various Kinds 682 Show data context
(1) Mercantile Men [Women] 301 Show data context
      Merchant 24 Show data context
      Banker 6 Show data context
      Insur., Ben. Soci. Offr. 8 Show data context
      Stock Broker, &c. 0 Show data context
      Ship Broker, Agent 1 Show data context
      Broker 10 Show data context
      Agent, Factor 20 Show data context
      Coal, Colliery Agent 12 Show data context
      Iron Merchant, Agent 0 Show data context
      Salesman 2 Show data context
      Auctioneer, Apprsr., Val. 28 Show data context
      Accountant 31 Show data context
      Commercial Clerk 93 Show data context
      Commercial Traveller 52 Show data context
      Other Mercantile Men 14 Show data context
(2) Other General Dealers 381 Show data context
      Pawnbroker 16 Show data context
      Marine-store Dealer 16 Show data context
      Ge. Dlr., Costermonger 185 Show data context
      Shopkeeper 31 Show data context
      Hawker, Pedlar 131 Show data context
      Other General Dealers 2 Show data context
7. Persons engaged in the Conveyance of Men, Animals, Goods, and Messages 1,801 Show data context
(1) Carriers on Railways 867 Show data context
      Rail. Engine Driver, &c. 273 Show data context
      Railway Official 145 Show data context
      Railway Servant 364 Show data context
      Railway Police 85 Show data context
      Ors. eng. in 0 Show data context
(2) Carriers on Roads 459 Show data context
      Toll Collector 52 Show data context
      Coach, Omn., Cab, Ownr. 7 Show data context
      Livery Staple Keeper 1 Show data context
      Coachman (not domstc.) 61 Show data context
      Cabman, Flyman 10 Show data context
      Carm., Carr., Carter, Dray. 327 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(3) Carriers on Canals and Rivers 316 Show data context
      Canal and River Service 73 Show data context
      Bargeman, Waterman 208 Show data context
      Others 35 Show data context
(4) Carriers on Seas and Rivers 17 Show data context
      Shipowner 0 Show data context
      Seaman (Mercht. Serv.) 8 Show data context
      Pilot 0 Show data context
      Boatman on Seas 0 Show data context
      Dock Servant, Labourer 0 Show data context
      Wharfinger 9 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(5) Engaged in Storage 19 Show data context
      Warehsmn. (not Manch.) 18 Show data context
      Others in Storage 1 Show data context
(6) Messengers and Porters 123 Show data context
      Messr., Port., Ernd. Boy 103 Show data context
      Telegraph Service 19 Show data context
      Others in Messages 1 Show data context
8. Persons possessing or working the Land, and engaged in growing Grain, Fruits, Grasses, Animals, and other Products 24,584 Show data context
(1) In Fields and Pastures (Agriculturists) 23,592 Show data context
      Land Proprietor 156 Show data context
      Farmer, Grazier 2,663 Show data context
      Farmer's "Son", "Brother", "Grandson" 591 Show data context
      Farm Bailiff 242 Show data context
      Agricultural Labourer 18,539 Show data context
      Shepherd (out-door) 952 Show data context
      Farm Servant (in-door) 348 Show data context
      Land Surv., Estate Agt. 37 Show data context
      Others in Agriculture 64 Show data context
(2) In Woods (Arboriculturists) 166 Show data context
      Woodman 166 Show data context
      Others in Arboriculture 0 Show data context
(3) In Gardens (Horticulturists) 826 Show data context
      Gardener 808 Show data context
      Nurseryman 18 Show data context
      Others in Horticulture 0 Show data context
9. Persons engaged about Animals 1,036 Show data context
(1) Persons engaged about Animals 1,036 Show data context
      Horse Dealer 16 Show data context
      Horsebreaker 28 Show data context
      Horsekpr., Grm., Jockey 517 Show data context
      Farrier, Veterinary Sur. 59 Show data context
      Cattle, Sheep,--Dealer 72 Show data context
      Drover 92 Show data context
      Pig Merchant, Dealer 29 Show data context
      Gamekeeper 156 Show data context
      Vermin Destroyer 31 Show data context
      Fisherman 6 Show data context
      Others about Animals 30 Show data context
10. Persons engaged in Art and Mechanic Productions, in which Matters of various kinds are employed in combination 6,027 Show data context
(1) In Books 169 Show data context
      Bookseller, Publisher 50 Show data context
      Bookbinder 20 Show data context
      Printer 85 Show data context
      Newspaper Agent 9 Show data context
      Others in Publications 5 Show data context
(2) In Musical Instrument 13 Show data context
      Musical Instr. Mak., Dlr. 6 Show data context
      Others 7 Show data context
(3) In Prints and Pictures 4 Show data context
      Lithographer, Lithographic Printer 2 Show data context
      Others 2 Show data context
(4) In Carving and Figures 9 Show data context
      Wood-carver 5 Show data context
      Others 4 Show data context
(5) in Tackle for Sport and Games 4 Show data context
      Toy Maker, Dealer 4 Show data context
      Bow, Bat, Tackle,--Mak. 0 Show data context
(6) In Designs, Medals, and Dies 14 Show data context
      Pattern Designer 6 Show data context
      Others 8 Show data context
(7) In Watches and Philosophical Instruments 101 Show data context
      Watchmkr., Clockmkr. 99 Show data context
      Optician 1 Show data context
      Weight or Measure Mkr. 0 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(8) In Surgical Instruments 1 Show data context
      Surgical Instrmt. Maker 1 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(9) In Arms 36 Show data context
      Gunsmith, Gun Manuf. 36 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(10) In Machines 646 Show data context
      Eng. and Mach. Maker 616 Show data context
      Spindle-maker 0 Show data context
      Needle manufacture 0 Show data context
      Scissors-maker 0 Show data context
      Tool Maker, Dealer 3 Show data context
      File-maker 1 Show data context
      Saw Smith, Maker 3 Show data context
      Cutler 18 Show data context
      Blade Maker, Forger 0 Show data context
      Knife-maker 1 Show data context
      Razor-maker 1 Show data context
      Others in Tools, Mchns. 3 Show data context
(11) In Carriages 153 Show data context
      Coachmaker 145 Show data context
      Others 8 Show data context
(12) In Harness 185 Show data context
      Saddler, Harness-maker 163 Show data context
      Whip-maker 22 Show data context
(13) In Ships 32 Show data context
      Shipbldr., Shipwright 2 Show data context
      Block, Oar, Mast,--Mak. 0 Show data context
      Boat, Barge,--Builder 30 Show data context
      Sailmaker 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(14) In Houses and Buildings 4,028 Show data context
      House Proprietor 104 Show data context
      House Agent 8 Show data context
      Architect 13 Show data context
      Surveyor 11 Show data context
      Builder 184 Show data context
      Carpenter, Joiner 1,649 Show data context
      Bricklayer 602 Show data context
      Marble Mason 5 Show data context
      Mason, Pavior 883 Show data context
      Slater, Tiler 35 Show data context
      Plasterer 82 Show data context
      Paperhanger 9 Show data context
      Plumber, Painter, Glazr. 440 Show data context
      Others 3 Show data context
(15) In Furniture 193 Show data context
      Cabinet Maker, Uphol. 139 Show data context
      Undertaker 1 Show data context
      Chair-maker 16 Show data context
      Picture-frame Maker 1 Show data context
      Carver, Gilder 12 Show data context
      Bedstead, Mattress,--Mak. 0 Show data context
      Furniture Broker 24 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(16) In Implements 427 Show data context
      Wheelwright 360 Show data context
      Millwright 35 Show data context
      Other Implement Mkrs. 32 Show data context
(17) In Chemicals 12 Show data context
      Manuf. Chemist, Laborer 1 Show data context
      Dye, Colour,--manuf. 0 Show data context
      Dyer, Calenderer 8 Show data context
      Others 3 Show data context
11. Persons working and Dealing in the Textile Fabrics and in Dress 11,512 Show data context
(1) In Wool and Worsted 57 Show data context
      Woolstapler 13 Show data context
      Felt manufacture 6 Show data context
      Woollen Cloth manuf. 9 Show data context
      Clothier 19 Show data context
      Fuller 0 Show data context
      Wool, Woollen,--Dyer 0 Show data context
      Worsted manufacture 6 Show data context
      Stuff manufacture 0 Show data context
      Flannel manufacture 0 Show data context
      Blanket manufacture 0 Show data context
      Carpet, Rug,--manuf. 1 Show data context
      Others 3 Show data context
(2) In Silk 309 Show data context
      Silk manufacture 270 Show data context
      Silk Dyer, Printer 3 Show data context
      Silk Mercer 3 Show data context
      Ribbon manufacture 3 Show data context
      Others 30 Show data context
(3) In Cotton and Flax 37 Show data context
      Flax, Linen,--manuf. 5 Show data context
      Thread manufacture 0 Show data context
      Lace manufacture 19 Show data context
      Cotton manufacture 4 Show data context
      Fustian manufacture 0 Show data context
      Muslin manufacture 0 Show data context
      Calico, Cotton,--Printer 1 Show data context
      Calico, Cotton,--Dyer 0 Show data context
      Others 8 Show data context
(4) In Mixed Materials (1, 2, 3.) 370 Show data context
      Packer and Presser 0 Show data context
      Weaver (undefined) 3 Show data context
      Manchester Warehmn. 1 Show data context
      Draper, Mercer 361 Show data context
      Others 5 Show data context
(5) In Dress 10,642 Show data context
      Hairdresser, Wig-maker 76 Show data context
      Hatter, Hat manuf. 23 Show data context
      Straw Plait manuf. 1 Show data context
      Straw Hat, Bonnet Mak. 2 Show data context
      Shawl manufacture 0 Show data context
      Furrier 0 Show data context
      Tailor 913 Show data context
      Clothes Dealer, Outfitr. 12 Show data context
      Button-maker 0 Show data context
      Hose manufacture 6 Show data context
      Hosier, Haberdasher 16 Show data context
      Glover, Leather, &c. 6 Show data context
      Shoemaker, Bootmaker 9,529 Show data context
      Patten, Clog,--Maker 9 Show data context
      Umbrella, Stick,--Mak. 8 Show data context
      Others providing Dress 41 Show data context
(6) In Hemp and other Fibrous Materials 97 Show data context
      Mat Maker, Seller 44 Show data context
      Rope, Cord,--Maker 47 Show data context
      Canvas Maker, Dealer 0 Show data context
      Sailcloth manufacture 0 Show data context
      Others 6 Show data context
12. Persons working and dealing in Food and Drinks 3,351 Show data context
(1) In Animal Food 877 Show data context
      Cowkeeper, Milkseller 61 Show data context
      Cheesemonger 4 Show data context
      Butcher, Meat Salesman 732 Show data context
      Provision Curer, Dealer 20 Show data context
      Poulterer, Game Dealer 12 Show data context
      Fishmonger 47 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(2) In Vegetable Food 1,392 Show data context
      Corn Merchant, Dealer 83 Show data context
      Miller 403 Show data context
      Flour Dealer, Agent 15 Show data context
      Baker 780 Show data context
      Confectioner, Pastry Ck. 54 Show data context
      Greengrocer, Fruiterer 39 Show data context
      Fruit, Flower,--Vendor 1 Show data context
      Potato Merchant 7 Show data context
      Seed Mercht., Seedsman 5 Show data context
      Sugar Refiner 3 Show data context
      Others 2 Show data context
(3) In Drinks and Stimulants 1,082 Show data context
      Maltster 158 Show data context
      Brewer, &c. 201 Show data context
      Wine and Spirit Mercht. 48 Show data context
      Distiller, Rectifier 0 Show data context
      Cellarman 4 Show data context
      Ginger Br., Sod. Wat. Ma. 7 Show data context
      Grocer, Tea Dealer 641 Show data context
      Tobo., Cig., Snuff, manuf. 2 Show data context
      Tobacconist 7 Show data context
      Others 14 Show data context
13. Persons working and dealing in Animal Substances 569 Show data context
(1) In Grease, Gut, Bones, Horn, Ivory, and Whalebone 35 Show data context
      Soap-boiler 1 Show data context
      Tallow-chandler 26 Show data context
      Comb-maker 0 Show data context
      Others 8 Show data context
(2) In Skins, Feathers, and Quills 506 Show data context
      Fellmonger 31 Show data context
      Skinner 10 Show data context
      Tanner 49 Show data context
      Currier 391 Show data context
      Others 25 Show data context
(3) In Hair 28 Show data context
      Hair, Bristle,--manuf. 0 Show data context
      Brush, Broom,--Maker 28 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
14. Persons working and dealing in Vegetable Substances 1,071 Show data context
(1) In Gums and Resins 17 Show data context
      Oil Miller, Refiner 0 Show data context
      Oil and Colourman 2 Show data context
      French-polisher 8 Show data context
      Japanner 0 Show data context
      Others 7 Show data context
(2) In Wood 763 Show data context
      Timber Merch., Dealer 46 Show data context
      Wood Dealer 26 Show data context
      Sawyer 437 Show data context
      Fence, Hurdle,--Maker 23 Show data context
      Lath-maker 9 Show data context
      Turner 62 Show data context
      Box-maker 1 Show data context
      Cooper 101 Show data context
      Hoop Maker, Bender 1 Show data context
      Others 57 Show data context
(3) In Bark 10 Show data context
      Cork Cutter, manuf. 10 Show data context
      Others Workers in Bark 0 Show data context
(4) In Cane, Rush, and Straw 195 Show data context
      Basket-maker 92 Show data context
      Hay and Straw Dealer 4 Show data context
      Thatcher 67 Show data context
      Others 32 Show data context
(5) In Paper 86 Show data context
      Rag Gatherer, Dealer 27 Show data context
      Paper manufacture 40 Show data context
      Stationer (not Law) 13 Show data context
      Paper-stainer 0 Show data context
      Others Workers in Paper 6 Show data context
15. Persons working and dealing in Minerals 3,215 Show data context
(1) In Mining 132 Show data context
      Coal-miner 0 Show data context
      Copper-miner 0 Show data context
      Tin-miner 0 Show data context
      Lead-miner 0 Show data context
      Iron-miner 14 Show data context
      Others 118 Show data context
(2) In Coal 336 Show data context
      Coal Merchant, Dealer 169 Show data context
      Coalheaver, Labourer 54 Show data context
      Coke Burner, Dealer 2 Show data context
      Chimney Sweeper 54 Show data context
      Gas Works Service 48 Show data context
      Other Workers in Coal 9 Show data context
(3) In Stone, Clay 1,170 Show data context
      Stone Quarrier 16 Show data context
      Stone Cutter, Polisher 22 Show data context
      Slate Quarrier 1 Show data context
      Limestone Quar., Burner 38 Show data context
      Clay Labourer 0 Show data context
      Brick Maker, Dealer 375 Show data context
      Railway Labourer 399 Show data context
      Platelayer 107 Show data context
      Excavator, Navvy 14 Show data context
      Road Contractor, &c. 8 Show data context
      Road Labourer 172 Show data context
      Scavenger 7 Show data context
      Dust Collector 0 Show data context
      Others 11 Show data context
(4) In Earthenware 49 Show data context
      Earthenware manuf. 5 Show data context
      Tobacco-pipe Makers 14 Show data context
      Earthenw., Glass, Dealer 29 Show data context
      Others 1 Show data context
(5) In Glass 0 Show data context
      Glass manufacture 0 Show data context
      Other Workers in Glass 0 Show data context
(6) In Salt 3 Show data context
      Salt manufacture 0 Show data context
      Other Dealers in Salt 3 Show data context
(7) In Water 6 Show data context
      Waterworks Service 4 Show data context
      Others 2 Show data context
(8) In Gold, Silver, and Precious Stones 14 Show data context
      Goldsmith, Jeweller 14 Show data context
      Plater, Plated Wareman 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(9) In Copper 12 Show data context
      Copper manufacture 0 Show data context
      Coppersmith 12 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(10) In Tin and Quicksilver 67 Show data context
      Tin manufacture 0 Show data context
      Tinman, Tinker 43 Show data context
      Tinplate Worker 24 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(11) In Zinc 0 Show data context
      Zinc manufacture 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(12) In Lead and Antimony 1 Show data context
      Lead manufacture 1 Show data context
      Typefounder 0 Show data context
      Others 0 Show data context
(13) In Brass and other mixed Metals 123 Show data context
      Brass Founder, manuf. 22 Show data context
      Brazier 61 Show data context
      Locksmith, Bellhanger 2 Show data context
      Gasfitter 22 Show data context
      Wire Maker, Drawer 0 Show data context
      Wire Worker, Weaver 5 Show data context
      Others 11 Show data context
(14) In Iron and Steel 1,302 Show data context
      Iron manufacture 212 Show data context
      Whitesmith 47 Show data context
      Blacksmith 828 Show data context
      Nail manufacture 6 Show data context
      Anchor, Chain,--Smith 0 Show data context
      Boiler-maker 104 Show data context
      Ironmonger 84 Show data context
      Hardwareman, Dealer 2 Show data context
      Steel manufacture 0 Show data context
      Grinder (branch undef.) 3 Show data context
      Others 16 Show data context
16. Labourers and others - Branch of Labour undefined 2,182 Show data context
(1) General Labourers 2,043 Show data context
      Labourer 2,043 Show data context
(2) Other Persons of indefinite Occupations 139 Show data context
      Mechanic 30 Show data context
      Shopman 6 Show data context
      Apprentice 1 Show data context
      Others of indef. occu. 102 Show data context
17. Persons of Rank or Property, not returned under any Office or Occupation 201 Show data context
(1) Persons of Rank or property, not returned under any Office or Occupation 201 Show data context
      Gentleman 136 Show data context
      Annuitant 65 Show data context
18. Persons supported by the Community and of no specified Occupation 303 Show data context
(1) On Income from voluntary Sources and Rates 296 Show data context
      Dependent on Relatives 4 Show data context
      Almserperson, no stat. occ. 7 Show data context
      Pauper, no stated occ. 199 Show data context
      Lunatic, no stated occ. 35 Show data context
      Others 51 Show data context
(2) Prisoners and others of Criminal Class 2 Show data context
      Prisoner, no stated occ. 2 Show data context
(3) Vagrants and Gipsies 5 Show data context
      Vagrant, Beggar 4 Show data context
      Gipsy 1 Show data context
19. Persons of no stated Rank, Profession, or Occupation 419 Show data context
      Visitor, no stated occ. 14 Show data context
      Others of no stated occupation or condition 405 Show data context

Comments:

1 Note that the original table is organised into the Orders and sub-Orders listed here, but provides counts only for the individual occupations.

Click on the triangles for all about a particular number.

This website does not try to provide an exact replica of the original printed census tables, which often had thousands of rows and far more columns than will fit on our web pages. Instead, we let you drill down from national totals to the most detailed data available. The column headings are those that appeared in the original printed report. The numbers presented here, which are the same ones we use to create statistical maps and graphs, come from the census table and have usually been carefully checked.

The system can only hold statistics for units listed in our administrative gazetteer, so some rows from the original table may be missing. Sometimes big low-level units, like urban parishes, were divided between more than one higher-level units, like Registration sub-Districts. This is why some pages will give a higher figure for a lower-level unit: it covers the whole of the lower-level unit, not just the part within the current higher-level unit.


Acknowledgments:

We are grateful to the following contributors. If you make use of the data in your own work, please follow any instructions given here on acknowledgment and re-use.

David Allan Gatley (School of Social Sciences, University of Staffordshire). Role: transcriber. Restrictions on use: the contributor must be acknowledged but the data may be freely used for non-commercial purposes.